In modern combat is very increased proportion of automatic weapons,
increased saturation units with mortars and artillery, were extensively used massive engineering structures, various kinds of obstacles, "surprises". On the battlefield is dominated by the maneuver, causing frequent and quick change of scenery; acts infantry deployed in tight contact with other branches of the military. These conditions impose excessive demands on the training of fighter-infantryman.
In addition to a good combat skills and physical endurance, he must have developed perception, to be quick, savvy, energetic, able to rapidly respond to sudden acts of the enemy with suitable techniques and movements, to move freely by night, in smoke, in at least some areas.
These properties are particularly required in the conduct of close combat in
the forest, in the trenches and different buildings, on the streets of huge and small cities, in houses, on the roofs of buildings, in the midst of destroyed buildings, barricades, etc. faster Than the unit can see the target, will accept the decision and will perform the appropriate action, so he will have more chances to save their lives and overcome the enemy.
Human perception varied, but the main of them are visual, auditory, and tactile-motor, which play a very important role in the actions of the fighter during reduced visibility (fog, rain, storm, Blizzard), also in the forest, in the criteria of smoke and night.
Fighter owning exquisite sensitivity, better focused,
simultaneously mobilizes attention and will soon meet the necessary acceptance and action on the acts of the enemy. Because the development of the fighter these perceptions, especially in moments of high physical stress, sensory excitations, unsafe and sudden action is one of the components of the learning task.
Experience some academic parts indicates that the speed of perceptions and
response it is ideal to instill together with the development of physical strength, agility, and combat endurance in the learning process — in drill, physical, fire and tactical training, while following the lessons in the field, and return with them, also on the stationary exercises (in class) and in the breaks between them.
This can be achieved by a method of:
— periodic repetition of simple movements and techniques in
quick pace and sudden commands, signals and signs;
— unexpected productions simple tasks and requirements slap their implementation;
— impact on the sensory side of the fighter’s tone of voice, the surprise team, enthusiasm for the job and the introduction of parts threats and competitions;
— repetition of these techniques and exercises in the most unexpected and
the combination of different criteria.
Special training on the quickness of perception sudden command and response should be carried out in short periods of time (from 5 to 15
minutes) and to a greater extent in the 1st period of combat training.
This will allow the fighter is faster and better to capture complex motions and actions in the upcoming academic with great success to master the entire course
The purpose of this article is to outline the likely development paths listed properties and to specify some proven techniques and methods. In the upcoming officers shall, in relation to the terrain and the contingent of fighters to show the most initiative in selecting a suitable material and in developing a more appropriate criterion for merit preferred results.
• Training in the execution of a sudden commands and simple tasks
Training in the execution of a sudden commands and simple tasks can be performed with the unit (section, platoon), with small group and individual fighters as when you build, rebuild, movements, and during the performance of certain exercises, activities and works.
Recommended subsequent commands and tasks for a group of soldiers or units are in formation in one or 2 lines: "Department (platoon), running — stand back". If the command is executed immediately, the officer commanding: "Stand back".
At the time of its commander delivers the latest command: "Go" then otbezhal 8-10 steps and changing the direction of the front by pulling the left hand side, gives the task to line up in 10 seconds. On the tenth second, he turns to face the front of the unit (platoon) and evaluates the job.
The unit is built in two rows or in column two. Served ordered (after 2-3 seconds) several different commands: "Stand back",
"Sit down", "Stand", "On the left side — go", "In the shelter (in the trench) — running". Upon execution of the last command given the task to line up in 8 seconds. Should the team "Become" and seconds.
The commander giving the job should take into account the distance at which it is from the soldiers identified by the run time was real. The same task is not recommended to repeat more than 3 times. The unit in motion (build some).
Given the tasks and commands: "In 15 seconds, the trees get", "In 10 seconds — me". Then the unit is built and continues to move. Follow new tasks and commands: "12 seconds to disguise the shock of hay — ward, forward — running", "In 15 seconds pereleti through the wall of the compartment, forward —
Jogging", "The first Department to disguise themselves in the bushes on the right, the second
branch to climb over the fence, the third to climb up on the shed, the fourth
to hide in the trench on the left. Time 15 seconds. Platoon, forward — running".
