Modern deer family includes several dozen species, each of which has its own unique history.
From the archive of author
Exactly how many species of deer once lived on this planet for millions of years, continuing its history, can not be determined. Judging from the fossil material, which is stored in museums around the world, and for the reconstruction of their appearance, we can talk about the existence of a huge number of amazing shapes representatives deer disappeared from the face of the planet.
The variety of species of deer is not only external differences, but also differences in the horns. In the most primitive species of deer, such as musk deer, water deer, no horns at all. Their role in the tournaments between males for the right to possession of the females perform powerful upper fangs growing out of the upper jaw and resembling tiny swords. In tufted deer, Mazama, Pudu is also considered the most ancient in origin, the horns do not branch, but all the rest are made up of the main stem (rod) and processes, the number of which is different in different genera and species of deer and different age groups. All this diversity is attractive to modern hunter trophy.
The stamp depicts the French horn deer, showing their development, depending on the age of the animal.
On the postage stamps of Poland, the Soviet Union represented the moose. These are the largest representatives of deer, embodying the grandeur of the vast forests of the northern hemisphere of the planet. To adapt to the harsh conditions of life among the various types of forests, the moose have, more than any other representative of the deer, the characteristic external features. In these animals, high legs that make it easy to overcome the moose and forest debris and deepest snow, with a trunk looks relatively short. Moose head is very long, hook-nosed, with expressive eyes, big ears, and moving kind of fleshy upper lip, much hanging over the bottom. If Europe lives only one subspecies of elk, then towards the east to it added three more Asian subspecies or geographical shapes. Thus, in Russia, which occupies a large part of Eurasia, now there are the following forms of elk: European elk, or East Siberian Yakut moose, elk and Ussuri Kolyma moose. Each of these sub-species has its own uniqueness.
On the postage stamps of Romania, Poland, Germany, Czechoslovakia, shows deer. It is the most abundant species of deer that live in European countries. In our country, two species of deer: the European and Siberian, and the second is almost twice the size of the first.
On the postage stamps of Czechoslovakia, Germany depicts a deer. It is a beautiful deer, belonging to the genus of these, or noble deer. Laney relatively small animal, male weight does not exceed 100 kg with a body length of 130–140 centimeters and a height at withers of less than one meter. In Europe, it is these deer can often be seen in parks and gardens, because due to its attractiveness and grace of this animal is often found in «park» Europe’s forests and catches the eye of the public strolling idly. In such circumstances, doe really the most gullible and «friendly» to man the deer because they are the most responsive to their care by humans. But in the wild, and deer hunting farms animals are no less careful than any other members of the family. Currently, taxonomists are two types of deer, a European and an Iranian living in Asia Minor. Hind Iranian larger and lighter colored than the European, also called Persian or Mesopotamian, deer. Lani natural coloring reddish-yellow, with numerous white spots on the sides, arranged in longitudinal rows, which almost merge into a line, and the lower abdomen and inner sides of the legs of the deer and white. However, due to the fact that it bred under human control more than one century, there were quite unusual color forms. Especially effectively looks black form of deer. This variation deer is painted from dark chocolate brown to almost black.
It is also interesting to look white or pale cream-colored deer. No less beautiful fiery red deer form. The main decoration of the male deer are their splendid, completely different form from the other types of horns. Males are large deer antlers, the tops of which expanded flattened «blades»That can even be called «shovel» with numerous branches. Horn male deer repeat created by nature «shovel» (to some extent) the largest deer antlers planet — elk, but a small graceful head doe they look especially great. Below «blades» there are still two or three branch horns. The shape and size of deer antlers have such a wide range, which is very hard to find alike. But with age, they become even more advanced.
On the postage stamps of Canada, Newfoundland and Mongolia represented reindeer, and on the Mongolian brand — domestic reindeer.
In the New World reindeer are another name, namely, — caribou. None of the members of the family of deer was not so important for the development of humanity as a reindeer. The most numerous of all the species of deer in the world, he helped to survive the time of ancient hunters «Great cold»; Moreover, as the retreat of glaciers migrating herds of reindeer led man behind them to other lands and continents. Found the remains of ancient reindeer about 1 million years. Already in the Pleistocene they lived in Europe, Asia and North America, almost no different in appearance from the modern reindeer. In the world of modern taxonomy, scientists distinguish between 9 and 15 geographic forms of reindeer. Permanent revision of this plastic animal species can already be seen in the spread of subspecies, so in the XX century made a conditional division of reindeer on the tundra, forest and the northern island of deer. Migration of reindeers — the biggest journey that make land animals of the planet. Even the migration of herds of antelope in Africa and bison on the prairies of America could not match their extension. The way certain groups of reindeer with up to 150-200 thousand individuals, 4.5 thousand kilometers per year on the annular path of the summering pastures to the winter and again in the summer pasture.
Modern types of deer, spread across continents, hunters continue to surprise their great diversity. This is a special world of wild animals, from small and lacking horns, but has a unique «saber-toothed» fangs musk deer and water, to the giants of the animal world of moose with their huge horns luxury. Representatives from the majestic red deer: deer, red deer, elk and deer to the graceful beauty of the perfect sika deer and Axis. World deer — it is amazing and paradoxical Malu deer and other equally amazing and rare species.
Peter Zverev22 October 2015 at 00:00