Unique mummy was discovered in 1999 on the side of a volcano Lyulyaylyako, rising to 6739 meters above sea level on the border between Argentina and Chile. Next to it are found frozen bodies of two more young victims: seven year old boy and a six-year girl.
A team of researchers at New York University, led by Angelica Kortels mummies examined samples (called Maiden – "Maid"). Instead of the traditional analysis of DNA, scientists have studied the proteins in the tissue, and found that in apparently healthy girl had a bacterial lung infection resembling tuberculosis. For the first time the infection was detected in mummies.
All three mummies were deep freeze. The body has also undergone a seven year old boy studying, but explore the remains of a six-year girl, scientists still are not solved. Perhaps once it was struck by lightning, which could affect the accuracy of the results of the study.
Rather, the three children were sacrificed, as evidenced by being close to them artifacts of gold, silver, clothes, bowls with food and extravagant headdress of white feathers of unknown birds.
Historians suggest that the children were selected by the Incas for their beauty (in addition, children were considered more pure beings than adults) and sacrificed. Inca is not often brought children into the victim.
B Previous studies have established that prior to sacrifice them, throughout the year, children were fed "elite" foods – maize and dried llama meat, though before that they were eating exclusively a peasant food, consisting of potatoes and vegetables.