FARM

FARM

separate cross. x-raising, with the settlement of. or Art., in a rum hut and households. buildings were located near the communal lands and / agricultural land. Plot cross. land on the to-ing did not take place relocation host called a cut in Russian. W. before the start of the XX century. H. called in DOS. settlements of Cossack Art., to-rye were as odnodvornymi and mnogodvornymi.

Spread of H. W. belongs to the second floor. XIX century. and due to the colonization movement and host. land development, including through the purchase of the property and the land lease cross. t-you. Massive creation and cuts H. W. was associated with the implementation of the Stolypin agrarian reform. The reform was formed H .: in Perm. lips. 1587 in Ufa Province. -1435, In Vyatka 615 simultaneously developed with / x infrastructure (transport, credit, cooperation, agronomic assistance). The ideologists of the agrarian reform seen in H. households. ideal, market-oriented, allowing you to apply intensive and capital-intensive methods of x-va, the scope for personal initiative of farmers.

By the beginning. 1916 on communal lands as a result of land was formed 35.9 thousand. Hamlets and cuts on the Square. 604771 dec., Or 2.1% of the cross. tenure in the U. in 1905 (except for. Orenbah. Province., where land surveying work is not carried out). On land purchased from the Peasant Land Bank, H. were formed on the Square. 35329 dec. (0.1%), cut to 158983 dec. (0.6%). On the lands of the treasury was concluded 300 transactions in the acquisition of individual ownership of 4007 dec. (0.01%).

During the First World. and civil. Wars by H. decreased. Decrease the number. husband. us., mat. base looted or destroyed. H. contributed to the revival of the New Economic Policy. The socialization of the individual cross. x-in was followed by a violent elimination of H. As collectivization, resettled farmers with small and H. us. points in the collective farm village. and state farm settlement. In accordance with the post. The Central Committee of the CPSU (b), and SNK on May 27, 1939 On measures of protection of public lands from squandering it was decided to eliminate Sep 7. 1940 all the hamlet village. As of June 1, 1940 in Bash. was Scelle 3582 farm (95%), in Sverdl. region. H. 2551 (98%). H. as a form of villages. resettlement and type with / x Mfr. became an extremely rare and unusual for a unitary phenomenon.

Author: Bersenyev VL, Denisevich MN

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