Chagos Archipelago — the so-called British Indian Ocean Territory. Until the mid-1960s of the last century, the archipelago was part of the British colony of the center on the island of Mauritius. In 1965, three years before independence Mauritius, Britain has stolen the Chagos Islands from Mauritius and subsequently handed them out to create the largest U.S. naval and air base on the largest island of Diego Garcia.
In the period from 1967 to 1973, the entire indigenous population of about two thousand people were forcibly evicted. To convince chagostsev the need to leave their homes, the British authorities were caught about a thousand pet dogs and put down the gas and as if to show people what fate awaits them themselves if they refuse to move.
Since then, the islands are almost completely rule the U.S.. Diego Garcia, located in the middle of the Indian Ocean, is a base for heavy bombers, which have been used repeatedly to bomb attacks on Iraq and Afghanistan in the 1990's of the last century and this century.
Chagostsy evicted from the islands over the years never stopped fighting for the right to return to their homeland. But all their attempts ended in failure.
In 2009, the British government announced that the Chagos Archipelago a protected zone. Among other things, this implies a ban on fishing in the waters adjacent to all countries, including Mauritius. However, for the staff of the U.S. military base an exception. Today, for the needs of the U.S. military are caught each year nearly 30 tons of fish. But the main thing — the creation of the reserve actually gives up on trying to chagostsev return.
Therefore the decision of the international arbitration court to consider the legality of the creation of the reserve caused a nervous reaction in London.
Even if the court rules in favor chagostsev, it is doubtful that it will move forward. Too high a value base on the island of Diego Garcia for the whole of Western strategy in the Indian Ocean. In 2016, the deadline for lease basis, and there is no doubt that the UK was extended by. Given that in recent years in the area increased presence of naval forces in China (including the neighboring Maldives, Chagos) loses base — then take a strategic position in a key region for global politics.
And for the sake of strategic positions and you can ignore the ethnic cleansing of forty years ago, and hide behind the guise of seemingly plausible specially protected natural area. Even if in fact be protected by a U.S. military base, not a unique ecosystem of coral reefs.