Temple of Artemis at Ephesus

Temple of Artemis, one of the Seven Wonders of the World. It was built in the city of Ephesus in the 5th century BC. e. Artemis — Goddess of the Moon, a fertility goddess, patroness of all life depended on it a happy family and even the birth of children. A majestic church built in her honor.

For the construction of the temple invited architect Hersifrona. He proposed to build the Temple of Artemis in marble. Hersifron managed to erect walls and columns. After the unexpected death Hersifrona completed construction Metagalaxy his son Demetrius and architects and peons. About 450 BC was finally completed construction of the Temple of Artemis at Ephesus.

The beauty and grandeur of the structure of all admiration and delight. Width — 51 meters, length — 105 meters, height — 18 meters. The roof of the temple was made of marble slabs. Around the Temple of Artemis in two rows lined up 127 columns. One of the attractions of construction — 36 columns, which were almost life-size decorated with reliefs. They are now in the British Museum.

The most expensive decoration of the temple — the majestic statue of Artemis made of gold and ivory. In decorating the church attended by the famous Greek masters. In the Temple of Artemis at Ephesus, put their pictures Appeles. Enjoyed great fame Gallery Artemisiona placed in the temple. The Temple of Artemis was richly decorated by citizens and pilgrims, it was a lot of gold and silver statues, which were presented in the gifts.

The history of the Temple of Artemis at Ephesus, mysterious as the story of the other seven Wonders of the World. This structure was destroyed several times and then restored, making it hard to tell exactly how it was in reality. In 263 BC. e. Goths sacked the shrine. Remains of columns and fragments that are lying on the ground — this is what's left of the Temple of Artemis at Ephesus today.

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