Reviewing old books and exhibition catalogs, come memories of departed friends and unforgettable hunters hunting with hounds fine, which seems to go from Moscow forest.
Recent events are not encouraging canine beagle lovers. In 2013, the Moscow regional competition hounds passed in just three days, was attended by a total of 17 dogs. I, as chairman of a judicial commission, very sad, that the hounds are leaving the forest near Moscow.
23 June 2013. It takes place, so-called « 120 Anniversary Moscow Regional Exhibition of hunting dogs». According to many hunters, Moscow exhibition was unsuccessful, and the feast was unsuccessful. The number of exhibitors was at its lowest level for many hunters and dog lovers there is a question, which has gone hunting dog breeding, especially in the central regions of Russia.
The Moscow exhibition of hunting dogs has always been considered a special event in Moscow has always gathered representatives from other regions, but in 2012. 2013godu and it did not happen. For the first time in 2013. The Moscow exhibition held near the biological faculty of Moscow State University and held only one day, participants and spectators were obscene, too little.
Referring to the history of the issue, Moscow Exhibition has always been a landmark event in the Union scale of the Soviet period in our recent history. In the late 19th century 1874godu held in Moscow, the first exhibition of hunting dogs. Examination conducted hounds AE Korsch – magazine editor « HUNTING».
While luminaries LP Sabaneyev and NP Kishensky described in his books and papers of different types of hounds, which are very different from each other. In 1895, thanks to the efforts of enthusiasts N.P.Belousova, NN Bibikov, MI Alekseev, IN Komynina, NV Mozharova was written standard Russian hound, whose prototype was considered a champion — vyzhlets extractive NP Belousov. Later the standard was adopted by the English and Russian hound and members of the Imperial Society for hunting during the regular exhibitions began to adhere to the standard. Work has begun on the formation of a typical domestic hound.
Major exhibitions of the Imperial Society of hunting were regularly held for forty years from 1894 to 1914. The imperialist war, revolution and civil war brought about the efforts to form a rock, and only v1925 year took place in Moscow — First All-Union Congress of the Dog, which were re-approved standards of Russian and Anglo-Russian hound.
Bolshevik state was interested in the development of the hunting dog, as prey of fur needed to bring the country’s currency. Also 1923godu was the first Moscow exhibition, which took place after the October Revolution, in the second All-Russia Exhibition of hunting dogs in 1927 under the auspices «VSEKOHOTSOYUZA»It was presented almost 400 Bole hunting breeds of dogs, all dogs, with all working breeds — 750.
In the magazine «HUNTER» №7 for 1927god written: « Canes were 49 dogs. The first was vyzhlets Trumpeter RK MOO owner V.F.Hlebnikov, he received All-Union prize, a prize «VSEKOHOTSOYUZA» and the diploma of the first degree, as well as in a bow with vyzhlovkoy Kutishkoy prize silver medal VSEKOHOTSOYUZA. At the exhibition have sent their dogs not only the Moscow Province, but most of the cities of the North and the Volga, Don and Prikavkaze, Ukraine and all the cities of central Russia.»
In the prewar years, the hunting dog breeding is developing steadily, has created several public breeding kennels major breeds of hunting dogs and nurseries in the military societies of hunters and kennel MOOiR where breeding was carried out with the hounds. The first tests of bows and packs of hounds were held in 1926. In 1927, tests were carried out has single.
From 1926 to 1932 it was conducted 6 regional samples hounds. In 1930, he organized and constantly worked to the Great Patriotic War, Moscow test station hounds. The work was done under the direction of N. Pakhomov, Dmitriev BV, Kazan VI, livestock breed hounds in Russia grew, establish breeding. Trade has carried out regularly, according to the expert-Union category VI Kazan, even in wartime, in a grave in 1943 was held Moscow exhibition, and it was billed three pack of hounds.
A flock of voluntary sports society «DYNAMO» It won first place, a flock of the Central Council of the All-Army military-hunting society -Second, Tula society of hunters – the third. During the Great Patriotic War, all purebred breeding hunting dog has suffered enormous damage in many regions was formed uterine nest rock hounds killed.
Immediately after the war in 1945 was held in Moscow interregional exhibition of hunting dogs and in this exhibition was presented 81 Russian hound from Moscow, Gorky (Nizhny Novgorod), Yaroslavl, Tver. Thanks to enthusiasts gonchatnikam in the postwar years, the number of hounds fairly quickly grew.
In 50-70 years, one of the most active leading experts was section chief Russian hounds in Moscow GV Bogush, who led the breeding sector in the nursery and breeding VNIIO thing in the cattery «Zagotzhivsyre» Yaroslavl. Big fan of hounds, he nevertheless dealt some damage to the rock, strong-willed decision promoting the descendants of exterior, but a mediocre employee Blower 293 / g.
