The rapid rush to the East!

    In Nizhny Tagil archive is open to dating, explore the secret material on a military hospital in 2929 for number of prisoners of war of the Germans, Austrians, Poles, Hungarians, Romanians, Japanese and other nationalities who fought against the Soviet Union in the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945.

The rapid rush to the East!    In the Archive, on the hospital indicated its coordinates. Know where there is a cemetery of dead in the hospital, and before that in the camp № 153. Going to find objects half a century ago.

    The place where the hospital for a long time included in the industrial zone NTMK Coke North UralVagonZavod village, and the old buildings here long ago demolished because of decay. A cemetery even not have to look here it is, next to the village churchyard civil mine III International. But this is not a cemetery in the conventional view, and fenced, furnished and well-kept grounds, where there are two commemorative memorial sign a five-meter metal cross to the Germans, who died from wounds and disease during World War II, another sign of the deceased to the Hungarians. Burial mounds have been preserved. Disposal area is well aligned, sprinkled with fertile land, and now here is fragrant blooming meadow grass. Talk about the restoration and the personification of the graves does not make sense, but today it is possible to restore the cemetery book in the archive almost all the names of the deceased, date of birth and death.

    There is no set commemoratives Austrians, Romanians, Poles, Japanese, Ukrainians. Is to be hoped that this lapse will eventually eliminated, and then there is formed a kind of memorial center in memory and a warning to the world community about it. so to speak, "Fourth International"That irony is in the territory nashenskie, "Third International", The historical fact is forgotten almost all the villagers if patriotic reasons and ever knew anything. This Comintern dissolved May 15, 1943, and the name of the village one of the most squalid and criminalized areas of the city, and hanging on funerary tablets, signs of its institutions. Prosperity of the economic power of the neighborhood is not detected

    Brief background. Hospital number 2929 was part of the Third Byelorussian Front. After the war ended 19 June 1945 relocated to the city of Birobidzhan Jewish Autonomous Region, as the military action at this time were transferred to fight the Japanese "military machine". Here Hospital immediately received the first batch of Japanese prisoners of war dying in a panic withdrawal of the Kwantung Army.

    By the end of hostilities on the Eastern Front, it was decided to relocate the hospital in Nizhny Tagil, where the construction sites of the city began to receive thousands of prisoners of war and internees from camps in Germany and other European countries. Echelons of the Soviet soldiers who fell into German captivity, were at this time in the East side of Chukotka, Kolyma, Indigirka Simultaneously Lena from Nikolaev-on-Amur was sent to the base hospital Tagil number 878, to connect it with spetsgospitalem number 2929, located now in subordinate to the Ministry of Interior of the USSR.

    Immediately after the war "Tagil island gulag" significantly thinned. Almost half released under an amnesty in 1945, and at the end of more than 13 thousand people.

    In 1943 in the area around the village and the Pioneer mine III International was re-organized and placed number 153 camp for beginners, prisoners of war, and a year later appeared the camp number 245 of a similar structure with field Uralvagonzavod and Vysokogorskom iron mine. In these camps contained at the beginning of 1946 about 11 thousand prisoners. There is an urgent need for medical care to the sick and wounded cheap labor. Each worker gave daily net profit of about 14 rubles it was in year more than 120 million rubles.

    The first batch number of 409 people took the hospital in August 1947. Assigned to a hospital in the area 48600 square meters, fenced perimeter of 900 meters. There used to be the first branch of the camp number 153 and placing it infirmary is 10 frame-Sediment barracks and huts 6 total area of ​​2262 square meters. Buildings require major repairs.

    Initially, patients were placed in bunk bunks in the common areas of 60-80 people.

    Intended number of beds -1100 actually deployed beds with bunks wagon-type on 1,050 per patient accounted for 2.2 m. m. factor lighting -20%. Ventilation systems not only are the vents, but they can not be used because of factory chimneys, located around the hospital is detrimental effect on tuberculosis patients, which in the majority of the total weight, on February 1, 1948, those were hospitalized 164 people.

