Finno-Ugric Peoples

Finno-Ugric Peoples

peoples speaking Finno-Ugric (Finno-Ugric) lang. Finno-Ugric lang. constitute one of the two branches (along with Samoyed) ur. lang. family. Linguistic principle Frank-U.N. are divided into groups: Finnic (Finns, Estonians, Izhorians, Vepsians, Livs, Vod), perm. (Komi Zyrians, Permian Komis, Udmurtia), Ugric (Khanty, Mansi, Hungarians), Mordovia (Mordvinians-Moksha, Mordvinians-Erzya), Mari (Mari) and Sami (Lapps). F.-U.N. settled on the ter. Northwestern. Europe from Scandinavia to the U., Volga-Kama region, the Lower and Mid. Tobol region. Num. Russia in approx. 4.4 million people. (1983).

In anthropological terms, the majority of AF-U.N. belongs to Europe. race, with the exception of Ob-Ugric peoples (Khanty and Mansi), to-rye relate to ur. anthropological type; ancient Mongoloid and Caucasoid mix of features observed in Saami.

Grouping F.-U.N. stands for lang. principle, they share a common origin. It is assumed that in ancient times there was a community of people who speak Finno-Ugric prayaz. The origin of AF-U.N. complicated by a number of issues at the Inst. there is no consensus. According to Naib. common point of view, prafinno-Ugric lang. separated from prasamodiyskogo at the turn of VI-V millennium BC. The ancestors of the present-day. F.-U.N. maintained relative unity until the end of III millennium BC. (Finno-Ugric era), occupied ter. D & Rec. Urals may have lived and at certain neighboring district tries. In the era of the Finno-Ugric contact is made with the Indo-Iranians, to-rye reflected in the language and mythology of Frank-U.N. At the end of the beginning III. II millennium BC. there was a division of the Finno-Ugric and perms. branches. In the process of resettlement in the III and II millennium BC. Finno-permtsev in the west. towards a gradual separation of independent groups of languages ​​(Finnic, Mordovia, Mari, perm.). The Sami are the result of the transition of the autochthonous us. Far Northern Europe to one of the Finno-Ugric lang. Probably the Finno-Ugric lang. previously said tribes Mary Moore, have fallen by the end of the I millennium AD. on vost.slavyanskie lang. Ugric group lang. collapsed to Ser. I millennium. .; BC Baltic-Finnish to beg. BC .; perm. to the VIII. BC During the development of a separate Department. groups FA-U.N. played a large part of their contacts with Iranian, Baltic, Germanic, Slavic (Eastern Slavic peoples), the Turkic peoples.
Lit .: Languages ​​of the Peoples of the USSR. M., 1966, Vol.3. Finno-Ugric and Samoyed languages: Fundamentals of the Finno-Ugric linguistics. M., 1974-1976. MY. 1-3; Hajdu P. Uralic languages ​​and peoples. M., 1985.

Author: Martynov EP

Comments are closed.

Tags: , , , , ,

Site "Survival in the wild nature", glad to see you. If you come to us, it means you want to get complete information about survival in a variety of extreme conditions, in emergency situations. Man, throughout the development, sought to preserve and protect themselves from the various negative factors surrounding it - cold, heat, hunger, dangerous animals and insects.

Site structure "Survival in the wild nature" is simple and logical, selecting a specific section, you will find information. You will find on our website recommendations and practical advice on survival, unique descriptions and pictures of animals and plants, turn-based scheme to trap wild animals, tests and reviews of travel gear, rare books on survival and wildlife. The site also has a large section devoted to video on survival survivalist-known professionals around the world.

The main theme of the site, "Survival in the wild nature" - is to be ready to be in the wild, and the ability to survive in extreme conditions.

The Survival in the wild nature - how correctly to behave, it having appeared in an emergency situation. Ability to find a way out from any situation: to kindle a fire, to put traps, to prepare food, to arrange dwelling and a lodging for the night; to learn to knit knots, to clear water, to be guided by districts, correctly to choose equipment, a knife. Also you can download directories to tourists, encyclopedias survivals, video Bear Grills to Survive at any cost (Man vs. Wild).