For single or dual action fighters can advise the subsequent tasks and commands: "Fighters Petrov and Sidorov to climb into the attic and looking at him. Time 2 minutes — ahead — running"
"Fighters Volkov and she to look around the shed. Time 2 minutes — ahead —
"Fighters Ivanov and Nikonorova looking at the house from the garden side. Time 2 minutes — ahead — running"
Dependent on the character of the area and surrounding objects, as well as on the degree of preparation fighters, the time to complete the tasks and commands necessary to reduce or to increase. After a job is always a need to evaluate or specify who completed the task first and who’s last who is better and who is worse.
It is also advisable to interview fighters,
what they saw or heard during the action.
• Training in performing techniques and conventional signs and signals
Of great importance is the training in the performing techniques and conventional signs, supplied one or 2 hands, means hat, shovel or any other items.
Before you begin training, it is necessary to clarify the fighters is
each signal or sign. Training is conversant subsequent
the commander specifies the action gestures (objects) and asks the soldier, whether he realized conditional symbol.
Silent command to build the unit (squad, platoon, group) may be submitted even if such hand gestures (hands): "The Department, in one line become" the commander is in the "attention", pull your left hand palm down toward the front of the building and at this point puts it.
"The Department, in two ranks become" the commander pulls the left hand with the palm upward toward the flank and at the same time lets it go.
"The Department, in one column stand" the commander is in the "attention" face in the direction of the upcoming movement and raises his left hand high into the air.
"The Department, in the circuit turn around" commander a couple of times breeds both hands to the sides.
In the same spirit, but established in advance by the gestures, signals, etc. are served commands: "Go", "Attention", "To me", "Forward", "Back", "See
enemy", "See", "Hear" (testimonials) "Silently creep up to the enemy (to the trench, to a pillbox)", "Prepare for the shot in the attack", "In the attack", "To surround the house", "Skip enemy", "To climb a tree", "Throw a grenade" etc.
The next step is to train the soldier to quickly counteract the sudden acts "enemy" — carried out on the training track in the training room, training trench. Let us examine each of the types of training separately.
• Training on the training track
The training track is arranged in the bushes in the woods, in the mountains, in the village Fri, etc. On both sides it is covered "the enemy" (4-6 fighters), creating a sudden obstacles and making "attack" on fighters, who train on the track.
Before the soldiers put puzzles: move-step or run to a certain boundary or object; to overcome all
obstacles and avoid sudden attack "enemy".
The fighter must:
not to cling to the wire, held out in the grass at a height of 10-20 cm, and not to step on the training set mines;
b) to slow down or run past the falling objects — boards, trunk
small wood, light logs, bundles of wood, Skadi coat — ie
to evade destruction;
C) do not fall into the hands of either to escape from the hands of the 2 fighters who challenge at one point, out of the vault, throw a tent on the head of training and hold it for 5-10 seconds;
g) to avoid the shot (stick with soft tip) "enemy", camouflaged in the bushes, the grass, in the ditch, or to repel his prick with his hand (all over the training track can be positioned 2-3 fighters,
armed with sticks with soft tips).
On the sides of the track disguised as the enemy sometimes produces a different kind of noise: digging the ground, hits the axe against the tree, drive nails, opens and closes the breech of the rifle, etc. the Best result of the exercise is to overcome all the obstacles without hitting them, to avoid attacks "enemy" to hear more different sounds and find where they come from.
For training the Department is divided into two groups: one of them makes obstacles and attacks, that is, for the enemy; the other alternately (one soldier) moves on the track. Then groups change roles. The location of obstacles and the attackers need for all this to change.
• Training in the training room
Under the training room can be used dugout, at least some shed, destroyed building or residential apartment. Above the floor at different heights pull a wire or a rope tied to both ends of her lungs rattling objects scatter boards, empty cans, liners and the like, the walls are installing benches, tables, buckets and other items.