    Equipped with sanitary inspection capacity of 30-40 people per hour. There disinfection chamber (dry air vosheboyka) processing 50 sets of clothing per hour.

    Hospital supplied with water from a particular water pump gorvodoprovod located 20 meters from the zone. The physical properties of the water turbid. Fed regularly, mostly at night. Sewerage is not available, there are 12 pit latrines type. Cleaning and removal are carried out horse transport at night.

    For the repair of linen, uniforms and shoes and shoe shops worked tailor.

    When recovery and discharge from the hospital to the camp internees and prisoners of war gets a good second-hand clothing for the season. Repatriated received new uniforms.

    The structure of the hospital is formed as follows: July 31, 1946 was appointed head of the Major Medical Service Sahno Philip Nikolaevich, who graduated in 1940, the Crimean Medical Institute named after Stalin, where he specialized in neurosurgery. He served in the hospital until November 1948 and retired in order Tagillaga MIA.

    In the management of hospital services included: command, the account of, the administrative part of the medical department and its surgical, therapeutic, physical therapy, X-ray, dental office, laboratory, pharmacy, reception.

    Protection regime and engaged deputy. Head of the hospital and 13 watchmen. Operational work performed detective and translator.

    At the disposal of the chief financial security were deputy. on food-forage supply, two Warehouse Manager, Senior Fireman, the financial part, kitchen, dining with the chef and dietary sister, Head of Transport and a driver.

    Vehicular fleet consisted of 4 trucks and 6 horses. No garage. No rubber. Parts no. Vehicles were needed to transport materials and food, as well as for delivery to the hospital inmates from the station Nizhny Tagil. In good weather, transporting vehicles, and in the rain, sleet, snow drifts on the roads-on horses harnessed to a cart or sled. Curative section was staffed by specialists incomplete.

    Head of the medical unit was appointed December 27, 1947 Gordin Israel Berkowitz, a graduate of the Minsk Medical Institute. But worked in the hospital just before 1 April 1948. Head of department appointed:

    Nikolai Vasilev Maksimovic, born in 1911,

    Punks Nikita Gurevich, 1898 year of birth,

    Eremenko Vasily F., 1907 year of birth,

    Neljubova head of the X-ray department. She spent 465 fluoroscopy in 400 patients. The management of the laboratory instructed Major medical service Kamelgak. Per month of the laboratory of clinical analysis issued in 2237.

    The main drawback in the absence of a TB staffing, and it is even more unfortunate that the bulk of patients were tubercular, sometimes up to 170 people are being treated at the same time. Later, this problem was solved, and the head of the tuberculosis department became captain of medical service Gorjacheva.

    As part of the surgical department organized a dental office under the command of Major Orlov. Only in December 1947 recorded 141 primary dentists, 69 repeated. Served 23 civilians, 14 officers and 63 members of families.

The rapid rush to the East!    Second place in the incidence of cardiovascular. Next dystrophy, beriberi (February 1, 1948 in the hospital had 917 patients, including cases of dystrophy and vitamin deficiency in 415 people).

    At this time in the hospital, there are 36 doctors, paramedics, pharmacists. Half of the doctors surgery. Nine paramedics worked as senior nurses. Further work in the state of 27 doctors and paramedics of the number of prisoners of war, 22 of them are located separately from the doctor’s patients and for improved feed rate number 5.

    Lack of nursing staff made up by students of medical schools in Nizhny Tagil. Medics administered by necessity of the number of prisoners of war. The hospital has an X-ray study, it was opened in 1944 in the hospital camp № 153. The consultation for the patients had to be invited from the public health service ophthalmologist, dermatologist, neurologist and other doctors.

    Of medical equipment fizkabinetov was everything you need: apparatus for measuring blood pressure two, two UHF devices, thermometers hundred nosilok- 167 pieces, lamps "Solux" or six, and many other devices for physiotherapy of all 27 items.

