ANIMALS AS Food. | The survival encyclopedia


All animals can be a source of power. Some, including worms and insects, can be extracted without special skills, but the majority need to extract traps or hunting, which asks for knowledge of both animals and methods.

The more you understand about animals, the better, and General information on Zoology and natural history should be used to expand your knowledge by observation in nature. There is no single recipe to choose the method of trial and error.

You should study the habits of each animal, to find out where it sleeps, what he eats and where walking to the watering. You need to learn how best to destroy it, what traps to deliver, and coordinate their humane instincts with the rationality of survival.

The ideal all based on the beliefs of taste and quantity of the meat — adult females. Than melodee individual, the meat is the least greasy. Adult male more oily during the period, specifically the previous mating season (varies depending on the species and climate). During mating, the male is becoming more and more skinny, the fat disappears, and it suffers even usually fatty bone marrow.
Animals gain fat, so have a great winter, and dump it before the summer period. The older the animal, the more fat and the harder his meat.

Most mammals move only at dawn and at sunset. Only larger and stronger animals come the day. Large herbivores need a whole day to process food to satisfy their needs for food.

Some — a very small — have to eat so often that they are sometimes active during the day, but most other mammals, such as rabbits, eat in the main by night and change their habits, only if the weather is bad. Animals that eat other animals come out to hunt during the activity of their prey.

The same should be done and if you want to hunt them, but you can almost all figure out, even without meeting either the 1st of the living instance, and will be able to set traps and snares to catch animals when they appear.

Tracks and signs
Most of the animals committed to their habits and use regular routes, leading to their watering and feeding places. Discover the signs of such routes.

Traces more noticeable on wettish soil, snow and wet sand, and other signs of a more explicit in dense vegetation. The size of the footprint is proportional to the most animal. The freshness of the track quite accurately can be identified by its clarity and water content.
Infiltrated water in trace or imprint filled the last rain? How is it distinct? The clearer traces, the greater the possibility that they are the freshest.

Randnum in the morning traces can be checked by looking at them at ground level. If violated, the dew and the network, the traces of at most a few hours. Some animals, such as rabbits, not go far, because their traces can testify that they are somewhere near.

Some animals make tunnels in dense thickets. Their height provides guidance in relation to the size of the animal. Determine how they are freshest: faded whether chopped leaves, whether there were greenish broken twigs? Markings on standing and fallen trees, signs of feeding and leftovers are often useful indicators. Shit show with the type of animal that left them.

Signs of feeding.
The method, which stripped the bark from a tree, razgryzaniya a nut shell, partially eaten fruit, bitten off shoots and the remains of the prey of predators or the remains of a destroyed nest — all signs of those animals that are in these places live or hunt.

Left fruits and nuts are often found where there is plenty of food — animal finds something that he likes, and throws it to elect another. This not only betrays the presence of the animal, and means probable bait for traps.

An experienced eye can often find species of animal in the footsteps of the teeth or beak on the nut or according to the method of peeling cones to get to the seeds.

Bark, twigs and buds, especially on young trees and shrubs are an important part of the diet of many animals, including some species of deer and goats, hares, squirrels, and many other mice. Almost always marks from the teeth of animals are clearly visible on the bark of trees.

Many deer bite round shoots, leaving ragged ends at old no. ( After hares, for example, remains smooth edge.) Bark, stripped longish patch to the wood around the entire tree, is another sign of the deer, when he eats the summer and winter bark attached more firmly and eaten pieces, so usually eaten only visit sites with one side of the trunk and clearly visible teeth marks. In addition, deer also RUB against the tree, his horns, to remove the soft top layer, also for marking their location — leaving scuff marks on the bark and longish scratches on tree species from the tips of the horns.

Sheep and goats also stripped the bark off the trees. Traces of their teeth usually are inclined, and the deer vertically. Bark, stripped down, usually shows mice, and the peeled roots may indicate animals like voles. Stumps with a pointed top, though small beveled axe, are the work of beavers.

Proteins stripped the bark in the tree, her pieces often fall down. Scattered on the ground particles of cones is also often a sign of protein. Protein may issue and shell nuts under the tree, can be placed at the top of her nest, but if there are nuts and cones, vkladennya in the tree, it says about the birds eating nuts. About a bunch of empty shells you can find a rodent burrow.

If the growth looks like Podravina as hedges, below a certain level, you can imagine that this is the work of leaf-eating animals, such as deer.

Shit belong to a more accurate indication of the animal species. According to their view and size can be judged on the size of the animal, the humidity goes on when they were selected. The old piece of shit will be hard and without flavor, and fresh — wettish and smelling. Shit you can find on the fly.

Mammals: the piece of shit many mammals strong smell, which appears in the glands of the rectum. It plays an important role in the tagging site and the designation of the same sex. You can use this information when choosing bait for traps.

Animals eating food from plants, large cattle, deer and rabbits — allocate shit rounded shape, with the content of the grass. Shit predators such as feral cats or foxes, have an elongated tapering form. Some animals, for example badgers and bears, are omnivores. Will snap a piece of shit and visite signs that ate the animal, and choose the proper bait.

Birds, too, are divided into two types: those who eat meat and those who eat seeds and fruits that can be found in their excrement. Shit more small, seed-eating birds are small and mostly liquid, while the owls and hawks can get granule containing undigested food items, be it fish, bird, insect or rodent. Soft Poo say about that, perhaps, within reasonable boundaries there is water, because the little birds must be close to her. Carnivorous birds, but do not experience any such necessity. Nesting and nassty often you can find abundant frass on the branches and the ground below. Birds mainly feed on starenkih the trees, where are the signs of destruction and many larvae.

Dug earth
Some animals dig in search of insects and tubers. In particular, this applies to pigs, that tear up huge tracts of land. If the land is frail and the freshest, most likely, the animal was no different from so long ago. Huge dirty pits and rookeries are usually a sign of the presence of pigs. Small «scratches» on earth can testify that there is found the roots of the protein.

The smell and sounds
Listen to the sounds around and notice the smells. They will be held inside the signs in the vicinity of the animal world, and where there are some animals, there will be others where there is a prey, and predator. Many people underestimate flair — but you should try to «reconstruct» it. The smell of certain animals is very strong, especially the foxes. In addition, gaze around. For example, in a cool climate breathing large animals is condensed in pairs. This «smoke» you can see at a fairly good distance, if you are in a comfortable position.

Burrows and dens
Many of the animals arrange a private house in burrows, usually on the rise from the water. Some, such as rabbits and squirrels, not really their hide, although one or two exits in case of critical use will be masked. They are easy to dig up, or you can use the rod BlackBerry or injecting wire to pull the rabbit out.

Carnivores usually hide their burrows, which in the main are located in a wooded area. They can produce traces or shit that serve as a sign that Nora used (although some animals, for example badgers, arrange unchanged latrines somewhere in other place).

Victor Kremer

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