In this article we will try to raise the major milestones in the history of war paint, find out how it is used now, to learn a little summary of its application.
The story of war paint
It is clear that war paint made use of the ancient Celts, who used for this Golubi Indigo obtained from the plant woad dyeing. The Celts put the purchased solution on naked body or painted his naked parts. Although one cannot confidently state that the Celts were the first who invented apply war paint on the face — woad was used in the Neolithic era.
New Zealand Maori inflicted permanent symmetrical patterns on the skin of the face and body, which was called «TA Moko». This tattoo was very principled in Maori culture; «TA Moko», can read the social status of a person, but, in addition, it was an attempt to make a «permanent camouflage» and immediately make a prototype military uniforms.
In 1642 Abel Tasman for the first time reached the shores of the Latest Zealand and met face to face with the locals. In the diaries, preserved since then, no word about the fact that he met people with tattoos on their faces.
And the expedition of 1769, which was the naturalist Joseph banks, assured in his own observations weird and unusual tattoos on the faces of the local natives. In other words it took at least another 100 years before the Maori began to use tattoos.
North American red used paint for drawing patterns on the skin, which helped them, as in the case of Maori, for personification. Red believed that the patterns will help them to get the magical protection in battle, and the colored patterns on the faces of the fighters helped to look more fierce and dangerous.
Not counting the coloring of one’s own body red inflicted patterns on their own stallions; were that a certain pattern on the body of a horse will protect her and give her magical abilities. Some signs meant that the leader expresses respect for the gods, or blessed to win. This knowledge was passed down from generation to generation, until the culture was not destroyed during the wars of aggression.
Just as modern fighters receive credit for their achievements in military Affairs, redskin had the right to apply a specific pattern only after he had distinguished themselves in battle. Because any mark or sign on the body bore a fundamental meaning.
Palm, for example, meant that redskin excelled in hand to hand combat and has excellent ability in battle. In addition, the imprint of her hands could serve amulet symbolizing that redskin is invisible on the battlefield. In turn, a lady from the tribe, which saw the Indian warrior with hand print, I knew that with this man she was safe. The symbolism of the ornaments went far beyond just ritual and social labels, it was needed as an amulet as bodily placebo, which gives strength and courage in the military.
It was important not only graphic markers, and the color base of each sign. Marks caused reddish paint, meant blood, force, energy, and success in battle, but could also be completely peaceful connotations — the beauty and happiness, if similar colors painted face.
Black color meant readiness for war, force, but carried more brutal energy. Black noted those soldiers who have returned home after a victorious fight. So did the ancient Romans, forcewas in Rome on horseback after the victory, but they painted their faces in bright red color, imitating own God of war, Mars. White color meant sorrow, though it was another meaning to the world. Blue or green colors patterns were applied to the most developed mental and spiritually enlightened members of the tribe. These colors are meant wisdom and endurance. Green cramped associated with harmony and power of Providence.
Later red began to use the coloring not only to intimidate, and as camouflage — selected colors colorings in agreement with the criteria. Flowers treated, protected, and prepared for «new life», expressed the internal state and social status, and, of course, face-painting and body inflicted as decorative pieces.
A modern interpretation of war paint purely practical. The military put dark paint on the face under the eyes and on the cheeks to reduce the reflection of sunlight from the surface of the skin that is not protected camouflage cloth.
When we look at the image, the brain processes an unlimited number information received from the eyes and other organs of emotions.
In order consciousness took a certain sense of what he saw, the brain divides the total picture into its component parts. When the eye looks at a vertical line with green spots, the brain receives the signal and identifies it as a tree, and when the brain takes a lot of trees linesread them already as a forest.
Consciousness tends to recognize something as an independent object only if the object has a continuous color. It turns out that the man has more chances to be seen if his suit is completely solid. Criteria jungle a huge number of colors in the camouflage pattern will be perceived as an integral object, as tropical practically consist of small parts.
Exposed skin reflects light and entice attention. Usually, in order to correctly apply the coloring, the men help each other prior to surgery.
Shiny parts of the body — forehead, cheekbones, nose, ears and chin — painted in dark colors, and shadow (or shaded) area of the face around the eyes, under the nose and under the chin in the light green color. Not including face painting and applied on the exposed parts of the body: the back part of the neck, arms and hands.
Two-color camouflage coloring often is applied randomly. The palms of the hands usually are not masked, but if hostilities hands are used as a communication tool, in other words are used to transmit non-verbal tactical signals, they also mask.
In practice, often other used three standard type face paints: loam (clay color), light green, applicable for all kinds of ground forces in areas where the availability of green vegetation, and clay-white color for the troops on snow-covered terrain.
In the development of protective paints take into account two main aspects: the protection and safety of the fighter. The safety aspect means simplicity and ease of use: when painting a fighter on the exposed parts of the body it should remain stable in the environment, resistant to perspiration and to approach the outfit.
Face painting does not detract from the natural sensitivity of the fighter, in fact, has no scent, does not cause irritation on the skin and does not harm if accidentally splashed paint in eyes or mouth.
At the current time there is the layout of the paint, which protects the skin of the fighter and thermal waves in the explosion. What this meant in reality the thermal wave from the explosion lasts less than 2 seconds, the temperature is 600 °C, but still enough to completely burn the face and really destroy unprotected limbs. As stated, the new material is able to protect an open skin from light burn for 15 seconds after the explosion.
There are developments coloring for the face, which reflect infrared rays and protect the fighter from mosquitoes and other insects. Usually a fighter first layer applied protection cream against insects, protecting exposed skin from stings, and after the cream is absorbed into the skin, was applied protective paint for the face. Now there are developments in which these two functions fit in one bottle.
Digital protection CV (Computer Vision, or the system to identify individuals) is developed in military institutions, but there is a civilian version called CV Dazzle. Its base is taken naval Dazzle camouflage during the First world war — the black and white stripes are applied to the skin, which does not allow the computer system to recognize the face. The project started in 2010 and is focused on digital protection of man from the city chambers, which becomes more and more from year to year.
Nikita TEMNOZOR #vyzyvayemykh@sv_bunker