Of direct branches of shrubs and plants growing near the pond, you can make a simple vertex. In the beginning of the harvested branches going frame consisting of 5 – 10 laps and 3 – 4 straight zherdin. Circles to zherdinam tied with wire, twine, strips of fabric, bast.
The resulting framework is interwoven thinner branches in such a way that the distance between them, depending on the size of fish, no more than 1-3 cm Login Bring performed in the form of a funnel with a narrow opening-neck. It turns peculiar trap of the same shape ink-neprolivashki. Inside the vertex of small leashes hooked bait. Several times a day fish-trap checks caught fish pulled through isolated closed end (Fig. 1).
There are several ways of making entry and funnel is complete. Flexible branches longitudinal sheath can double in (Fig. 2) warming over the fire and relating to the ring-entrance. Brittle branches that can not bend, can nadlamyvat, but so that they hold at least a crust bend and again tied to the rings formed input (Fig. 3). Finally, you can use thin poles with the same chopped off at the butt of the lateral branches, which converge in the center to form a funnel (Fig. 4).
When the construction vertices can not link the ring, forming its frame, you can make a simple version of the vertex unconventional triangular or oval. For this we need to find and cut off some of the same thickness and type of bifurcated at the end zherdin (slingshots). Then connect the divergent ends "slingshots" to retrieve the elements of cross frame tie longitudinal poles, which are then bound together with thin branches (Fig. 5).
There's also a thing vertices made from a hollow tree trunk. Having found such a hollow trunk, you must cut off from him 1-2-meter-long block of wood. Get a hollow cylinder. One side should braid or close branches piece polyethylene fabric. On the other hand at 30 – 60 ° drill or burn-holes in which to drive a strong branch to form the desired size of the crater (Fig. 6).
Fry may catch improvised nets, made of pieces of clothing, pieces of fabric. 2-3-liter glass jars can make a kind of vertex-funnel. For this piece of skin density polyethylene, bark should turn a bag and left at the bottom of a small hole, insert into the neck of banks and secure.
Position within the bank with bait is placed on the bottom of the river bottom upstream and tied to a peg driven into the ground. Fish, noticing the bait swims in and is trapped (Fig. 7). At catching small fish can do without the funnel, pulling on the neck jars polyethylene or a piece of leather with a small hole in the middle and secure it with a rubber band or rope edges. More comfortable to wear nylon cover on the jar and cut a hole in it. Such a flat "funnel" is also able to keep the fish from getting inside.
The same principle is fish-trap from a plastic bottle. To do this, she cut off the neck, which is upside down firmly stuck in the remaining "glass" and secured with wire, thread or thickly smeared resin (Fig. 8)
Minnows can be fished with bowls or flat, height 3 – 7 cm, cans salted herring. Bowl top is covered with a cloth, which is cut a hole the size of a walnut. In this case, the hole should be located in the middle of the bowl. Fastened to the ends of the fabric edge bowls.
Inside throws a piece of bread or other bait. Tackle proposed for the river crossing and buries in the ground so that its top was at the bottom. Half an hour into the bowl can nabitsya up to two dozen minnows. Roughly the same can be caught using a bucket of minnows (Fig. 9).
Besides these Versh and traps, ancient fishermen successfully used primitive gill nets, woven from thin strips of bast, shot from tree trunks. Gill – because the fish getting into the network, they are caught in the gills. As Georgia used clay balls or stones, tied to the bottom of the net. Network established across the stream or along the aquatic vegetation in places where fish.
Not sure what the modern "Robinsons" able to weave a network of bark, but of more modern materials – why not? It is only necessary to have in plenty of rope and patience. The right amount of rope available, spreading into individual filaments nylon rope tow or end, using the terminology of climbers, the main rope.
Thick nylon rope almost always are made of many individual lived, quite suitable for netting. The methods shown in the netting Fig. 10, 11. The value of the cell networks are usually selected depending on the kind of fish will recover fisherman. Most often it does not exceed 2-5 cm
Fishing with nets is different, which is better to know in advance, and it is desirable – not in theory. On large reservoirs network easier to use as nonsense. To do so, going deeper into the water and stretched net, move along the coast, gradually approaching it, and populate the ends of gear forward.
The higher the speed of the fishermen will be the last stage of fishing – pulling out the network to the bank – and the more they make noise, driving is trying to save the fish back into the trap, the greater is going to be a catch.