    But always there is some shortage of medicine -glucose diuretina especially penicillin, merkuzala. These medicines are allocated in the required amount, but have always been overrun.

    In medical practice, not without the mortality. On a reported basis, for the January 1948 deaths of 12 people is 0.96% of the total number of patients. For every case the report includes a certificate of medical history, diagnosis, adjusted, and later mortem his confirmation. For example, the patient Capek German Johann Anton, born in 1905, entered the camp number 84 with a diagnosis of open, infiltrative pulmonary tuberculosis. Ill January 20, 1947, was in the hospital. In the hospital, diagnosed with updated sided pulmonary tuberculosis in the phase of destruction and contamination, tuberculosis of the larynx and intestines. By the time and circumstances of this diagnosis is hardly compatible with life.

    In the hospital, there are part-time farm, bakery, kitchen, laundry room. Bakery provides bread and even children’s colony prisoners. In the provision of food is not a problem in the warehouse stores a month’s supply of flour, groats different, meat, fish, fat, sugar and vegetables.

    Amount of dietary tables 8 to dystrophic organized split meals 5 times a day. For seriously ill patients at the request of physicians preparing individual table. Calorie-3515, largely respected.

    Medical observation of power done by the physician and nutritionist Kamelgakom Tarasova. For the maintenance of one patient in 1949 accounted for 486 rubles 16 kopecks per month.

    Considerable help in catering was allotted land in the area is Petrokamenskom seventy kilometers from Tagil.

    In the act of October 5, 1948 Vegetable and Potato Head Hospital Colonel Zelnitsky confirms with his signature that harvested 80 tons of potatoes, 15 tons of vegetables. 9 tons of salted cabbage. Another 35 tons of harvested and will be removed in the repository to the hospital on 15 October.

    But a day later Zelnitsky urgently sends a memo to Sverdlovsk, chief SCHVO Interior Ministry Major General Vershinin:

    "With more than a year since the hospital relocated in Nizhny Tagil from the Far East, but in the meantime, despite our repeated insistence, no one let us tire and spare parts for vehicles.

    Currently, due to the lack of rubber and given the poor state of the vehicle was in the hospital a catastrophic situation. Vegetables partially removed, hay and straw left in the field, firewood in the forest, etc.

    As you can see, the picture is very sad and inevitable in the absence of transport. Life hospital paralyzed. I, as head of the hospital, in despair. The situation is intolerable and requires immediate correction. Your intervention and assistance are needed. Help!"

    Medical care to patients at the time was quite sufficient. This is according to a report from August 1947 to January 1950 period. hospital received 5216 husbandly and 55 women. Written out and repatriated 4,996 men and 52 women. 169 men died. Over the years, the hospital took sick prisoners from other regions of Ufa, Molotov (Perm), Novosibirsk, Chelyabinsk regions. February 9, 1949 from the hospital after treatment was supposed to send in Kemerovo Camp 503 number seven prisoners of war of the Japanese. On this occasion, in the order of the Interior Ministry of the Sverdlovsk region said:

    1 Dispatch of Japanese prisoners of war to make to the destination from the hospital under guard vahterskoy protection in a passenger train.

    2 Before sending them produce sanitization with the change of underwear, to give high-quality clothing and shoes, dress them strictly according to the season.

    3 Issue a prisoner of war at the hands of their personal belongings, valuables and documents.

    All 4 are sent to provide food for the whole journey.

    Order was signed by the deputy. Head of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Sverdlovsk region, Lieutenant General Kryvenko.

