Often, it is necessary to carry out long passages of snow and ice deserts of the Arctic. Such maneuvers involve a number of features of the North, and of the dangers of too. To learn how to make the transition to the polar regions we’ll talk in this article.
The complexities of the Arctic during the transition associated with surface features. Open land in the region is not to find: only snow of varying degrees of looseness; ice; rarely rocky ledges. Conveniently only go on a dense, ulezhavshemusya snow. To move on smooth ice only with a special climbing shoes with spikes.
Difficulties also arise When you click on the loose, fresh or melting snow. Each step will be given to the effort, the legs can go into the whole snowpack. In such a situation, it is best to rescue the usual sports, cross-country skiing: not only do they keep the person in the snow, preventing to fall, but also significantly increase the speed of movement.
Another situation: Present. When the snow melts, and then hits the frost – It is formed on the surface of the snow crust of ice, of varying degrees of thickness and durability. But very often this crust does not hold a person’s weight and falls. Go prolamyvayas crust is even more difficult than in the soft snow, to the same, so it is possible to receive a leg injury. Conventional long skis are also of little use to navigate through the infusion. They glide, are leaving in different directions, and also because of its narrowness, may breach the crust. The present is good to walk in the broad and short skis, which often use the taiga hunters. These skis can be successfully replaced by the so-called snowshoes: flexible frame of branches or ski pole is bent in the shape of an elongated oval and braided vines, rope, cloth, pine branches. Such a platform attached to the soles of shoes. The increased pressure in the area of the same body weight, people are no breaks through the crust, and moving along it without problems.
Snow-blindness – Another difficulty faced by the traveler in the Arctic. When surrounded by a continuous cover of white snow, and the sun is shining, the eyes are under enormous pressure: white, sparkling snow in the sun; white sky; the dazzling sun. This effect can be obtained even in the mid-latitudes, snow in winter, only in the polar regions it is much stronger. If you do not take care of eye protection – long and blind. Looking for a special sunglasses, preferably with a layer that protects against ultraviolet (because the ozone layer over the poles and a weak ultraviolet ban on Earth merciless continuous flow). Will mask over his eyes, with narrow slits. Not bad close the upper part of the review visor or hood: this will not be an effect of a continuous glow, which can lose direction and lose your orientation.