Even in the worst for conventional farming embodiment, the peasants are not going anywhere.
They’ll just go underground.
Specifically, under the ground, you can construct a whole mushroom farm, and collect collecting all year round, even in the lean years.
All the disadvantages of a basement in the context of the nutrition of fungi become pros, and the most important of them is a regular local climate, not subject to fluctuations (temperature, humidity, etc).
TRAINING ROOM (BASEMENT) :
1. It is ideal if the walls and ceiling of the basement will be made of concrete
2. Floor, usually land, it is better to cement or concrete.
3. Wall and ceiling whitewashed with lime, in order to protect our collection from pests.
4. Do the ventilation outlets on the surface. If you need to mask them (displaying in the bushes, cover with hollow stumps, etc.)
5. Again, to protect mushrooms from pests and insects, it is necessary to close the ventilation holes network with small cells. Outside or inside. And better and there and there.
6. If the ceiling height allows, constructed in several layers (2-3), increasing the useful area of the basement.
That’s all. Our basement is ready unchanging basement producing fungi such as mushrooms, mushrooms, and many others. We will now proceed to the preparation of the substrate, and, in fact, the technology of rearing.
Feeding the MUSHROOMS IN the BASEMENT:
1. PREPARATION OF SUBSTRATE
The substrate is a breeding ground for our mushrooms, place the development of the desired organisms and necessary (for the mushrooms, of course) substances.
Implying that above we have BP, or simply existing Autonomous, our substrate will not include pesticides and chemical substances, which it is not clear where to get, and will include natural, reproducible components:
— The manure.
Manure is better to use a horse, but in the absence thereof, the fit and the dung of cattle, sheep, pigs, chicken manure, etc. Should be kept in mind to get a good substrate, it is necessary to use grass in an amount of 100 kg. With the least amount of grass, the fermentation process may not start.
100 kg of grass will need to spend 35-40 kg of manure. Before laying the collar, the grass needs to be soaked for 40-50 hours.
2. LAYING THE COMPOST PILE
Typically, a clamp for feeding the mushrooms do random length (for example, on the entire length of the basement), width of 1.5-2 meters and a height of 2-2,5 meters.
The thickness of the layers varies in the region of 25-30 see
Before laying layers with grass additionally moisten, sprinkle with urea (if any) calculated 2,5 kg of urea per 100 kg of grass.
* Note: compost pile is placed only on the concreted surface. Avoid contact with soil. In the unfortunate event in our substrate is imbued pests, from which it will be hard to get rid of, and that will spoil our mushrooms
Do not allow excess humidity in the room where the prepared substrate. In addition, pohlopotat good ventilation. Because our composting process is accompanied by release of ammonia. If the smell appeared — the process started. Another testimony of a reaction is the temperature (inside compost it above).
The substrate can be rendered under the open sky, but then pohlopotat about how to protect it from rain.
* To moderately layers were collapsed across own area, need a break, during which the outer layers are moved forks inward, and Vice versa. The cutaway of the substrate are doing 10 days after the beginning of composting. After the function is repeated 3-5 times with intervals of 5 days.
3-4 weeks our substrate, usually, are ready. This is evidenced by:
— no scent of ammonia.
— uniform dark brown color of the substrate
— fluff the mixture of compost
— moderate humidity (when compression is a drop of water)
If squeezing the water directly flows is excessive humidity. Such compost is needed to arrange a narrow layer and give a little to dry.
After we have prepared the substrate, it is necessary to put in wood or plastic boxes with sides more than 25-30 cm, and with an area allowing you to accommodate the volume of the substrate at a rate of 3 square meters. To save space in a confined space, the boxes should be placed on top of each other or staggered, as shown in the figure.
After stuffing boxes with compost, the temperature inside will rise to approximately 50 degrees. After a couple of days the temperature will drop to 25 degrees. This means that the substrate is ready for the introduction of mycelium.
Mushrooms is absolutely not choosy service mushrooms, and excellent cost without lighting, but in the fertile period is sensitive to:
— the excess carbon dioxide (lack of ventilation)
4. LANDING AND Feeding
After the substrate has cooled to 22-25 degrees, paid mycelium: to do this over the entire surface of the substrate in a box, at a distance of 20 cm is the deepening of 5 cm, where lay the pieces of mycelium size in half the egg. The recess is closed by the substrate. Top cover paper, Newspapers, to preserve humidity. Newspapers (not the substrate), at times, a little spray of water.
This is called the incubation period. At this time, the temperature in the room should be located in the area of 22-24 degrees. The fit and furnace heating. A basement is usually perfectly warm, because it doesn’t give special daze.
The mycelium will grow within the next 15 days. On the rearing temperature significantly drops.
After now, the compost cover three-layer covering of the earth (3-5% which is chalk). During this period, the premises must be inflated humidity. The top layer, sometimes moisturize using a sprayer, spray gun, or similar device, the main thing that the water is not poured a stream, and that no water has leaked into the compost.
Mushroom growing 4 to 5 weeks after planting mycelium. After 2 weeks will be a renewal fee. The entire fruiting period lasts about eight weeks. Picking mushrooms is a neat twisting of the fungus (not cutting, as in a forest).
Mushrooms stored at a temperature of 0-4 ° C, about 2 weeks. If we are talking about fresh mushrooms. To increase shelf life use conservation, rolling up.
The feeding of OYSTER mushrooms :
For the feeding of oyster mushrooms in the basement we need to prepare logs width of about 10 cm, and a length of five feet. Will fit almost doesn’t matter what kind of wood of deciduous trees.
1. The feeding of OYSTER mushrooms ON a tree stump (wood)
The logs do cuts/nadpisi at a distance of 30 cm from each other. Then the logs are soaked for 7 days.
Like this, we artificially imitated stumps, which grows oyster in natural criteria. These logs we need to arrange in advance on a wooden rack.
2. RACK FOR OYSTER
Shelf rack 1.5×15 meters are located at a height of 30-35 cm from each other. Bottom shelf is located at the same distance from the floor.
Before laying logs in cuts over the previously laid mycelium.
To increase humidity under the rack put a container of water. And the rack covered with polyethylene. After germination spawn it clean.
1st collection we’ll get through 2.5-3 months.
By the way. As mycelium, you can use the hat already sprouted mushroom. But in this case, the period of feeding may vozraste to 12 months
To grow mushrooms in the basement and in peacetime. And practice, and family will feed.
And the excess production can be done in any market, changing their own labor and time to cut the paper.
And it in turn on the equipment and survival nishtyak.
shared the Creator and colleague Sergey Malik