    But the sad fact is that sent to the camp only six. One person is sick open tuberculosis and left the hospital as a non-transportable. Who is he? The list of the dead at the hospital in recent years, Japanese names appear: Danio Tatsumasi, Losida Kenji, Josephus Iosiharo, Ikegama Mezo, Iosizava Takezo, Kusun Isao, Matsuda Seonti, Noguchi Masada Gu, Takeo Nishitani, Natori Iosiharu, Nakagawa Kamet Goro Otasiro Itio, Shibata Masato Sakai gene th, Takahashi Suehara, Fudzihara Siozo, Hozio Sigeesi, Tsuji Takeo.

    When reporting on mortality in the hospital for the first half of February 1948 was listed one Japanese born in 1920, died of tuberculosis intoxication, it was Tatsumasi zebrafish, the same seven soldiers. He is buried in the cemetery of the hospital.

    Incidentally, the land for the cemetery was set aside the decision of the City Council of Nizhny Tagil? 268 for 1944 in two kilometers south of the village of mine III International apart from the Orthodox cemetery of Soviet citizens. The plot began "master" dead prisoners from the camp number 153 from March 1945. From March 1949 to June 1950 in the cemetery buried their dead in the hospital. 470 graves here in twenty squares, in which the corpses were buried in 1725 and interned prisoners, including children.

    The site was fenced in three or four poles in height. Above each grave had gravestones mark labeled her rooms and square.

    There are also difficulties in staffing civilian, particularly watchmen. Head of the hospital on the issue wrote a letter to the same general Kryvenko: "Civilian hospital janitors get only 400 rubles, and for rations have to pay 360-370 rubles. Deductions for state bond issue 50-60 rubles. Thus, they do not get your hands on the money, and still have 30-40 rubles. This situation makes it difficult hiring watchmen. Ask your petition the staffing levels in the direction of increasing the salary Wachter hospital, equating them to camps Wachter".

    Disciplinary practice involved prisoners and staff employees of the hospital. Misconduct reflected in the monthly reports. Among the patients were regularly conducted searches. For the third quarter in 1948 found:

    1 nail files and file -15

    2 Knives improvised -18

    3 Different notes. In war of the working team found a potato storage and unnecessary rags under the pillow, a pillow under the mattress.

    Another episode: "Second Lieutenant Nesterov PV, non-partisan, in the lists of the repatriation of illegally brought in them the names of prisoners of war, are not subject to repatriation, for operational reasons, as having incriminating themselves. The civilian nurse Alexander Pankov Evlampievna, nonpartisan, late for work for 15 minutes. Warned of job loss in the event of the slightest remarks".

The rapid rush to the East!    Head first surgical department Lieutenant Medical Service Gorjachev brings a report of the chief of the hospital:

    "Hairdresser Kurnyavko duty tactless treated patient Saidov. Kurnyavko invited him to open his mouth and stick his tongue. Saidov did so, and at this point Kurnyavko spent Saidov Language brush with soap and water. The patient was extremely pissed Saidov".

    There has been a breach of discipline interned Germans Runge AG Shop and GA March 14, 1950, they did not submit to a ward nurse and refused to cut their hair when sanitation, for which he had been arrested two days each with the content in the cooler. They were shaven. In the hospital, there sprout mood. But the shoots were recorded.

    But what is a case of war and interned inmates of the hospital, if we talk about their personal data?

    At the September 1948 total was in the hospital 598: one senior officer, officers 39 non-commissioned officers -144, -375 ordinary interned 39 people. By nationality, distributed as follows: 494 Germans, Hungarians, 25, -15 Romanians, Austrians 7 -1 Ukrainians interned 39.

    By party affiliation:

    -17 members of the fascist parties, members of the Social-Democratic parties 9, 46 of the NSDAP, Hitler Youth (Hitler Jugend-) 26, the Communists -1, 368 nonparty people. But in October, the number has almost doubled the Nazis, the Social Democrats was 29, Hitler Youth 35. military specialties first place belongs to the infantry 346 people. Then gunners -113 people sappers 46 people -34 tankers, the SS and the gendarmerie 24, contact 20, orderlies -18. Civilian personnel, there are 24 this locksmiths, carpenters, food industry workers, painters, carpenters, drivers, textile workers, blacksmiths (20 pers.), Doctors, builders and so on.. But without a degree 431 people.

