Evacuation and dispersal of urban population | The survival encyclopedia


Evacuation and dispersal of urban population

Full article is taken from the book «The actions in wartime» Gromov and Vasiliev. Itself is a very interesting book, including materials in the subject of survival.
If suddenly someone interested try to lay out a link to the whole book.

Public action in preparation
to dispersal and evacuation
Removal of the population outside the major cities to rural areas can dramatically reduce the loss in the case of weapons of mass destruction in these cities.
Evacuation (dispersal) is preceded by notification of the population.
Procedure for notifying depends on where the notify (at work or at home), the availability of means of communication and other factors.
Thus, workers and employees who are at work on evacuation (dispersal) may be notified by radio of object or orally in workshops, departments, laboratories, etc. These same workers and employees after hours can be notified by phone or by messenger. Non-working population is notified through the housing office and house management.
Notification method in each case depends on local conditions and provides for the use of all available means of communication.
Received an order for dispersal (evacuation), workers and employees must prepare all the necessary thing to take with you. Each evacuee must disperse and take: — personal documents (passport, military ID card, diploma of education, children’s birth certificates), money; — Individual respiratory protection, first aid kit and anti-gas packages; — Food for 2-3 days; — Urgently needed items of clothing, shoes, underwear and toiletries.
Of food, depending on the individual needs of family members, including children, it is best to bring canned food, concentrates, smoked products, cheese, crackers, cookies, sugar and other nonperishable food, a flask (bottle) with water.
It is also desirable to have a pocket knife, matches, flashlight.
Particularly thoughtful approach is necessary for the selection of clothing, shoes and underwear. When determining them should come from the evacuation mode, geographic location, time of year.
During the evacuation (disperse) the total weight of combined transport with a things should not exceed 50 kg per person.
During the evacuation on foot each evacuee must take so many things and food, which he can bear.
When preparing to evacuate on foot particularly serious attention should be paid to the selection of shoes. Must wear a shoe that the march would not rubbed legs and consistent season.
During the evacuation (dispersal) transport prepared food and other things can be packed in suitcases, bags or backpacks, and if their evacuation on foot for easy carrying advisable put in a backpack or a duffel bag.
Since the preparation time for dispersal (evacuation) can be very limited, in every family, it is desirable to determine in advance and make a list of things and products that need to bring in a particular time of year.

3.3.2. Rules of conduct and action of the population at
evacuation and dispersal
Receiving an order to evacuate or dispersal, citizens must quickly prepare and place (if they have not been collected and stacked in advance) things, food, medicine. For bags (backpacks, duffel bags) to attach the label indicating the owner (surname, first name, address of permanent residence and place of evacuation).
Mark required personal documents, money and arrive at a set time with things for them to said BOT.
Before leaving the apartment to check and turn off the gas, electricity, wrap faucets, close the windows and doors.
Arriving at the BOT, to register, to stay in the space provided in the future to act on the instructions BOT.
Being at the evacuation center, should listen carefully to instructions and execute them unconditionally, especially orders for the acquisition of columns, the distribution by tiers, wagons, ships and cars.
When you follow the transport adhere strictly to the rules, to maintain discipline and order, follow the instructions of the representatives of the Defense, senior on the car, boat or car without their permission and not to leave the vehicles.
In that case, when the evacuation is carried on foot, formed columns speed which depends on climatic conditions, season, road condition, terrain, and other local conditions.
Immediately before the march should take hot food, since the possibility of its preparation and adoption of the route is unlikely.
The march must adhere to the established order.
You can not leave without the permission of her convoy commander. If you feel unwell should contact a health worker accompanying column. Not allowed to drink water from sources that are not proven medical service.
When you join a convoy of foreign entities — to inform the head of the colony.
When driving at night is necessary to prevent going back on obstacles, especially when driving on trails and paths columned, make sure that the neighbors to the column not far behind, and halts not asleep.
The march in hot weather to avoid heat and sunstroke, go to the column must be opened wide and deep, not to remove hats, strictly observe the drinking regime, located on halts possible in shady places.
The march in the winter cold and windy, you need to mutually monitor in order to timely detect signs of frostbite. On halts lie on the snow is prohibited.
Arriving in the suburban area to the receiving evacuation center to register and ordered by the representatives of evakopriemnyh take place on organized transport or on foot to follow to reach the destination placement of abode.

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