Sports injuries. What to do? | The survival encyclopedia


Sports injuries. What to do?

Various injuries — constant companions athletes. What to do if there is no sports doctor?

You can learn about this from our table.

State

the victim

First aid

Tips

Athlete

lost

consciousness

Turn the victim on his chest and lay in his comfortable for breathing posture. Free his mouth from foreign objects (broken teeth, blood clots, dirt, ETC)

Do not place the victim face down, turn the face to one side

Broken

bone

Apply a bandage or splint

Do not attempt to lay down a broken bone independently

Injured persons

Seat the patient and attach to his black eye something cold. Clamp a bleeding nose with two fingers and hold it there for a few minutes. Rinse eyes if they hit the dirt or sand

Do not attempt further to stop the blood, if you are unable to do this for half an hour. Contact your doctor. Do not rinse eyes antiseptic preparations

Cuts and abrasions

Thoroughly wash and disinfect scrapes. See your doctor, if you can’t clean the wound from dirt. Remember that a poorly healed abrasion leave scars

Don’t forget to tetanus injection if the abrasion has got a lot of dirt. Do not consume too pungent disinfectant drugs

Care of the feet

Thoroughly wash your feet after a workout, that there was no fungus

Not parte feet in very hot water

Cramps

Slowly continue to do the exercise. Take a warm shower, and then let the water also

Do not sit in the hot tub, trying to steam the muscle. Do not discontinue abruptly training

Pain in the joint, tumor tissue

It’s probably stretching the ligaments, muscles, tendons, etc. Pristroje the injured limb above and attach to the injured place a cold compress (e.g., soaked in cold water towel). Half an hour later the joint tightly sabinaite

Not parte leg and do not try to pull it upravlja dislocation

Dislocation: the limb is swollen and blue, severe pain when moving

Provide rest and immobility of the affected limb using the retention bandages

Do not let the victim to move and call an ambulance

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