Mutations of climate confusing scientists

Climate change not only contribute to the increase of solar activity, which can lead to skin cancer in humans. The sun’s rays dry up the river, burn pastures and lead to the growth of deserts on the planet. These changes are often very unpredictable and dramatic population as the cause disasters like tsunamis, hurricanes, or earthquakes,

Last week there unexplained increases in water temperature in the Pacific ocean, what worries scientists of the United States and Australia.

According to research scientists, published in the journal information published by the Ministry of foreign Affairs, celebrated new change — mutation — of the phenomenon of El Nino, which is the reason that at the present time more warm water currents are in the Central — the Equatorial zone of the Pacific ocean, and not in the Eastern Equatorial, as it was before. Scientists warn about the potential severe winter season, similar to or worse than was experienced by Ecuador in 1982 and 1998, when the rains had washed away the road, the river flooded the city and whole communities, blanking all planting crops. In Ecuador in 1982 killed 600 people, and losses due to long rains amounted to millions of dollars.

During the last registered of the phenomenon of El Nino in 1998, on the coast of Ecuador were recorded heavy rains that destroyed the highway, settlements and agricultural planting, while in the mountainous areas was dominated by drought. In Central America, this phenomenon has caused significant rainfall in the Caribbean and on the Pacific coast was recorded drought. In Colombia, Venezuela and Guyana rain lacked that inevitably affected the fertility of the soil is part of the landings just withered away. In the Amazonian Selva also reigned drought, which led to the increase in the number of forest fires. The Northern coast of Brazil suffered from a deficiency of precipitation, and in the South it was too hot and stuffy. The coast of Argentina and Uruguay poured rain.

This year the southern hemisphere — Argentina, Chile and Peru — have suffered the most severe winter and the bitter cold in its history. Several hundred people were frozen and killed cattle. Scientists believe that the possible changes of the phenomenon of El Nino can lead to very devastating consequences for the region. The report of the American experts said that this mutation phenomenon has contributed to changes in the profiles of precipitation and dry periods throughout the world and complicates the unstable seasonal variations of weather. Last week, Mexico, Guatemala and El Salvador have experienced the worst in the last decade the rainy period.

According to Michael McPhaden, employee of marine environmental laboratory of the Institute of Oceanography and atmospheric phenomena USA, probably a mutation El Nino is a consequence of the evolution of the climate.

Jose Luis Santos, Deputy Dean of the faculty of marine engineering and Sciences Polytechnic High school of the Coast (Espol), does not consider what is coming next rainy season on the coast. He said that registered colder temperatures than usual, and the lack of rainfall, therefore, most likely, the winter will be delayed and precipitation will start only in February that it will adversely affect agriculture of Ecuador. However, despite the postponement of the onset of the winter season, this does not exclude the beginning of the heavy rains at the beginning of winter.


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