The ancestors of the ancient peoples inhabiting the modern Norway, in the early stages of development involved in fishing and hunting craft.
And this phenomenon is typical of the vast majority of earthlings. What is surprising is that in the small town of Alta remained the most massive in Northern Europe cave paintings, dating from the late Neolithic (Stone Age), made in 2500–6000 years ago.
PARADISE FOR FISHING
In Norway, countless rivers and other water bodies of different. The fish are caught everywhere in the sea and on the banks of the fjords, lakes and mountain streams, where there is a quarter of a million. And nowhere is there are so many «fish» museums scattered throughout the country.
The small fishing town Skudeneskhavn settled on the southern spit of the island Carmen. His tiny houses huddle to the rock, which gently slope down to the pier. Arriving here on the fjord, you can enjoy not only simply prepared fish dishes, but also constructed to meet the love of the local fishermen’s museum exposition. It says among other things, about the campaign for herring in Riga, Danzig, Königsberg and St. Petersburg.
It is hard to imagine how best to sing the work of the common man, without seeing a woman with a monument in the city of Kristiansund cod. This town on the three islands until the 1960s lived mostly by cod fishing and processing. Isolation hindered its development before oil development. Now back to the holding of the largest roads in Norway, much has changed. Besides the monument woman with cod, cod Museum attracts tourists, is located on the waterfront Gomalande, one of the city’s three islands.
For cod in Norway, as is known, special treatment. And it demonstrates the life of the Lofoten Islands, which together with the archipelago Vesterelen is an amazing, fairy-tale world. As from January to April here from the Barents Sea Arctic cod shoals come on Lofoten attracts fishermen from all over Norway. Constantly also live there, several thousand fishermen who prefer to live in isolation from the rest of the world. To be more precise, in the most remote islands of the archipelago – Thresholds, and Rest on the rocks arrive to nest more than 5 million. Birds. Previously, you could even go hunting for sea eagle. The islands still use the services of six-fingered dog mostad. Once upon a time it was used in the hunt for a bird impasse or sea parrot. In the Russian North, her name puffin.
What we are interested in, is in Moskenes, where you need to get to the last inhabited spot on the southern tip of the Lofoten Islands. The settlement, where only 31 houses, now declared a national treasure. In such «overpopulated»God-forsaken village has its own fishing museum. In a small boathouse stands Press streak for fish oil and the village bakery still bakes great bread in their old furnaces. And it is on the edge of the world!
In the Museum of the Moskenes fishing villages, the former Museum of cod. This museum shows all the stages of preparation of the oldest commercial product in Norway – dried cod.
At the same Lofoten is the city Annenes, surviving in the XVII century during the recession thanks to the capital of the Dutch whalers who used the then village as a base. Today it satisfied the sea «safari»And the boat can approach the twenty-meter sperm whale weighing up to 70 tons at a distance of 10–15 meters. In Annenese also not without a museum called Whaling center where offered an exposition dedicated to whales and whaling.
In the city center Sande Fjord stands the famous monument to the glory of the whalers, who once brought him prosperity. No wonder there is now the presence of the Museum of whaling. The exposition is dedicated to the art of whaling – from the elementary to the formidable weapons Eskimo harpoon cannons of our time. The zoological section of the museum you can see copies of whales in Antarctica and the Arctic.
To complete the examples of the life and production of whales, fast forward to Tonsberg – the oldest town in Norway, founded a year before the Viking king Harald Fairhair unified the country in 872. Later Foyn Sven was born here, the same Norwegian, invented a new weapon to hunt whales.
In the center of Tonsberg, Vestfold is Filkemuzeum with its expositions of archeology, traditional fishing and whaling. Here are the 13 buildings of the museum under the open sky.
It makes no sense to list all the Norwegian fisheries museum. Maybe it should be called the Polar Museum in the old capital of the Arctic – Tromso is located on the same island. Residents here, apparently, with humor and called the Paris of the North for its vibrant nightlife.
Polar Museum is placed in a customs building, which local authorities are considered to historical monuments. The exposition is arranged by topic. One of them covers methods of catching. Other topics are devoted to hunting equipment and information about the local fauna.
NOT ONLY «SILENT» HUNTING
From the Neolithic hunting passion Norwegians not waned. 4.5 million people accounts for nearly 200 thousand hunters. And because of the harsh climate of hunting in Norway for many centuries with fishing has been the main source of supply of the majority of the population. From here still maintain a commitment to the Norwegian venison and fish. Preparation of simple sures and fish dishes do not require sophisticated cutlery, so plug in everyday life of the population appeared only in 1850. «Packed Lunches» and it is very popular. With Russian and Norwegian brings especially since it is the main food of the poor – potatoes with herring. The peoples of the two countries’ good there in the past. Since the end of the XVIII century begins to develop rapidly exchange of goods between the inhabitants of northern Russia and northern Norway, called «Pomor trade». The northernmost town of Hammerfest in Norway in general owes its origin to trade with Russian Pomerania, who taught the local population whaling and the hunting of polar bear.
A quarter of the country, located mainly in the coastal areas covered with forest. In the south and south-west of deciduous forests in the east and north – conifers. In the far north of Norway lies the tundra. In the south and south-east of live elk, deer, fox, otter, marten. In the northern part – reindeer, polar fox, wolf, wolverine, Arctic hare and lemming.
Among the most popular small game hunters enjoys snow partridge, expertly cooked meat which has a delicious taste. From big game often hunted wild reindeer and elk. Hunting «King of the Forest»As called moose in Norway, it has recently become a real national hobby. Only in one central area in 2008 to hunt in the local forests came about 12 thousand hunters. That same year, the authorities have established a quota for shooting a moose in the 35 thousand heads.
From the Norwegian coast and Mel Fjord to the west to the mountain range along the Swedish border stretch of four protected areas and national park «Mountain salt and black glacier». His amazing birch forests rich in these latitudes the vegetation, including rare species such as arctic rhododendron. The area of the park in 2105 square kilometers.
From Mosieena to Trondheim for 400 kilometers along the lake road passes through endless pine forests, the richest in game in Norway. On the border between the provinces of Nordland and Nord-Trøndelag stretches National Park «Bergefel». In these parts with a variety of landscapes found foxes and wolverines.
In Namsskogane begin endless wild pine and spruce forests – Currently eldorado for hunters: an abundance of moose, deer and deer, wild reindeer, mink and partridges. There are beavers, lynx and brown bear, which is not allowed to shoot.
Near the Mosieena located Namsskogan Familliepark where elks, martens, polecats and red foxes. To the south, on the banks of the river Namsen salmon, farm Gartland is owned by three generations of English lords who came to fish here.
Founded in 1644 to support the operation of copper mines town of Roros classified by UNESCO world heritage objects in order to preserve the ancient wooden buildings.
Around the pine forests and huge boulders on the surface of the hilly national park «Femunsmarka»Through which quietly roam semi-domesticated reindeer and wild musk oxen. The park is bordered by two large natural reserves and with the Swedish national park. Brown bears come here from Sweden.
Located south of the «Femundsmarka» among the dense virgin pine forests National Park «Gutulia»It allows to admire the 250-year-old fir trees, and even more ancient pines.
Valery PANKRATOV15 May 2014 at 00:00