    In age from 18 to 25 years 94 people, 25-35 273 people., 35-45 years 206 people., 45-50 46 people. Older than 50 to 16 people.

    Through Hospital 2929 passed a group of senior officers. Their five people:

    1 Bergt Walter Ernst, 1897 year of birth, a German major. From 1939 to 1945 he served in Norway, Yugoslavia, Czechoslovakia, in Vitebsk. Captured May 19, 1945 in Tabor (Czechoslovakia).

    2 Fritz Philipp Ganzer, 1892, a German major. Served since 1939 in Brandenburg, Tarnopol, Thessaloniki, in Czechoslovakia. Captured 05/09/45 in the city Kardubits (Czechoslovakia).

    3 Otto Friedrich Meyer, 1890 p., German, Major. Captivated by the May 9, 1945 in Velarn (Germany) American troops.

    4 Mall Adolberg Ernst, born in 1903., German, Major. He fought in France, Raisin, Brest, Debelits. Captivated by the May 9, 1945 in Winterberg.

    5 Jacob Schneider Mateas, 1896 p., A German colonel. The regimental commander of the 32nd Air Division. Captivated by the May 9, 1945 in Kenigrets (Czechoslovakia).

    In early January 1948 the hearth starts sending prisoners to their homeland.

    January 7, 1948 in Nizhny Tagil act was about ready to ship tier.

    "Carried out checking the status of tier number 98028, sent from the camp and №153 spetsgospitalya 2929 to sick and disabled prisoners of war by the Germans to their homeland through the camp number 69 in the city of Frankfurt an der Oder, in accordance with the order of the USSR Ministry of Internal Affairs №1078 of 15 October 1947 set:

    For loading prisoners served 28 cars, including 22 human and 6 for household needs,

    In human cars shipped 491: camp №153 355 people, 136 people out of the hospital.

    All patients prior to loading into the car subjected to repeated medical komissovaniyu in the camp and in the hospital. A medical examination established that all patients are shipped transportable, temperaturyaschih not. Of the total number of long-term disability 491 229 people. Disabled and chronically ill years.

    The cars are equipped with bunk bunks, stoves, toilets. In each human has a barrel for the carriage of water, a bucket to get food from the kitchen.

    The camp is equipped with a carload №153 easting boilers capacity to 1,175 liters. Every prisoner of war issued a bowl, spoon, mug.

    All mattresses are provided at the rate of 2 mattresses for 3 people. Patients and blankets are provided. Dressed contingent fit to wear uniforms and shoes for the season.

    Issued for each extra set of underwear.

    Food echelon provided for 20 days on hospital rate.

    Fuel procured in sufficient quantities, shipped 20 cubic meters of firewood, coal -16 tons -12 tons of peat. Entire contingent 5 January 1948 made a comprehensive sanitation disinfection with undergarments and uniforms.

    Medicines and bandages echelon provided based on 850 people in sufficient quantity.

    Head-tier Major Losev.

    Doctor tier Gritsenko.

    (A total of six signatures).

    In March 1949, continuing repatriation of prisoners from the camps of the Sverdlovsk region. According to the order of the Minister of Internal Affairs of the USSR for №00176 February 23 (Day of the Soviet Army!) Order was issued the MVD of the Sverdlovsk region, in which the head of the camp, and prescribes spetsgospitapya number 2929:

    "Create in each camp the necessary supply of food in put range, without substitutes, good quality. Prepare the required number of dishes, each prisoner of war should have a pot or bowl, cup, spoon, other equipment, to ensure getting in the way of hot meals three times a day.

    Before shipping to make an all-out comprehensive sanitation with change of underwear.

    All returnees for 3-5 days before they send them all to give due compensation premium. Each claim must be carefully examined, verified.