Great contribution to the development of the breed Russian hound made MA Sergeev, E.V.Shmit, R.I.Shiyan Dmitriev VB and other enthusiasts gonchatniki. In the fifties — sixties in many hunting grounds and MOOiR Military ohotnichichih societies kept good hounds, hunting is widely practiced with them and participate in the exhibition as individual exhibitors as well as the team of game farms and nurseries.
In the fifties, it was formed Union of hunters « RosOkhotRybolovSoyuz» and in 1951 he worked out a comprehensive assessment of the criteria for hunting dogs, where dogs were evaluated not only on the exterior, but also on working qualities, and that is not unimportant, as the producers of the working generations. The introduction of integrated assessment served as a powerful impetus to the dramatic expansion of field trials and competitions of hunting dogs.
AT «MOOiR» created permanent testing stations in Gubin and Plaskinine. If earlier in the exhibitions of dogs assessment conducted mainly on the exterior, it is now, without a diploma to work in the field and working the children, the dog could not be a champion exhibitions.
All provincial and many regional companies were created sections of rocks, worked full-time dog handlers and breeders active hunters. This gave a noticeable effect, there were outstanding workers and exterior hounds who regularly exhibited at various exhibitions and on the most prestigious — Moscow.
In the sixties and seventies came the real heyday of hounds in Russia. Low cost of permits, availability of sufficient grounds hares, efficient operation of sections of societies of hunters and routine breeding work have paid off.
In many hunting grounds MOOiR kept hounds. For instance in Dubna Hunting lease MOOiR had 14 bases and containing more than 20 rangers Russian hounds. Dubna and hunting farm Krivandinskoe considered MOOiR nurseries. The former director of the Dubna hunting farm, an expert of the first category VI Zharov, my old friend, who is over 80 years old, told me that they were taken at the Moscow exhibition of 15 to 20 hounds.
So at the Moscow exhibition in 1970 it was billed 274 hounds (Russian and Russian piebald) of which 164 dogs (60%) belonged ohotobschestvam MOOiR military and society of hunters. That is hunting with hounds it is widely practiced in almost all hunting grounds and was attractive and accessible to ordinary hunters. There were bright breed representatives of Russian and Anglo-Russian (Russian piebald) hounds.
In the Moscow region worked fruitfully with hounds and had the luxury of dogs: SM Pashkov, KA Klimachev, N.P.Gribov, PI Leonov. IN Polyakov, VM Filatov, VG Silicon BI Markov, Yu.V.Pogrebnoy, SP Malolin, BS Ants, LA Titov, NM Pavlukhin, A.N.Kuzyaev gonchatniki and other enthusiasts who have studied and then we will.
The Moscow exhibition is a feast for all the breeders of the country, for example at the Moscow 50th Anniversary Exhibition in 1978 was exhibited in 1752 hunting dogs, among them graduates working qualities in 1111 copies, is not it flourishing Canine! Russian hounds on this show was billed -123, Russian piebald-78, Estonian hounds -4.
Many years have passed since I started the first hound, but I remember how, under the auspices RosOkhotRybolovSoyuz held in 1987 in Moscow, Ostankino Park sixth All-Russian Exhibition of hunting dogs. It was attended by representatives of Belarus, Ukraine, Armenia, Georgia, Latvia.
Military representatives of hunting societies and operating nurseries still hunting dogs (by the way, the price of recording at such a show was -3 ruble). The exhibition catalog was published hardcover in an amount 6000ekz., The price of 3 rubles. This exhibition gathered the best representatives of hunting dogs of the Soviet Union. In the exhibition catalog written Russian hounds-151, Russian piebald-105, the Estonian hounds-11, the Latvian -6. Exhibited was much more.
The exhibition was held at a very high level. The first place was taken by team MOOiR course, while the most numerous and wealthy society of hunters of the Soviet Union. In this exhibition, exhibited famous vyzhletsy: h. Karai 5533 Zhulisa, ch.Bayan 5034. Butorina, h. Buran 5074 Sidorenko, Bass 6381 Zvereva, h. Raskat 5392 Pashkov, who left a large footprint in the rock hounds Russian worthy ancestors of many of today’s hounds.
While almost every week in the evenings going MOOiR avid gonchatniki, they come from all over the area and discussed their plans and problems were heated debates and late telling his hunting stories, and we then still young, I listened with interest to veterans.
We move forward with the story. Perestroika began, and at the break periods in 1991, the catalog of the 60th anniversary of the Moscow exhibition of hunting dogs were the efforts of the department sections and dog are recorded all the cool dogs registered in MOOiR. Canes recorded: 254-Russian, Russian piebald-117, 28-Estonian, Latvian-8.