Dedicated fighters (2-4 people) are doing obstacles, darken the room, make a sudden attack.
The 1st type of action. In a dimly lit room, and then in complete darkness through the room groping, without creating noise and to leave the back door.
The 2nd type of action (in complete darkness). Fighter, armed with a stick with a soft tip, passes through the room, trying not to make noise and not to get the shot from a soldier standing there.
The 3rd type of action. To enter the darkened room, pass through it may be quicker to go in the opposite half-open door. In the room there are 3-4 fighter "enemy" that make it difficult to perform tasks.
At the entrance, when the soldier closed the door on his second blinding light of the flashlight, after a moment, he put back the light strike the bag with the grass on the head, then down under the feet of the bench, put a slight prick stick with soft tip in the chest, pull the rope at knee level, throw on the head overcoat and try to hold it for 3-5 seconds, then let go.
Training fighters are not required to have guns. The commander must see to it that the training in the passion and excitement subordinates did not transgress certain limits.
• Training in educational trench
For training can be applied no matter what kind of trench full profile, you only need to make it some additional work and install different obstacles. In educational trench length 25-50 m it is recommended to install 6-8 motionless stuffed (faggots) and 1-2 "hedgehog" on the rope, hold 1-2 Fox holes and podbroshennyi the dugout. Opponent was playing 4-5 fighters, equipped with movable stuffed and pointers. The challenge "enemy" — create a sudden obstacles and attack training fighters.
The 1st type of action. Fighter, armed with a rifle (with bayonet, without bayonet) or the machine moves along the trench, trying to hit all the targets and to overcome all the obstacles in their own way. While driving due to rotations of the trench, from the parapet, from the dugout "the enemy" suddenly substitutes stuffed (bundles of brushwood on stick) in front, side and rear.
Puzzle fighter to strike a shot, do a jab, slamming the butt, knife, leg, etc. Then before fighter arise "Jerzy" (they need to quickly release the aisle) or pointers, requiring indicate fire or throw a grenade. Acts fighter measured by the speed of movement and number of targets.
The 2nd type of action. The fighter is armed with a rifle or stick with a soft tip. The challenge is to move along the trench, to overcome obstacles and avoid attacks "enemy". While driving in 2 places on the fighter suddenly (due to rotation) attacks one, and then another "the enemy". Need to engage them in "fight" apply one shot and continue. Later on from the dugout to fighter attack two "enemy" fighter with cloak-tent and try to hold it for 5-10 seconds. Attack fighter, moving along the trench, permitted in the back, side, top, due to obstacles, etc. Assessment — fewer purchased fighter injections.
• Training in implementation techniques and activities with resounding cheers and silently
Training in the implementation of techniques and activities with resounding cheers has
in order to raise the speed and cohesion, the habit of willpower and
cry to mobilize themselves, to overcome the feeling of lethargy, to make a huge physical and psychological stress. But such acts are not always likely, often the accomplishment of the tasks asks for absolute secrecy, caution, because it is necessary to train soldiers silently to perform different tricks and acts.
Training in the implementation of those and other actions (silent and cries)
it is ideal to alternate between them to kompleksirovat with different methods of combat training. Very useful training these actions organically to include in your way of life and mode of combat training of the day fighter from the ascent to hang up. Will consider some methods of practice.
Signal "the rise" fighters, waking up twice cry: "Podymaesh" later, dressed, each report: "Ready".
Team "Become" all shout: "Become" and ran to go to the place of building.
Konstantin Bolocco [1908-1991] honored trainer of the USSR, a frequent favorite of the USSR, the candidate of pedagogical Sciences, doctor of GDOIFK them. P. F. Lesgaft, founder of the Leningrad school of fencing. Honored master of sports, the referee. All-Union category. One of the leading professionals in the preparation of the masters of Russian hand-to-hand combat. Connoisseur and collector of cool guns.