    In each tier include lagotdeleny of 10-15 people standouts production deserving extraordinary sent home. By selecting this category involve anti-fascist committees. About this alert all prisoners of war.

    Before sending a train to make a thorough check, search each prisoner of war, in order to exclude the possibility of trafficking abroad Soviet currency and classified information.

    Deputy. Head of the Ministry of Interior in the Sverdlovsk region, Lieutenant General Kryvenko". Of spetsgospitalya not ponezhat repatriation for operational reasons (having compromising) -185 people. Retained as non-transportable patients 9 people.

    At the same time received an order from Sverdlovsk:

    "Order № 10/2/928 on June 18, 1949

    Chief lieutenant colonel Zelnitskomu spetsgospitalya 2929, the city of Nizhny Tagil. Offered:

    disbandment of the camps at the Interior Ministry, the camp offices spetsgospitalya and individual labor battalions prisoners organized with them cemetery marked on charts and deliver them to carry out further surveillance local Interior Ministry.

    Oblige the chiefs of camps and hospitals in 2929 with the transfer of cemeteries put them in order: to fix the fence and markings in accordance with the cemetery book, correct gravestones mounds, etc.

    Head UPVI AMIA Sverdlovsk Colonel Petrov."

    * *

    In May 1949, Major Losev took another train number 98157 to be sent to the camp number 69 in Frankfurt an der Oder, 523 people. Echelon number 98378 depart 154 people.

    Echelon number 98663 took over 500 people to transfer to the camp returnees number 69 in Frankfurt.

    In August 1949 formed another train of 58 cars by 1605 people in 1195 are exempt people from Tagil camp number 153, 200 people from the hospital, and 210 prisoners of war from Karpinski camp № 504. Tagil filed 40 cars Verkhoturye -11, theological (Karpinski) 7 cars.

    Did not want to go back to Poland interned citizen Homanyuk Sergey Efimovich. In archive folder kept his statement to the head of the hospital in 2929 Zelnitskogo:

    "I interned Homanyuk SE, ask your petitions to higher authorities about leaving me in the Soviet Union. I do not want to go back to Poland, my homeland is because the Soviet Union. Born in 1917. My last place of residence of the city of Lodz. Occupation carpenter. I beg you not to refuse my request. 04/06/49 of Homanyuk Sergey E.

    There is speculation that Homanyuka petition was granted.

    Did not want to go back to Germany, to a favorite village in the district of Neudorf Oppeln, POW Boleslaw Jurek Thomas. He is a farmer, he was drafted into the German army August 15, 1939. Senior sergeant, a platoon commander. Captured July 28, 1944 in the city of Mogilev.

    Once he tried to hang himself in the hospital toilet. It was taken out of the loop. On another occasion, October 2, 1949, when" all watched the movie "They have a Homeland"He went away and hanged himself from the floor in the area of ​​on the fence haystacks. CPR 2:00

    Anatomist diagnosed: "Specific brain damage in the disease syphilis. Was partially paralyzed".

    Contingent of hospital patients is decreasing. Order of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the USSR №035 on January 14, 1950 spetsgospital 2929 translated from 500 beds to 300.

    Spetsgospital on its last legs. In the report for March 1950 states: "At this time, due to the presence of a small number of patients they are placed in three barracks.

    In the surgical ward staff delivered 100 beds. But here only 9 patients in the therapy division 140 beds. 43 patients in the women’s section 15 seats. And patients -15 people. In the surgical ward until there are 10 ophthalmic beds and five patients with ailments of the ear, nose and throat.

    In the therapeutic department now has 35 beds for consumptives and 20 seats for the neurotic. Among these there are violent.

    And now, the bulk being consumptive, their 48.8%. Second hold cardiovascular 11.6%".

