Part 1. Terms and fishing equipment
In winter fisherman is constantly in different fishing conditions, to succeed where he has to solve a lot of tactical and technical tasks, both in terms of site selection and construction of the optimal gear. In this sense, it seems, ice fishing on a strong vortex flow, so even at great depths — One of the most troublesome winter recreational fishing.
This is due to the fact that large fast flowing rivers of ice after the establishment of a reliable fish quickly leaves the shallow coastal waters, and focuses on the fairway areas, gathering in large flocks, and will continue to actively feed. But in large rivers with a variety of habitat conditions in deep holes sustained over the fish often only defended and «Fodder» makes inroads in the relatively shallow areas, usually underwater rocky hills or ridges, borders rifts and pits, trenches piled deep channel. There is a fish rich pickings in the form of larvae and other aquatic organisms, and uses a variety of bottom fouling.
Fishermen from one year to try to remember these «fish cutlery» and regularly visit them. Good to navigate on the site and reliably pinpoint catchability «point» — One of the main components of success in catching such conditions. Error just 1-2 meters can lead to the complete absence of fish. For example, on the Oka often have to see how the crowd is good fishermen catch only one or two, and the rest are present as extras.
However, if no wait «sea weather» and start gradually to crush ice on the selected water area, where there are known to be at the bottom of attractive features for a fish, the luck did not take long, if you also have gear available, tailored to your current strength. This tactic is justified for the reason that after the next spring flood relief bottom of the river to a large extent varies, so each new winter season presents anglers «fresh» catchability point that it makes sense to look for, and then use them throughout the winter.
Good ice screws with sharp knives — a very important argument to claim for a good catch. And we must still be in possession of any replacement blades or diamond needle file for editing podsevshih knives — on the ice flow in a lot of small inclusions of river sand. Of the other fishing gear will definitely need a ladle with a long handle and bagorik having operational length of at least a meter. The fact that, for example, Oka, even on a strong current due to rapid stirring and ice cooling water reaches a thickness greater than in reservoirs.
Not more than a device would be a thin stick with a flyer at the end, the length of which also exceed the thickness of the ice. It can be cut in the coastal willow or combine both tools bagorike, strengthening its rear of a small piece of soft aluminum or copper wire with a diameter of about 1 mm. Make it easier just using thick rubber sleeve or winding vinyl chloride insulation. Such a tool is required for the reason that strong vortex flow monofilament is pressed to the wall of the well and is constantly moving up and down due to water pressure variations at her fishing line gradually «saws» ice and in the slot when removing the gear stuck sinker, the jig. If the fish on the hook, then this interference usually leads to it immediately. With the Flyers tackle pushed by cutting and safely removed from the wells. To further get rid described inconvenience, the hole should be drilled in the ice with a significant tilt: ice screws zaburivaetsya first vertically and then collapses on its side, so far as the diameter of the screw — slope holes in the ice moves in the direction of flow.
It is clear that strong currents and large depth of the tackle should be heavy. Normally are two main types of snap-ins: a terminal and a lead sinker above it, and the so-called Oka «durilka». Outside the simplicity of such gear is rather conventional. the main thing — to set up equipment for the specific conditions of fishing: the depth and strength of the current, active fish, the presence of a number of other anglers. The latter is essential because too light tackle will be subject to large demolition and over will «catch» fishermen sitting below. On the contrary, too much heavy gear, standing upright in the hole, will engage closely spaced upstream fellow passions, and it is likely a fish will ignore.
Optimally, the fishing line with the sinker by the action of the flow into the hole left by an angle of approximately 30 degrees, that is practically the angle of inclination of the barrel to flow well. So gear in both cases the equipment becomes extremely sensitive to biting, because most of the effort in potyazhke fish will come from the line that goes to the lodge, not the lead.
Other clear rules that must be followed in the selection of the parameters of equipment: the stronger the current, the heavier the load, longer and thinner than the lead; the shallower or weaker during the easier the goods required. Usually fishermen carry a set of interchangeable weights of different weights and leashes of different length and diameter, fitted with the jig, the hook, and they are stored on the marked motoviltse.
Incidentally, casing with a terminal equipped with a sinker or jig with a lead of up to 0.3 g, or leash with hook — it works better with very poor biting. A hook in both cases is to have a long forearm and be perfectly sharp and durable, as the fish takes on a flow dramatically and often intersect itself. It is best to comply with such requirements import hooks. Jig hooks, and it is desirable to use a dark color. Here it is more commonly used conical lead with a base diameter equal to the height.
For «durilka» Moving applies gruzilo-«olive» with an eccentric hole, which reduces the bend of line in it and improves the sensitivity of the whole gear. Georgia and leash attached with carabiner and swivel — This prevents twisting of the fishing line and allows you to quickly modify the tackle.
The main line was used by a sufficiently large diameter, 0.2-0.25 mm, which slows «sawing» the walls of the hole and protects tackle from tangling on the ice when fishing in strong winds. On a leash are quality transparent monofilament thickness to 0.15 mm.
Udilnik better use of the coil for operational maneuver to tackle. He should have enough heavy handle, and shestike — flyer-stand: it is not so «will tighten» in the hole or not to reset at a sharp bite.
Anatoly Mailkov18 December 2014 at 00:00