Part 2. In shallow water
Photo: Alexey Goryainov
Shallow water may be a promising area for fishing not only during the first and the last ice, but some waters in the middle of winter. Much depends on the flowing water bodies, and weather conditions. (End. Start cm. "EGR №7 on 09.02.11")
For whitefish and perch shallow area is attractive because it is with the establishment of freeze for a long time is a good forage base. Scuds, nymphs, small leeches, aquatic worms live and develop normally at shallow depths. Later, with the advent of frost days, the fish moves to a depth where the living conditions are better for it. However, prolonged thaw, some carp fish, perch, gudgeon, ruff can again approach the shore. This is due to the fact that a thaw near the shore’s edge under the ice in a large number of incoming water is well oxygenated. And with the arrival of warm cyclones often go long rains. However, a large white fish near the shore is hard to catch, since the thaw of coastal ice pops, too much noise. But medium and small fish are not afraid of the noise. However, in respect of fearfulness of large fish in the shallows there are exceptions. So, once the shore thaw I got the bite of big bream, another time – measuring the bite of roach, and somehow in the shallow creek in the middle of winter zherlitsy burst shestikilogrammovy perch.
For small fish to the shore thaw suitable large predator. At such times, there is a successful catch pike, and some rivers in the coastal zone suitable humpback grouper. So, once on Protva in mid-winter, I found large accumulations of perch near the shore where the beating spring. At a depth of 0.5-1 m were many verkhovka on which humpback periodically attacked. Using a jig bait «a drop» and the attachment of a moth larva, I managed to catch a few hefty predators. At the same time, local fishermen, considering that in the middle of winter, you need to focus on limiting the depth of the river, the crowd sat in the pit, only occasionally catching small plotvichek.
As for Pike, the prolonged winter thaws sometimes you have to catch it in the spring. With the mass of active snowmelt tends to fry cane thickets, snags, stony-sandy areas of shallow water, where it makes sense to install zherlitsy at a depth of 20-50 cm. Small schooling fish (perch, roach) is not afraid of the noise, and pike – the fish is not shy, so fishing is sometimes very effective. However it is necessary to distinguish between the duration of the thaw warm days. In short thaw the fish do not have time to adapt to new conditions, so the fry and pike are often at a depth away from the shore.
If the thaw continues more than a week, then coming over the ice cold and heavy water begins to displace «old» warm and light water in the shallow watering, and then catching area may already be located not only at the shore’s edge, but much wider.
When choosing a place for the pike zherlitsy need to take into account some special features:
1. Do not have zherlitsy vicinity of duckweed. If near the algae near a notable passage, pike held over long periods, where there is a duckweed, it almost never happens, even at the beginning of freeze-up, because through duckweed to the hunting places toothy not break.
2. Note that in the reservoirs and large lakes in winter pike can feed in the most unpredictable places. This is the result that such reservoirs, especially in the second half of winter, some species of small schooling fish are moving almost entirely on plankton for food. Plankton moves in the waters, followed by moves to fry, as it should be for pike. That’s why the Rybinsk, Gorky and other major reservoirs with zherlichniki catches are establishing their gear around the perimeter revealed dense flocks perch and roach.
3. A good reference point to find the areas of fishing can be outcrop coastal soil, leaving the ice. Flocks of small perch usually prefer to stay on solid sand, gravel or clay soil, so it is suitable for pike. Clearly, if the marshy shore, the perch near it is unlikely to hold. It is also a guide for setting zherlitsy can serve as green algae, are not dying on the ponds with running. If the algae are placed next to the refreshing stream of water, fry may live near them all winter.
Fishing in shallow water at the end of the freeze-up – it is generally separate issue. During this period, in spite of the existing laws in fishing are more likely to catch is the one who looks for the fish not only there, where it should theoretically accumulate, but sometimes in the most unusual places.
For example, on the tributaries of the Rybinsk reservoir on the last ice I had to catch a big roach and ide at depths of just 10–20 cm below the edge of the coastal ice, and sometimes even in coastal niches. These gullies, depressions can be formed at the end of the freeze-up near the grassy places in the shallows. Roach, who have come to the mass influx from the reservoir, can literally clog them. At the same time it actively responds to the bait. Why are fish here squeezes – not very clear. But the fact remains.
