Russian Interregional Club decoy appeals to support our initiative on the recognition of hunting with decoy duck element of intangible cultural heritage of the Russian Federation.
Photo by Dmitry Vasiliev
According to historical and bibliographic data of Russian homeland is a decoy in Tula region. Unique vocal Tula ducks cultivated for centuries by our ancestors in the rock, which has become a true product of the national selection.
It is known that the duck was an important religious symbol at Vyatichi who inhabited the ancient territory of Tula, Kaluga and the south of Moscow region with a religious center in Dedilovo (now s. Dedilovo Tula Region). Duck in the pantheon Vyatichi have been a symbol of the goddess of fertility, water and human destiny — the goddess Mokos.
Images and ducks were studied by archaeologists in the Tula region (Belevsky treasure of the XII century). Ethnographers until the beginning of the XX century repeatedly noted the presence in the embroidery masters Tula and Kaluga provinces stylized images of ducks.
Our fellow countryman, Belevsky educator Vasily Levshin, in 1779 first described the customs, skills, and related tools and objects used for hunting with a decoy (circular or CRICOVA) ducks. The famous writer hunting LP Sabaneyev in 1892 noted: «Fatherland, and is considered a hotbed of circular weft Tula why CRICOVA best duck called Tula.»
Sufficiently substantiated the assumption that it was from Tula hunting decoy spread across Russia, first down the Don to Voronezh, a neighborhood which in the XVII century. actively colonized by settlers from «riding» provinces, and later the Volga to Saratov. Even in the XIX century in the Nizhny Novgorod Fair «especially prized thoroughbred … Tula duck» (Ryabov VV Hunting of the pen. M .: Forest Industry. 1966). Later decoy ducks were brought to Siberia — in Tomsk, Novosibirsk, Krasnoyarsk and Altai.
Tula decoy at the XIX-XX century, bred in Pershinskoy hunt the Grand Duke Nikolai Nikolaevich (Alexinsky County Tula province) controlled trapping of Major General DP Rolling in the spring hunting seasons were delivered to Imperial Gatchina hunt Nicholas II.
Since 1927 whipper Tula society of hunters and anglers PY Kuleshov, before the revolution worked in Pershinskoy hunting, and then his son, NP Kuleshov was headed by a public nursery stool pigeons that descended from pershinskih. During the period of temporary occupation of the Nazi invaders of the Sonderkommando our area Goering made a description and photographs of the nursery breeding stock of the Company and under pain of death forbidden to export manufacturers beyond. However, the guerrillas who retired NP Kuleshov was able to save valuable breeding material in the future, until the end of the 60s, Tula decoy not only decorated their job hunting Tula, but also used in a government hunting economy «Zavidovo», in particular in the visit of Fidel Castro in 1963
In 2010 falconry included in the list of intangible cultural heritage by UNESCO. Along with falconry, our club maintains and develops a hunting decoy ducks, which are widely practiced in our area and attracts both domestic and foreign tourists. Every year, held mass rallies fans stool pigeons who have already visited the factory owners 12 regions of Russia. Delegations hunters Bulgaria, Germany, Lithuania, the United States and Ukraine also visited our region and got acquainted with the work of the club.
In the spring of this year with the support of the administration of Tula and Moscow club «Safari» at the International exhibition in «Crocus Expo» held a seminar and presentation of Tula decoy duck hunting wider international community.
Appreciation Tula duck our club and received by the FSO «Zavidovo», after half a century has renewed its collaboration with the Tula breeders.
Given the above, we believe that hunting with duck decoy in full accordance with the «Program of the intangible cultural heritage of the peoples of the Russian Federation for 2009-2015» is a set of practices, skills and associated instruments, objects, artifacts. This cultural space recognized Russian hunter communities and groups — breeders stool pigeons. Tula decoy duck more than a hundred years is the brand of our country for hunters and hunting with her worthy to become the official register the intangible cultural heritage of the Tula region and the Russian Federation.
We firmly believe that with the support of hunters Russia, our country will be enriched by another historical and cultural heritage and a landmark for the development of mass, in this case, hunting, tourism, and the Russian Federation will become another valuable element of intangible cultural heritage.
On behalf of the General Meeting —
chairman of the club SV OSOKIN,
co-chairman of AV Club Kulish
S.V.Osokin, A.V.Kulishov28 August 2013 at 00:00