Tornadoes — the younger brother of Hurricane

 Comparing these two natural phenomena, it is clear that the nature and structure is the same. Both vortices and both are born of the slipstream. This is clearly seen in the photographs of Jupiter, where its red spot is a vortex formed by two air flows.

Tornado (tornado) is formed, in contrast to the hurricane, mostly on land and smaller. The destructive force he sometimes does not yield a hurricane, only on a smaller scale. The second factor tornado, in my opinion, is fairly high flow, rising vertically from the heated air of a land site. Caught between two opposing currents of air, upstream begins to twist and converted into a tornado. Influence on the strength of a tornado storm clouds that shield areas of the land and thus prevent the penetration of rising air in the upper atmosphere, which, in turn, affects the duration of the tornado. To date, the science that studies the tornado can only say his appearance, for early warning of the population of his approach, located in the path of a tornado. Is it possible to influence the route that moves the monster and himself? This, of course, a question.


 In the U.S., due to the tornado killed more than 300 people and destroyed thousands of homes.

In the U.S., due to the tornado killed more than 300 people and destroyed thousands of homes The route of the tornado is determined, first of all, the general direction in which the clouds are moving in the area. In practice, however, tornadoes, generally maintaining this direction, constantly picks, leaning hard enough on the route of the clouds. What makes him do it? Apparently unevenly warmed surface areas of land (or water). The rising warm air creates a vacuum at the bottom of the pressure drop, where, and rushes from all sides over the cool air. If in the vicinity of the site is a tornado, it will naturally tighten there. Obtaining additional charging from rising air, tornadoes increases. Most warmed plots, the general background temperature areas are the cities and towns. Typically, they are — and then visits the tornado, causing great destruction. What conclusions can be drawn from the above? It becomes possible to more accurately predict the path of the tornado, by setting the temperature, permanent, sensors around the cities and towns. The monitor in the services control tornado is visible, real-time temperature map of a particular area with the position of the general path the tornado. This will be more likely to predict the direction of change in the way the tornado. To protect cities and towns will need to reduce the overall temperature of the area, watering roads and roofs with water, as the most heated areas. Further protect the city from tornadoes can smoke will be adjacent to the city areas. It is known that the fight against spring frosts that damage already blooming buds and flowers are used smoke. The temperature of the smoke-filled area in the country increased by 2 — 3 degrees. How can this be done? To date, the armies have powerful machine on tank base for smoke-screens. The city, where there are threats of a tornado, get similar machines.

Places where tornadoes may form on the map in orange

With the threat of a tornado, a car is put forward his side and putting a smoke screen for a tornado carries, taking it from the town, without fear that he (tornado) hurt this car, because its weight exceeds 50 tons costs of such protection from tornadoes, not commensurate lower cost of the damage caused ravages of tornadoes. Is it possible to influence this monster? Let's try to put the following experience. Take a bottle or container to the cooler. Fill with water and invert. Water flows, creating a vacuum inside the bottle, which, in turn, prevents the leakage. Against the flow of water will burst bubbles, also preventing it from leaking. Now repeat the experience, but turning the bottle, unwind from inside the water. Centrifugal force of the water on the walls of the flattened bottles and in the middle of the effluent a hole through which will include outdoor air, without encountering the obstacles being created to compensate for the dilution. In the first case, we see the process of turbulent water drain (messy), and the water flows slowly, in the second case — laminar (ordered) — water flows quickly. Try taking the second case, for a moment to block the outlet of the bottle with your finger. The water will settle rapidly and the process water is flowing move from laminar to turbulent. Now transfer the experience to come a tornado. Ordered vortex has laminar. One can assume the following scenario. Monitoring service detects the birth of a tornado and follow his route, with the threat of locality, passes the information to the airfield, which is prepared for such cases the aircraft.

Since it launched fighter with missiles explosive action. He flies to the tornado and puts a guided missile into the bottom of the tornado. Rocket explosion in this place will be like our finger in the second experiment. Laminar flow to turbulent vortex will that pay off and the tornado as at this moment in this place might not be the rising column of upward flow of warm air, which is the trigger for the formation of tornadoes.

Michael Zosimenko.

Category: Hurricanes

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