A visit to the climbers

Once upon a time, hundreds of thousands of years ago, the ancestors of the protein, leading terrestrial life, began to explore the vacant niche in the tree layer, but so have adapted to this existence, that now the whole life of proteins is closely connected with trees.

A visit to the climbers

Fig. 1.
Imprint jump on proteins shallow wet snow. November 1992

The structure of her body, tenacious paws, long tail, an employee at the wheel of the pole tree on tree made of animal in perfect dart frogs. A. Brehm calls the northern squirrel monkey for her virtuosity move on branches. In addition to the main Vibrissa muzzle, from It contains sensitive hairs on chest inner side tabs. Thus, hugging a tree, the protein is able to feel his whole body.

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Squirrel — kind of interesting in many ways. But, as I would have no wanted, all I deviating from the description of her lifestyle and I focus on tracks that the rodent leaves during its existence. For all their secrecy (it is not to tame, urban whites living in parks, and only about wild animal) red squirrel in Unknown to the human eye, he declares currently due to the following, which, especially in winter, there are almost more traces of other wild animals. Compete with her This may be our only two hares.

In June — July, somewhere in dirt road or near a forest pools where protein resorted to drink happens to see the footprints of the animal. Squirrel in the foot this time not so hairy, both in winter and because traces of traces of legs a bit like a rat. But Location clutches always «squirrel» — trapezoid four points, each paw prints. Two small, closely spaced front legs at the bottom, two large, rear, in a splayed side — up. Squirrel moves on earth, like a hare, always jumping. Doing push front legs, rear makes it far ahead. The only difference that the hare puts his front paws in series, one after the other, and Protein keeps them as ass­of at level. A because the trail turns first «tee», a squirrel — at an inverted trapezoid.

The classic signs of proteins are used remnants beast cones scattered on under the fir trees and snow pines. Such traces we see in mostly in the winter, and because they are familiar to us. But Once the exact same «Business Cards» I proteins I found in mid-July. One unusual for the summer season were gnawed and rods flakes fir cones in the midst of fragrant green forest floor. But it is a fact. Several piles of compact shishechnyh debris scattered on a small area of ​​mixed forest, pointed that protein dine ground in several places (rubbish proteins on nursing tree, scattered evenly a large area). Noteworthy that protein nibbled still green, unripe cones; Judging by around, it is well suited. The same immature cones are in August and spotted woodpecker, knocking them to the his «forges».

Summer and autumn — most intense Miscellaneous­shaped feed time for the protein. AND animals bite everything they can. Starting from kidney wood, green plants and spruce seeds and ending with mushrooms, old bones and bird eggs. AT the summer does not eat proteins only plant foods, but and include animals. ABOUT omnivorous proteins also wrote N. sweet, exposing the mysterious beast in the eponymous children’s stories, I remember with childhood. It is well known fondness for protein mushrooms. These animals willingly bite hats of different fruiting bodies macromycetes. The width of the grooves on the tooth squirrel hats and aspen mushrooms brown cap boletus little more than the width of those from forest and voles other small rodents forest. Curiously, on the As the fungus grows and bitten and traces of squirrels other bites on it.

A visit to the climbers

Fig. 2.Letnie (July) marks the ordinary belki.Sleva presented a set of non-food residues abandoned squirrel after extraction of seeds of unripe (green) spruce cones: cores, flakes and remnants themselves achenes — lionfish and seed coats. In this case, the earliest check-protein feeding on fresh fir cones — July 23, 2008 g.Vnizu — imprint jump squirrel crossing the muddy forest roads.

Considerable interest for Ranger are fungi that protein hangs on branches to dry. This reserve for winter. Squirrel dry as edible mushrooms (russula, mushrooms), and amanita. I always get just the fly agaric, and If it is not jokes mushroom pickers, then, no matter how there is, — Work proteins. AN Formosa «Companion Ranger» mentions reserve proteins, consisting of about 250 fungi, hung on the beast an area of ​​10 to 25 meters. However, likely due to their short-term memory is almost All of small rodents, it is not He remembers all the places of their stocks and He finds them only occasionally. Even more rarely happens to stumble upon posted by somewhere on twig whitewashed time and weathered bone. it’s the same «squirrel hand» business. It turns out that the protein is not procured only mushrooms. However, these findings are extremely rare. On occasion proteins really gnaw dry lain long bones and discarded elk antlers, replenishing your body with mineral salts.
With the end of autumn squirrel preparing for vengeance Winter Meeting. TO December ends the second autumn molt through which becomes thick fur and changes its color to bluish-gray, winter. Only one tail, slowly moulting once in a year, almost changes color. The approaching winter is preparing for a protein or a well-fed and carefree life, or wandering hungry. AND This can be explained by footsteps.

