1. Put it on all the warm clothing, including wool socks and a hat.
2. After that, pull a wet suit or overalls made of waterproof material.
3. Bring money and documents, putting them in impermeable package.
4. Grab the supply of potable water, food, medicines and equipment.
5. Wear a life jacket and submit on the radio
the distress signal, indicating their position.
DISTRESS SIGNALS SUPPLIED TO THE SEA
There are a number of internationally recognized signals having any one of which the captain of any ship must come to the aid of a vessel in distress.
Signals «Mayday», «Pam Pam» and Morse code
The most serious distress signal is the one that in Russian transcription sounds like «Mayday». It should be sent only in case, if you feel you are an exceptional danger and your position can be described as catastrophic.
If you need urgent help, but the danger is not so great (and if you notice a person overboard, but unable to help themselves), it is necessary to signal «Pam Pam» formed from the French word panne — «accident».
The signal «Mayday» served as follows:
• Set your transmitter on the frequency 2182 kHz.
• Say «Mayday» three times.
• Then just as clearly three times and say the name of the vessel.
• Repeat the word «Mayday» once and exactly once the name of the ship.
• After that, give your contact information, briefly describe the situation in which you were, and specify what kind of help you need.
• After completing the message, wait for a response time, and then repeat it again.
It should be noted that the knowledge of these signals is particularly important in cases when you are in international waters.
When you are in the territorial waters of their country, it is better to use Morse code.
There are a number of other ways to send the message that you need help:
• shots or other explosive signals, repeated more or less regularly with an interval per minute;
• continuous sound signal, which is usually served during fog (for example, the vague buzz Gong);
• launch flares on one piece at a time at short intervals;
• the signal SOS (three dots, three dashes, three dots), supplied in any way;
• the hanging of the signal flags representing the international Maritime language letters N and S (the first one on the second);
• fire on the ship (for example, burning resin or oily rags);
• smoke orange;
• slow lifting and lowering of outstretched hands.