They appear in the form of bloody wounds on the hands, as if they were hammered nails, in some cases, such as wounds appear on his feet. Some owners have the stigmata wounds on the forehead that resemble scratches and pricks of the crown of thorns, and someone on the back appear bloody streaks that look like footprints flagellation.
It is believed that the first stigmata appeared on St. Francis of Assisi, it was in 1224. Legend has it that the saint saw the angel, who digged the stigmata on his hands and feet with five rays of light.
There are many versions about the signs of why passion of Christ began to appear in public in the beginning of this millennium. The first version of the appearance of the stigmata associated with worsened in the 11 — 12 centuries of theological quarrels. In 1054 after the split of Christianity, Catholics, was proclaimed "the doctrine of the Resurrection." Another theory explains the appearance of stigmata manifestation expressiveness and intensity of religious art of the time. In the fashion came in naturalistic scenes of Christ's passion, which caused a storm of emotions in the faithful.
French physician Barn — Gubre in the 19th century has been described 300 cases of stigmata, which were based on the historical record, but most of his posts to date are considered to be unreliable. He is considered a Catholic fanatic who created their work with enthusiasm, without a critical approach. The latest estimates of experts over the last eight hundred years, was found about 406 verified cases of stigmata stigmatov.68% of carriers — the Catholics, the rest belong to various sects.
More than 1,000 believers believe that the stigmata — the manifestation of God, but many believe that the stigmata — the diabolical deed. Vatican extremely cautious about signs of manifestations of Christ's Passion. Usually to church zakonizirovala fact manifestations of stigma on a person must be at least 100 years. Doctors and priests, who appointed the Vatican to clarify the manifestations of stigma and carefully studied each of the cases, their appearance, taking all the "pros" and "cons."
The Church recognizes the same as the stigmata appear in public, while having an inexplicable and wonderful nature, but in some cases, the church believes that the sources of stigma to seek a psychiatrist, because many who bear the stigmata, have pronounced symptoms of hysteria. In some cases, people wearing the stigmata, indicated the presence of a variety of clinical syndromes, too little self-esteem, a tendency to self-torture. In a separate group of carriers stigmata are those who believe that the wounds appeared after contact with extraterrestrial beings. The most famous by far is the bearer of the stigmata of a resident of Italy on behalf of Giorgio Bondzhovani. He tells his audience that the origin of his body the stigmata associated with the meeting with the aliens.
One can assume that these personages themselves inflict self-injury, but it is actually stigmatizm — is a more complex phenomenon. The fact is that, as a rule, stigmatiki not remember having received wounds and have lots of evidence that the signs of Christ's passion, in spite of their treatment, reappears on the bodies of the carriers, and in the same places.
One doctor from Italy named Marco Marnelli conducted several experiments with the carrier stigmata Lo Bianco. Studies have shown that after the stigmata on his body were healed, not once appeared on his body. The doctor to the patient in a trance, in which he saw the cross and rosary. American resident Ethel Champery received the stigmata on her hands, while she was in the hospital, where he lay unconscious, she saw the scene of his crucifixion.
Since stigmatiki get their wounds while in a trance, the proponents of rational thinking suggest that the signs of Christ's passion are psychosomatic. But believers still continue to treat stigmatikam as God's chosen ones. Added to this is a lot of stories about what stigmatiki tend to levitate, the wounds of people with signs passion of Christ supposedly comes a wonderful and pleasant aroma. These cases tend to have explainable nature.
Church experts believe that stigmatizm not be attributed to the phenomenon. Most of the stigmata are very humble origin, but many cases they appear truly can not be explained rationally. This phenomenon is very complex, it weaved psychosomatic, supernatural and natural causes. Perhaps this phenomenon would still be able to explain some day, and now people have to believe in miracles.
"The Earth Chronicles," Wednesday, 1/30/2013