You can also note that the Moscow exhibition in 1990, was put up in 2486 hunting dogs of all breeds are klassnyh58.2% of these hounds: Russian — 78 Russian piebald — 77, Estonia — 19, Latvia 1. Total beagle-175, one class, ie with certificates on working qualities – 62.2%. All this once again confirms the high quality of the breeding work with hounds in the not so distant time in the central regions of Russia. This high quality was obtained thanks to the hard work of enthusiasts gonchatnikov Moscow region.
But the Soviet Union collapsed, fell on troubled times: a parade of sovereignties, empty shelves, rapid inflation, loss of savings, non-payment of wages, unemployment, ethnic conflicts. Dramatically change the socio-economic situation slowed down and threw back the Russian hunting dog breeding. Livestock cool dogs dramatically reduced, because often when people have nothing to eat, not to many dogs. Currently, there is a sharp division of society into poor and rich, the middle class and living in poverty.
The bulk gonchatnikov it is known to the people not the rich, who live mainly in the countryside and in small towns and villages.
Currently, there are several major factors leading to an objective reduction in the number of hounds in the central regions of Russia, especially in Moscow, where more than 17.5 million. People, population density is 372 people sq km.
- Urbanization of the environment, widespread human pressure on the natural hunting ground.
- Reducing public hunting areas, the transfer of land by local authorities to private hunting farm in the grounds of its allowed only the right people.
- Mass deforestation, and the transfer of former farmland country construction.
- Commercialization of hunting, in which hunting farm focused on breeding ungulates.
- The sharp rise in prices during the exhibitions and tests.
- Low interest of officials from hunting, because gonchatnikov their hares take nothing.
- Generational change and the loss of hunting traditions of this, because young people are unfortunately infantile, inactive and hunts more in the social networks on their own kind, in the show ring and in the hunting grounds is rare to find a young person, more middle-aged and older.
- The dramatic decline in the number of hare lands in the 90 and 2000s.
But despite all of the above, work with hounds in Russia because of enthusiasts continues. Even in dashing the nineties. In 1995, she holds an exhibition dedicated to the centennial of the Russian hound. The exhibition was held in Tver under the supervision of an expert Vserosijsky category Sipeykina VP
There were exposed:
- Russian hounds -69, including elite-class 9.Pervy-34, the second class-13, ie, 81% of all classrooms.
- Russian piebald-94, of which 72% of classrooms.
The title of champion of the All-Russian jubilee exhibition of domestic hounds got Russian vyzhlets Gul Petrov AA 8404 (Yaroslavl) and Russian vyzhlovka Shumkov (ow. Kilnevoy EV Ivanovo) and Russian piebald vyzhlets Pour Bylinin AA (Tula).
History does not stand still. At the beginning of the twenty-first century, in 2000 at the Moscow exhibition was put up: Russian hounds -33, -44 Russian piebald, Estonia -9. This was the last exhibition where you could buy the publication Vserosijsky rodoslovno- studbook breeding of hunting dogs. Now they are sold or issued.
In 2001 it was registered in MOOiR classroom (with a diploma) Russian hounds -70, 40 pegih- Russian, Estonian hounds -18. The Moscow exhibition in 2001 was attended by only half of the recorded dogs. To continue and proceed to our days, it took another 10 years and that’s what the results we came today.
Referring to the results of the Moscow inter-regional exhibition of hunting dogs, which took place in the park Nogatinskaya floodplain 26 -27 May 2012. The exhibition, in which I took part, together with the expert category Vserosijsky Korneev NS as a member of the commission for Russian hounds started not very good.
Catalog of the exhibition resembles the Soviet school notebook for 3 kopecks. People who came from neighboring regions recognized that the price of the exhibition of 2,000 rubles per dog for non-members MOOiR, unfolded, said not quite censorship words to the organizers and left. That is, I think, important reason for the small number of exhibitors. Russian hounds in the ring was withdrawn a total of 27 dogs.
That is, the Moscow exhibition attracted fewer participants than any exhibition or whether the district 70s. I remember being in my home town of Dmitrov, Moscow Region 70 — 80 –ies in the regional exhibition with music and songs, was exposed to 50 or more hounds.
The results of the exhibition are as follows.
Vyzhletsov Russian hounds put -16. In the younger group, 8 in the middle-1, in the high-7. Of these cool dogs -6, including elite-2, I tribes. klass- 2, II tribes. class 2.
Vyzhlovok Russian hounds inserted -11. In the younger group, 2 in the middle, 2, in the older -7. Of these cool dog-8, including elite -2, I tribes. Class-2, II- tribes. Class -4.
- Champion of the breed became vyzhlets RG Tuman2170 / 06 (140 points) owner Blinov MA Volokalamsky district.
- Champion of the exhibition was vyzhlets RG Amur2660 / 08 (133 points) Galkin AN owner Krasnogorsk.