Narrow rivers and streams can block the flow across the network, from coast to coast. The water network crushes with stones, sinkers tied to the bottom edge and floats made from the bark of trees, bundles of reeds, and so n, the material at hand. Network to cling less debris floated down the river, it should be set at an angle to the flow (Fig. 12). It is also possible to straighten network with two transverse zherdin (Fig. 12).
But perhaps the greatest catch in distress promise fish traps (Sometimes referred to as wooden networks, snacks, etc.). In the fish-rich rivers daily catch one trap can be several quintals. However, construction of the trap – the case for a long and tedious, and is justified only in the passive survival, prolonged exposure of the victims in the same place where, once a trap, you can shoot fish daily "harvest."
Usually traps are built on rather narrow shallow rivers and streams, which may dam across the stream from bank to bank. The device and the appearance of traps vary. But the principle of all primitive fishing nets is the same – to block the path of the fish and send it to a special pen, from which it will be difficult to find a solution. That is the same, but enlarged to giant size is complete.
Most similar to a rope primitive analogue network, woven from thin strips of bast. They are made on the shore, and then stretched between vertical hammered into the ground with stakes across the water flow. The smaller network spans are, the easier they will be to weave.
Just do not confuse these bast network, of which only block the fish way of fishing in which the fish has become confused and stuck. This is quite different, for different purposes tackle. Small, with low river flow can partition off a simplified model of a network consisting of only one vertical stripes.
For this thin strip bark at equal distance to the two ends are tied straight poles. One pole, weighted with stones placed on the river bottom, the other rises above the water on vertical stakes ending forks. Thus the flow of water is the cut of the vertical bars through which the fish can not get through (Fig. 13).
In another case, you can do without bark, logging which requires practice, but will prepare a considerable amount of direct stakes. Stakes sharpened on one side and are driven blizkodrug other at the bottom of the river, from one coast to the other. It turns out, a kind of fence palings, overlapping fish way downstream.
The distance between the stakes is selected depending on the kind of fish the fisherman expects to catch, but usually no more than 1-2 cm is enough in two or three places to leave a wider opening – and almost all of the fish will go through them downstream. For greater reliability, especially when used for the construction of curves blank vertical pegs can bind cross branches, ropes or strips of bark to produce the classic form networks (Fig. 14).
In addition, the network can be lowered into the water view "fences", where two or three vertical uprights are attached long straight poles. To this network stood upright and drifted stream, it must be attached to the pre-stakes driven into the bottom (Fig. 14).
All of these steps and bast Zherdev network are just a design element traps, designed to stop and return the fish to its trapping part. Lovcen part (pen, warren, pocket, fish-trap, etc.) itself is the essence of primitive networks.
The center was built one way or another network left a narrow passage below which, for the trap of the same unfolding of networks on poles or stakes, erected a small fish tank, pen triangular, square or any other shape. The input has a funnel shape, depth about one-third into the cage.
Trapped in a large fish can not find a way back, accumulating in the pockets of dead-end, and the fisherman is to get it with harpoons or catch hands (Fig. 15). Sometimes the pen input is performed in the form of gradually tapering spiral. Fish moves along a fence, falls into a spiral, and on it – in fish tank (Fig. 15).
Another very effective way to "fishing net" is to guide the fish in some branch of a river, which is then drained. For this we need to find a place where the channel is divided into two or more branches, select the most shallow, and the very river to bar any of the methods described above.
And if that is not possible – just to drive adrift fish popular among sleeve, making the mainstream as much noise. Accordingly, in the place where the hose connects to the river, it is necessary to put one more primitive network. Fish which enters the sleeve will drift until it blocked the road network.
When the fish cages in natural origin will be quite a lot, the entrance to the sleeve can fill up with stones and earth. Water stops coming, quickly draining his sleeve – and the fish can be collected from the exposed bottom (Fig. 19).
The same principle can be used in rivers with a single channel. For this it is necessary to block the part of the stream network and send primitive fish into long, arranged parallel to the coast sleeves cage.
In the dead-end of the cage should dig corral trap in the form of a deep pit, which is connected with the river narrow long tubules. When the fish gets into the fish tank, it should be, making as much noise, to drive into the trap and close the way out of it (Fig. 20).
In standing water trap is in the form of mazes, consisting of a set of interconnected half circles and spirals. Serve as a front door two located close to each other semicircle, forming a narrow shaped corridor. Also constructed a trap of stakes driven into the bottom, for the strength of interconnected wire, rope or any other available materials.
Finally, you can catch fish without any gear, they say, with his bare hands. For example, the left after river flooding puddles. Leave these no connection with the river water and the fish can not as they are drying thicker concentrated in a limited area.
