Part 2. The behavior of fish and fishing safety
Photo: Anatoly Mailkov
After the equipment can begin to tackle a thorough preparation for the season, as the former fishing is largely limited to security and you probably will use last year’s gear. Despite the obvious common sense, hardly anyone of avid anglers out on the ice with the new gear. However, this is a reason, because during the summer to forget setting a particular fishing rods and fishing line exactly how much is left after the break and dressing equipment. It is checked at the first output on ice.
It makes sense to expand the «on the shelves» most standard versions of the first fishings.
It starts catching on shallow waters without currents, closed against the wind and being away from the city and its heat. Danger awaits in places where the coastal zone of reeds and cane, standing in water. Ice is always weak. More dangerous places around the steep bank. It is worth recalling that the strongest transparent ice. In small ponds and lakes prevails in catches perch, roach and gudgeon less. Perch all concentrated in the first days of the freeze-up in shallow coastal zone, on the border of vegetation in the bay. Each pond, there are places where bass are always kept from year to year and throughout the year. Clearly, if such a place known, then everything in the art.
Most fish have to search and «beat» Number of holes. The good news is that the smaller the pond, the parking area is less than perch, and vice versa. Roach is more inclined to move, but it can sometimes be to keep the bait. This fails in areas in which the fish «slide» after the period of the first ice. Roach played on the touchline near the holes and then you can keep it and, incidentally, do it briefly. When a roach is on a deep place with a flat bottom, there is more effective bait.
About two or three days, the ice gets in deeper lakes of oblong with a decent depth, but only if the quiet windless weather. Go on the ice without ice pick is simply impossible. If you fall through the pond, most likely, near the shore on the rocks, but on the lake ice can bring on deep enough to drown. I strongly advise not to go onto the ice alone. With all my long experience I had last year almost fell on the lake on «scratch»And very sorry that went alone, since fishing had to stop. Just in case.
The behavior of fish in the lake is very diverse, and if a reservoir of oblong form, then it is difficult to predict. If the bottom topography is more or less uniform, it is necessary to look for some level. Lighter and easier to start from the shore. If relief is rugged, with sharp eyebrows and wells, at first, I explore all the coastal and shallow bays, and watering, and then move on to the touchline. It is important to understand how to become ice on the pond.
Usually bays freeze much faster, sometimes a few days earlier. Then, the ice gets almost all of the pond, but over the riverbed, if there is at least some within the ice can get more later. Thus, the ice always different in thickness and should always be alert when moving. It should be noted that crawl on thin ice, and it makes little sense, since the fish are now active in places where the ice was formed earlier. This is the main difference between the lakes with a constant level of water regulated by dams.
In such reservoirs produced water discharge planning autumn to winter levels. Fish naturally goes deepest place. The cut from the bed of the pits is only a trifle, and all other fish – on the way. Ice on reservoirs, even neighboring ones, become at different times. First, in the bays and in the places covered by the wind. Very often a reliable ice channel is formed within a week, or even two, after been caught in the bays. In reservoirs roach and perch are caught great and deep bay, but bream and pike are in no hurry to leave the track. Fishing is complicated by the fact that there, where now stands the big fish, ice or unreliable, or not at all. This is the main problem of the first ice on our waters. Several smoothes the desire of some fishermen necessarily swim that rumors «walruses» disperse rapidly, and that can be found and a relatively safe location. In any large body of water there is always an area in which both bream and pike fit fairly close to the shore and go for a few days in a deep bay. Moreover, it makes sense to catch pike directly into the shallow coastal zone, located near the river bed. It is now all the fish are biting, and hence, there is a predator.
The hardest thing for those who live or have an opportunity to catch only on the river. Still, you can always find a bay or creek, which temporarily concentrated fish. Personally, I have not once been very successful catch good fish in small, not to say «microscopic» bays river Istra and the Moskva River. It got to the joke, when ice extended no more than a meter from the edge of the coast. We had to sit on the shore, put his feet on the ice and catch. And it pecked very decent-sized perch. Once on the Moscow River near Zvenigorod together in three hours it was caught about six kilograms of perch than four holes in the ice near the shore.
Now two major difficulty – choose a pond where the bite, and not to fail. And the reason is one – Unstable weather. Moscow fishermen can not get used to «Global Climate Change» during the formation of the first ice. I’m here two weeks ago, has once again come to know the difference of the first ice fisherman and fish. I went catch rotan by the closure of the season in a well-known place that summer — «aquarium». Catching boils down to, to periodically change the maggots on the hook and sort their catch. But this time, not a single bite. Cause I know, because this is not the first case.
The fact is that in the first night frozen ice on a pond that the forest has already got up. Thin ice, but it is four days completely covered pond. And all for the fish winter came. Rota, as you know, after a few days pervoledya concentrated in flocks near the shore, and then forms a large school and moved to the deepest part of the pond. While fish from the shore, it is properly and actively biting, but as soon as she slips into the pit stops biting until spring. Biting is certainly there, but very sluggish and cautious. In this case, I was not ready to catch rotan from a distance of 50-60 meters, and had no particular desire.
Something similar is also observed in other bodies of water, both small and large. The repeated formation and melting of ice, or the destruction of his excitement of water leads to the fact that the angler gets to physically active pervoledny nibble. There’s nothing you can do, but it is understood that when the ice is safe, you will immediately find yourself in the winter. In accordance with the need to prepare and gear, hoping for a cautious nibble. First of all, it concerns amateurs jig and float rod.
But to blesnilschikam that focus on large perch and zander, this rule is almost irrelevant. At a time when small and peaceful fish dramatically reduce activity, pike, on the contrary, will continue to actively hunt. Well, on the burbot and say nothing. From peaceful fish are most likely to be active bream, that’s just not easy to look for it. This fish is the first time constantly moving as long as does not take the usual winter «apartment».
I must say that rybolovy-«annuals» continue to hunt in open water for them zero temperature and the absence of ice only on the hand. They are caught and catch perch, roach, gudgeon, white bream and dace. Beginners should keep in mind that small rivers are now virtually all the fish slid down into deeper space. Typically, this deep spills in predplotinnyh zones. Once the ice and get up here, part of the fish, including all the big fish and the predator will remain in the floods, but the small starts again to go up the river. As the formation of ice on the river fish will rise higher and reach the summer parking places. But it will not soon.
Part 1. "Russian newspaper for hunters" Number 853
Andrew Yanshevskiy7 December 2010 at 14:49