- Champion became vyzhlovka Laughs 2660/08 is. Galkin AN Krasnogorsk.
Exhibited dogs were mainly very good exterior, were rated excellent and very good, and only one vyzhlets was rated good.
Prizes exhibitors unfortunately received a penny: collars, which the flags and stuff that and handing it inconvenient, officials from the Kennel MOOiR again, greedy, people are rightly offended by the fact that the price of the prizes does not correspond to the price for participation in the exhibition.
In the same in 2012 and held the All-Russian Exhibition of hunting dogs, which took place in Tula. In total, this exhibition was billed about 2000sobak. Canes predstavleno222 dogs, among them: Russian hounds -111, -76 piebald Russian, Estonian – 34 Polish Hound -1.
Of all the exposed hounds, cool dogs with wild diplomas and a good estimate of the exterior were put 55.2%, the highest percentage of 58.6% klassnyh- dogs, hounds was in Russian. These data indicate that, despite the downsizing hounds species level is high enough.
According to many exhibitors, participants and audience expectations were not justified, the organization of the exhibition can be considered only at a level satisfactory. Many participants noted good refereeing in the ring Russian hounds respected experts VM City of Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality, and OM Bogodyazh.
Prices for exhibitors and many are not pleased, and the hounds were put up for an event of this level is not enough. The level is not comparable with the level of exhibitions 80s. «RosOkhotRybolovSoyuz» spent, according to hunters expressed in the blogosphere, this exhibition at the 3-minus.
And in the end return to the Moscow Exhibition of 2013, where I was involved in the commission of Russian hounds together with respected experts V.M.Tsvanom and A. Prokhorov.
Russian hounds was billed a total of 26 units. Several Russian piebald hounds in general, referring to the small, were held in one ring, Estonians put just a little.
Russian hounds in the ring is exposed: in the younger age group: 3 vyzhletsa vyzhlovki and 2, in the middle group: 7 vyzhletsov vyzhlovki and 3, in the older age group of 5 and 6 vyzhlovok vyzhletsov. All dogs were highly exposed species and exterior assessment received excellent and very good. But, nevertheless, it was made a kind of negative record lowest attendance Moscow exhibitions.
In the ring it has not been exposed to any dog that can be assigned to a class — elite, in connection with which, for the first time in the history of Moscow exhibitions Russian hounds in the ring were not champions, but a statement of comprehensive assessment of fit on 2 sheets. In the first class of breeding dogs were 5 and in the second class of tribal-10. Most of the gold medal is not won no dog.
Greed MOOiR again manifested in the increase of the price for non-resident members and funny prizes a kopeck gun oil for the first place in the ring. Internet responded:«The finalized». Why MOOiR not solve the problem with the exhibition in the Moscow region, where it is not necessary to pay higher rent for the venue, do not attracting sponsors and revitalize the work of the Moscow exhibitions.
In conclusion, considering the history of exhibitions in Russia hounds, tracking history of the breed can be distinguished stages of hounds. The end of the nineteenth century consolidation and the establishment of the breed, imperialist war and revolution sharp decline and degradation, the restoration of the prewar years, the breed, with the support of the state. Great Patriotic War swept through the country and breeding dog breeding was thrown back.
It should be noted that the hard work breeders gave significant effect and 70 -80h of the twentieth century in Russia, many owners can be proud of their hounds, they showed shiny exterior and the outstanding quality of work.
The collapse of the Soviet Union, and completely change the social and economic structure of the society for the third time undermined the stable development of the hounds in our country, but thanks to enthusiasts, rock hounds gradually improved and there is a certain merit of simple, honest and dedicated to their hobby and the nature of the native people.
At the present stage, there are certain objective difficulties in the maintenance and nagonke hounds. Prihvatizatsii forest, agricultural and hunting lands, vague and ill-hunting laws create considerable difficulties enthusiasts of the breed.
In some areas with hounds is not allowed in the forest, there is no land for nagonki all measured ruble and hunting aimed only at commercial breeding ungulates. Officials from hunting do not listen to the opinion of lovers of hunting dogs. But the true hunter and does not go into the woods and into the field without his four-footed friend.
It is a simple hunter interested in preserving wildlife. And if the needs of fans of dog breeders will not be heard RosOkhotRybolovSoyuz leadership and Ministry of Natural Resources, will soon be so, that on the Moscow exhibition of hunting dogs no one will come. But the real enthusiasts will find out, they will be merged into their societies and clubs, and certainly there are people who will protect and promote their interests in dog blood.
Many Russian gonchatniki communicate with each other on the Internet, to share their joys and sorrows, and his lead, not subject to tribal officials work organized to participate in trials, competitions and exhibitions.
Dmitry Bagrov11 January 2014 at 11:38