Ineffable luck if yield per year spruce seeds. Seeds for eating proteins — the most coveted and complete food on all seasons of the year, and especially in winter. AT such years ripe snow under fir trees covered with a carpet of clean gnawed fir cones and rods their scales. AT this time, the forest comes alive. On spruce thrives not feed Only protein. Klestil, colorful woodpeckers, titmice, tree vole and Other enough to enjoy a full fir seeds. AT such winter life forests full swing! Not so bad, if we find the remains of a meal under a pine tree squirrel — rods and scales of pine cones, — for protein is a minor winter feed. On pine seed animal as a good way to survive. But obviously, protein hard times, if we come across everywhere snow pits dug it up land with the remnants of the accident found the blackened walnut or unite «sour» bumps dropped once and crossbills lain for over a year. A on snow under aspen, which jumped protein — crumbling and dirty the remains of lichens, which had to settle in poor animal fodder shortage. AT such «not spruce» years of starving and proteins able to overcome kormnyh search of places long distances. Their stay day after day «dead» winter forest is becoming more fatal. AT such cases all live up to spring. Sometimes, in lean on seeds spruce years under these trees is often necessary to observe a carpet of «nastrizhennyh» conifer twigs. A closer look shows that the kidney such «legs» eaten by a squirrel. Intact but empty shells soft, as if repeating the form of the kidneys. TO Unfortunately, spruce bud as bark of trees, and lichen — Random Food items — from labor and help transfer protein without severe conditions of winter.

In addition to good nutrition, an important factor in the survival proteins winter is her nest. Protein can settle in and magpie even the crow’s nest, birdhouse, often a hollow tree, but often she is the same master socket itself. Nest proteins on hunting language — Heine, a work of art of the four-legged craftsmen (especially in winter). It is a dense, spherical creature with one lateral inlet and Barely larger than a soccer ball, outside built from twigs, bark, with interweaving of stalks of grass, moss and green lichen. Close to center building material becomes thinner and softer. Finally, inside the cozy nest is laid out with feathers, hair, plant down, linden bast and etc. N. Rukovsky notes that once found the squirrel nest, which was fully packed with capercaillie feather. Apparently, some predator tore nearby capercaillie, providing protein interior materials. Their nests (in one female may be several) proteins have usually firs of the second tier, near forest edges, forest and trails glades; the density of the needles on such firs ever tighter. In addition, fresh nests are often built outside of the living spruce branches, and until showered needles, a nest among the fir paws unobtrusive.

A visit to the climbers

Fig. 3.Neprigodnye food of the pine cones thrown proteins on utility bills. Massive spruce seed crop — the main food squirrel in the winter — is repeated every 3-4 years; these a 2-3 «hungry off-season», many populations of mature pine squirrels hold different age structure, content with a secondary food — pine seeds. Thus, the first traces of protein feedings pervozimyu already possible to predict the yield of fir semyan.Sleva depicted short rods pine cones, right — cut cheshuyki.Molodye pine plantations on the edge of the old quarries of clay. Churchyard-Yakovlevsky, beginning in December 2005

By the winter of protein especially warms the nest, which, along with the warm fur of the animal, and high-calorie food from the seeds of spruce cones, will be its main escape from severe frosts and piercing winter winds. But see the squirrel in the winter day, away from the cities and parks — rare success. AND This is despite the that this animal — only in our middle band, leading exclusively diurnal. AND Only the white of the page which is the whole winter «write about protein his affairs», Will talk about the hunter-tracker where he lives and what does this cute little animal.

Alex Subbotin28 June 2013 at 00:00

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