During the 3 years of Novosibirsk researchers studied biosystems developing in extreme conditions on the Kamchatka Peninsula. Studies conducted in springs near the volcano caldera, in the Valley of Geysers and Death Valley.
"Now we know that in the Valley of Geysers known eight types of microbial communities, of which only dark filamentous green algae can survive at 98 degrees Celsius," — said the deputy director for science Kronotsky reserve Vladimir Mosolov.
In addition, the hot springs of the caldera of the volcano caldera also found eight types of microbial communities. In this case, the most interesting are the filamentous sulfur bacteria that live in the hot sulfur springs. They can survive in temperatures above 60 degrees.
In addition, scientists obtained the first data on the mercury content in some solutions and drinking water of the Valley and the caldera of the volcano caldera. The high content of toxic elements in the water geyser noted Averevsky in the Valley of Geysers — where excess weight is fixed at 20.
Kronotsky Reserve — one of the oldest reserves in Russia. As the state was founded in 1934 on the site of existing since 1882 Sable Reserve. It is located in the eastern part of the Kamchatka Peninsula and includes the territory of the Kronotsky Peninsula. Here are eight active volcanoes in the highest of which is the Kronotsky Volcano (3528 m), the thermal lake, the famous Valley of Geysers and Waterfalls.