It is enough to lift the dirt from the bottom of the small bodies of water to fish in search of clean water floated to the surface, where it can harpoon or simply draw any utensils tucked under the arm. In some cases it is possible they had broken a fine groove, together with a pool of the river and drain all the water. In this case, the fisherman will get all of the fish, which can be collected at the open day.
In fast rocky rivers can try to catch fish with your bare hands, pushing it into the cracks between the stones in the grooves and scour the coast. Just your hand to catch burbot and other fish found in the "holes" on a submerged snags, rocks, depressions in the ground.
One of the simplest methods of fishing – killing fish, unless, of course, the victims find any explosives. Stunned fish float and become easy prey for the fisherman. On fast flowing rivers to watch out for prey, downstream of the dam is recommended to build or install a makeshift net.
But stun fish can not only with explosives – even just a stick! Jamming sticks possible at certain times of the year, usually in mid-summer, when the fish rise to the surface of the water and swims in circles for hours among the vegetation. Its path can be traced to specific spikes and "hand" drawn on the surface of the water dorsal fins.
It can sneak up on a fish at close to 1,5-1 m, distance and stunned by a sharp blow on the back with a thick stick or water in the head. Sneak up on fish should be slow, gradual pace. The impact must be strong and biting. Stunned fish should quickly pull out of the water, until she came to her senses. For all its simplicity, it is quite an effective way of fishing. One day, I watched as a teenager on the beach for a quarter of an hour and knocked stranded half a dozen of decent carp.
To exotic fishing methods could be considered poisoning the fish using special chemical compounds and poison plants. Most of these plants native to southern and tropical climate and geographical zones: derris shrub, tree Barrington, desert rose (Adenium) kozlotropnik, creepers and Timbo lonhokarpus, wood brabasko etc.
On the territory of the former Soviet Union there is only one plant that is suitable for such purposes – mullein Jungar ("Bear-ear", "royal candle"). It grows in the mountains of Tajikistan on dry sandy and rocky areas on the sunlit side and has a well-recognized large grayish-green, felt, something resembling pieces of felt boots, leaves.
And, finally, in full for the fish come bezrybe cancer. He as a food is good for fishing bait amiss. You can catch crabs with a simple tackle, called rachevney or circle. Presents it in a wooden or metal hoop hem network or fabric, with a large number of small holes.
In the middle of the circle is attached to a stone weight and bait – a piece of fish, rotten meat, fish entrails, grasshoppers. In this case, what will be spoiled meat than smelly – the better, because the crabs are scavengers. Attached to the ring three or four equal lengths of rope, twine, strips of bark, which, in turn, is bound to lift the fishing line, the length of which is selected depending on the depth of the water body.
Fishing line is attached to the end of a long stick-rod. Circle lowered into the water in a quiet, deep place, close to the steep bank, that is where usually the most rachih holes. Every 15 – 20 minutes round gently to the surface. Sometimes one can catch up to catch a dozen crabs.
Day you can catch crayfish hands, looking them in the burrows, under driftwood and stones. In order to see crayfish under water as a makeshift mask for scuba diving, you can use the banks and so on glass and plastic containers, half-submerged in the water. But with some experience you can do so. It is only necessary to make allowance for the refraction of light in the water and try to hunt in shallow water, where it is not so much as at depth.
When lifting the stones have to be prepared for the fact that the cancer is fast swims, and backwards, that is, head back, starting from the tail water. So it's best to arrange a catch for a couple where one was turning the stones, and the other catches prey. Even better to enclose the stone lifted improvised network.
Much easier to catch crabs at night, when after 2 – 3 hours after sunset crabs crawling on the coastal shelf, and in some cases even to the land, where they can gather, flashing a flashlight or torch, made of birch bark. I once in this way for an hour to catch more than two hundred cancers. I just went to his knees in the water and collect them like mushrooms at his feet. And in the afternoon, diving into the icy water with a mask and spent a lot more effort, I got the almost fifty grand.
Can be used for catching crabs jail. To do this in a place where water is especially clear, near the coast need to outline some meat, fish entrails, etc. bait. Stockade for catching crayfish is a long, one end of a split stick. In the splitting wedge is inserted in such a way that the edges stick differed by a few centimeters.
And we must take a stick fresh, raw, as malouprugaya dry and can easily break. Gaff carefully fed to cancer and is stuck in the bottom. Cancer gets between the fork and pinch the top of the split, after which it is only out of the water. In a pinch, you can catch crabs in the shoe. For this shoe with lowered into a bait on a long rope sinks to the bottom. Climb inside, the smell of cancer, pick up on the shore.