    In January 1950, the staff of the hospital routine lives his life heals the sick, makes plans for strengthening "Soviet-military discipline" of personnel:

    A) meet regularly with senior staff on the state of Soviet-military discipline;

    B) spend obschegospitalnoe meeting on the topic: "The fundamental difference between the Soviet military and labor discipline of bourgeois";

    B) At least once a month to get acquainted with the life of the officer corps, to study the conditions of their lives, family relationships and the like:

    D) Spend an evening of personnel and their families, to hear a report on the international situation. In conclusion, motion picture, dance;

    D) Prepare a lecture on the topic: "Communist morality and education of the Soviet people".

    In April 1950, the hospital number 2929 departed this life

    A train-trains trudge "Cartage" speed to the West (Drang nach Westen!), sometimes standing idle for days at a deadlock.

    In prescribing the accompanying train there and so merciful item:

    "Heavy with immigrants in a way can be put into spetsgospitali stations: Mozhga Grigoryevskaya, Mouth, Rakityanskaya, Kuznetsk, Novocherkassk, Dnepropetrovsk, Zaporozhye, Kupyansk, Stalin, Chistyakov, White Church, Kursk, Borisov, Brest.

    For sanitation in the way points are installed throughout the USSR their 26 capacity points from 330 to 400 people per hour.

    Drang nach Westen! rapid displacement of the West is just as challenging as the one swift, bloody and senseless Drang nach Osten

    * *

    After serving in the army, I May 20, 1949 he entered the name of Stalin UralVagonZavod controller to the central measurement laboratory, "the abode optimetrov tools and boxes of tiles Johanson".

    Job sedentary, tedious, melkoskopnaya not for me. At lunchtime happy walking around native plant № 79. Here, close, working prisoners by the Germans. Young tanned. Speak softly and laconically.

    Bring lunch. They sit right on the warm asphalt. Menu without unnecessary ploys: pureed soup of peas or potatoes, and a good loaf of rye bread-ptyuha. Others draw a spoon soup bowl of gruel or pot, while others simply sip small sips without savoring, with a fair pauses in German accurate and rational calculation: saturation must occur before end food. So fight against hunger. To "get out of the table" absolutely "fed".

    After drinking the soup taken for bread, pinch off a small piece and chew for a long time to ferment carbohydrates saliva had split and the process of assimilation would naipolneyshim. Oh, they know that consumers-bustler nourish themselves not for the future, their food is absorbed almost half. On these dietary subtleties I learned later from Kudrevatykh theories about a separate feed. Not to be confused "sour with unleavened"!

    I remember once I went closer and somehow asked the young German, almost boys: "Wollen Sie rauchen?" (If you want to smoke?). I remember more of the ninth grade, and that’s before the real German schegolnul the purest Berlin dialect!

    He nodded his head, took a cigarette "Belomor" and put it behind your ear, "for later", Gratefully nodding and smiling stunning teeth.

    Then the Germans had built new facilities at the plant. As they walked out of the camp the column to work or back we had to wait by the road for a long time to cross the street. They are not in a hurry, they have almost a life sentence to 25 years at his brother and then went even our prisoners, and their even more. Sometimes the wait took about 20 minutes.

    I, compassionate nature, wished the same for both.

    When prisoners of war built the new city blocks Tagil, performed the hardest work at industrial sites, apparently, then dissolved itself in the mind of an enemy, he is born a war in which they and all of us, children of war, hostages were high and irresponsible politicians on both sides . I understood intuitively then, in the late forties, and confirmed in his opinion today, leafing through a bitter pages "top secret" cases of feasible saving lives miserable people of World War II. Last you?

    Half a century. Germany rose from the ashes, became the most powerful country in all respects Europe. Japan acquainted with the fear of the atomic bomb in Hiroshima and Nagasaki, acquainted with the shame and humiliation of a defeated nation. What is Japan today on the world map? I do not know, do not call me to curiosity and plain miserable possibility. For half a century we have such was about 50 million "winners"

Oleg Luzyanina.

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