Navigate through the mountains difficult and dangerous. You need to have good shoes, a tenacious protector, special equipment and climbing skills. In this review we will talk about the basic techniques of movement in the mountains. This issue we will consider from the standpoint of autonomous survival, ie – you are alone with the mountains.
So, there are three basic types of movement in the mountains: the top, the pass or to the top of the mountain; down the slopes of the mountains; direct movement of the visor, the rock ledge.
Climb. Difficulty lifting depends on the steepness of the slope and the nature of the surface. If relatively gentle slopes, and built of solid rock, then go up, even without special equipment. If the slopes are steep or vertical; Stara surface slope crumbles when walked on; slopes covered with snow – in these cases, in order to successfully and safely climb up, you must have shoes with studs on the soles and enjoy climbing hammer ropes insurance.
Sometimes effectively move uphill indirectly, zigzag: the angle right and up, then at an angle to the left and upward. Especially effective this technique to easily crumbling and snow-covered slopes. In the not very steep slope, with this technique, you can climb even without removing the skis go up the so-called ladder to skis became almost perpendicular slope and slid back and down.
The descent from the slopes, also depends on the nature of the surface of the mountain. If the slope is relatively flat, not overgrown by forest, is not covered by the glacier, it has a relatively hard surface – it makes sense to apply the technique of downhill. In all other situations: the complex contours of the slope; treacherous, slippery slope surface; steep cliffs – It should go down slowly and, using climbing equipment, insurance.
If you need down with a rather steep snow-covered slopes, you should use the climbing hammer fragment strong branches or ski pole as a brake. You simply slide off on his belly down the hill and stuck in the snow with the edge, trying to slow down.
The envelope of the mountain on a ledge or a visor you need only to insurance. If no tethers, and there is nothing to replace them, it should be good to think about whether to make such a risky maneuver. If a narrow ledge, mountains old, unreliable structure and you are not a professional climber, you should look for a different solution to overcome the difficult parts.