Mormyshka most suitable for such a small catch. But sometimes it is necessary to put the bait and bigger, it is more stable to play in view of the optimal power flow and pull the fishing line. Most catchability jig models: «a drop». «Uralcom». «ant». «pellet». «larva». «nymph». «zebra mussel» – gray, black, brown or greenish tones. The requirement to the hook are strict: the sting should be very sharp and are bent correctly, because the bites are extremely cautious.
For fishing at shallow depths the line is necessary to choose the most durable. Rybachy spring on the tributaries of the Rybinsk reservoir, the line thinner than 0.16 mm, I do not set as the standard for catching roach sometimes tumble such instances that the gear can not withstand.
I would like to once again emphasize the fact that the fish on the last ice sometimes do not have time to adapt to the new water conditions (when the ice flows in excess melt water) and does not react to the bait. At such times, suitable jig often the smallest. The ratio of small jig + thick fishing line does not give the correct games, so sometimes as a makeweight to mormyshke have to make additional ogruzku a properly sized underherdsman. Tiny ogruzki lead element can be attached to 10-20-40 cm above the jig, depending on the depth of fishing. If the depth is suitable for fishing, and for much blows the bait, then the line can be set from 2 to 5 additional elements ogruzki. It happens not just pick a combination of elements in a snap, but sometimes you need to do is just, even as the game medium in size jig shallow becomes suspicious. Sometimes midget depths of roach and the finest fishing tackle ignore. Then rescues float snap.
On the way I managed to float snap-catching medium-sized chub, roach and perch in shallow areas of rivers. Pre-fishing before I drilled holes near the shore over a large area in the appropriate places. This must be done in order to avoid podshumlivat fish during fishing. In the free-flowing rivers suitable shallow water areas I most often found in Progal between shrubs or lower reaches of rapids where the water jet reaches the downstream shoals. Sometimes these shallows are quite extensive, covering large areas are not dying algae, which periodically suitable fish feed.
So, at the end of February at the Ugra River I have found one such beach, where in the evening hours is well pecked large perch and roach. Cleve was sporadic, in a short period of time when the flock was coming. The bait of small moth bad helps pack on it is not delayed. Perhaps for her in my chosen at the locations of the wells were not quite suitable places. Here, among the algae dimes were twisting course, and perhaps a flock, leaving a blank space to feed, and then removed in a quiet place. Yet it can be assumed that the frightened roach and perch pike, which in this area was enough. On why fish sometimes is not going to bait, there are only guessing.
On the same river in March, I was able to find a small fish in the mouth of tributaries. On one tributary channel with a depth of only 1.5 m I came across a dense flock of dace and minnows. There was pretty strong for, and to catch it, it was necessary to use a sliding float rod snap. To this end, the above fixing underherdsman I put on the line half «olives». Leash length of 15-20 cm. Hook №18. He caught one or two large moth larvae. To create an attractive fish dregs, «olive» You can occasionally get on the ball at the bottom.
Especially good are the shallow mouth of various small tributaries fishing for live bait. So, on the rivers flowing into many ponds and dams near Moscow, in the middle and at the end of winter it is possible to easily catch minnows, perch and small roach. On the Upper Tsaritsyno pond at the overflow pipe inflow me earlier managed to easily catch bitterling, which is very hardy and well on the hook for catching toothy. In the pond near the village Kutuzovo verkhovka could catch on the flat coastal plateau with a sandy bottom at a depth of 1-1.5 m. For this, I used a very sensitive float tackle and bait of bread crumbs. Even one small suburban pond perch and roach in abounded at the confluence of two tributaries in a small creek. Here on a wide shallow reach of the fish had to be found, but that it is not podshumlivat, the wells had to be drilled also advance the broad area.
Investigating the shallow areas, especially on the rivers, we should not forget about vigilance. It can be combined with the shallow water wells, and be under the ice is very dangerous, as for the rivers fast. Therefore, a prerequisite for fishing, especially on the last ice, is the presence of an ice pick. Angler should not rush when moving and thoroughly probe the front of the way, especially when there is no fishing trail.
Alex Goryaynov15 February 2011 at 15:53