Willow, willow, willow, wicker, Lozina, willow (Latin Sálix) – Woody plant; genus Willow family (Salicaceae). In everyday speech often use the word "willow". So that's some willows, mostly bush, their zarosli.Ochen common and very famous in the middle part of the Russian Federation plants ("willow", "Rakitova kustochek"). Most of the species of willows love humidity and settle in damp places, as in dry places (on the slopes, sand, etc.) and bogs grow a few species are comparable. Found in forests and willow, as a substitute to other trees. There are more than 170 species of willows, vserasprostranennyh priemuschestvenno in the cold regions of the Northern Hemisphere, where the willow enters the Arctic Circle.
Several taxa grow in the tropics.
In North America – more than 65 species, of which only 25 are making the size of the tree. Most of the willow – small trees or bushes of 10-15 m, but there are willow height of 30-40 m and a diameter of more than 0.5 m often found their interspecies modification. Different types of willow are named: willow, willow, shelyuga, willow (large trees and shrubs, priemuschestvenno in the western regions of the European part of Russia); vine, willows (shrub species); tal, willow (mostly shrub species in the eastern regions of the European part, in Siberia and Central Asia).
With the ability to adventitious roots give just breed willow cuttings and even sticks. Foliage in some species willows thick, curly, greenish color, others more rare drafty, gray-green or gray-white color. Fruit – box, dehiscing with 2 valves. Seed is very shallow, covered with snow-white fluff, very easy, freely transferable wind over long distances. Willow seeds in the air remain germination continued only a few days, once in the same water at the bottom aqua pools, they retain their ability to germinate during a couple of years. Here is the reason that dried ditches, ponds, silt gryazyuka, bailed out when cleaning the pond or river, from time to time abundantly covered in comparable time kutsee willow shoots.
Willow roots characterized by abundant development and countless ramifications and therefore particularly useful for strengthening somewhat lax soil and sand (Shelyuga, willows Caspian). Breeding willow be successfully used in the regulation of mountain streams, securing the shores of canals and rivers, dams slopes (snow-white willow, willow fragilis) continuity and stingrays. In erosion plantations in forest-steppe and steppe regions (snow-white willow, willow fragilis, willows switchgrass) for shelterbelts and roadside shelterbelts more mokrovatyh soils detention volatile movement of continental sands.
Willow tree species very light and soft, rapidly decaying, goes to many crafts. Leafy branches Willows is fed to animals, especially goats and sheep. Valuable honey plants. Willow bark of many (for example, grayish, goat, snow-white) are used for tanning leather. Young willow branches are used in the Orthodox tradition on Palm Sunday instead of palm leaves.