East Siberian Laika, which was formed as the aboriginal hunting dog in Eastern Siberia, is by far the most common hunting dog in this vast region.
Photo by Sergey Desyatov
The first (temporary) standard for the breed was adopted in 1949, with 1969 started breeding methods in the factory Irkutsk nursery of game dogs, which existed before 1992.
C 1992 East Siberian huskies breeding is carried out only by private breeders. East Siberian huskies Record at Russian stud book hunting dog breeding was started in 1975, starting from Champion Djulbars 1001 / LAN on the end of 2013 in It had only dogs in 1158 (20 times less than NLB). Few Easterners exposed and at exhibitions (at the National Show of hunting dogs Thule 2012 was presented to all 34 AFL).
This is partly explained by the fact that most of the population to breed still centered in places of its native habitat in Siberian outback and is in the hands of rural hunters, who traditionally belong to the disdainfully registration documents to visit exhibitions, giving the principal value of working qualities of dogs.
Of course, this approach helps to keep working the East Siberian husky, but adversely affect the signs and exterior preservation significantly limits opportunities selecting manufacturers for breeders involved in breeding.
Limited selection, and also considerable geographical distance breeding foci are one of the reasons that to breed still widely practiced mating dogs of unknown origin, the so-called «Aboriginal fishing areas».
Supporters of the use of tribal Aborigines argue his position, as a rule, that left the fishing grounds of the dog have the best quality and performance «fresh» blood. Many visiting the different regions of Eastern Siberia and the With a wide range of contacts with hunters, we can agree with that, in spite of loss values modern world of commercial hunting in Siberian countryside are still more stringent requirements working qualities of hunting dogs than anywhere else.
At the same time with this typically totally absent any requirement to exterior in connection with than the level of the breed huskies in areas where specialists are not selection work is being planned, is extremely low. This was noted by hunters and Irkutsk Expert AV Geytsa half a century ago, in while many fishing areas were difficult to access and Siberia huskies local populations existed quite isolated.
In the past decade, the situation was aggravated by the uncontrolled importation of dogs, even inoporodnyh the most remote areas, which are As the oil and gas industry Siberia and road building became available. Besides that the oil workers, road builders and just locals imported different breeds of dogs to protect or as companions, hunters themselves often become breed huskies in cities bring them to improve (as it seems) the local livestock.
Very often, in examining fishing areas huskies, not with documents origin, conversation with their owners, we find out that the ancestors of these dogs were brought to the «Large land», at including from regions where widespread West Siberian Husky.
We can not note appeared on fashion volkosobov — Wolf hybrids huskies, which are not and passed Siberia. Thus, we are convinced that Currently, pure native populations of the East Siberian husky is not exist. Using breeding dogs, not having accurate documented information about their ancestors, we do not improve the breed, and just bring in her «genetic trash».
Therefore, we believe that, the example of other breeds, it is high time to stop access to East Siberian huskies viscous, not chetyrehkolennoy have full pedigree. AND not we must fear that the ban on mating dogs of unknown origin will reduce the gene pool of the breed.
Firstly, the ban may cause a number of owners more responsible approach to the execution of documents, which will reduce the number of unplanned litters, from which is born today, the lion’s share «Aboriginal». Second, extreme diverse nature of the breed indicating that it is clearly not lack genetic homogeneity that can be achieved with only using pure breeding.
Insisting exclusion from the breeding of dogs of unknown origin, at the same time we are seeing a very disturbing trend in recent years «the isolation» East Siberian Husky breed from other breeds, so to speak, ethnicity. AT 2011 on Based on the description of the 71 dogs in the Evenk Autonomous District RCF (member of FCI) was approved standard Evenk husky. Wherein said description, or at least their analysis nowhere published.
Are these dogs were similar in its conformation and signs how these signs are unique, unknown. But repeatedly seeing the huskies, imported from the Evenk Autonomous dare say that even though they many diverse types in Most in to some extent conform to the AFL.
Fortunately, case Evenk husky breed AFL nothing I lost, because of conceived by the founders in EL She had to enter the dog fishing areas Evenkia, ie the same natives, on the which we discussed above. But we see it doubtful that such a small population, but still are scattered such a vast territory, it would be possible to conduct breeding work with Evenk husky both a separate breed. Probably, creators is not very successful, because on the approval of the standard it has not yet gone.
A similar situation could happen again when approving the standard Yakut hunting husky, which is For several years in developing Yakutsk only this case, the gene pool of the East Siberian huskies have undoubtedly affected, having lost several tens of waste producers. After all, Yakutia in Unlike Evenkia, for many years maintained a breeding East Siberian husky; from 1983 1993 existed Yakut nursery of game dogs (YAPOPS), the Ministry of Agriculture to recently provided financial support for the so-called core farmers engaged in cultivation of huskies.
AT Yakutia holds regular exhibitions and tests conducted registration of pedigrees and there are enough rock East Siberian huskies, part of which is planned to isolate Yakut hunting husky despite no bright distinctive features.
Therefore, I would like to warn the Yakut colleagues against hasty decisions and advice before registering a new breed, carefully evaluate prospects and risks related to further breeding work with her. We must not forget that the East Siberian Husky — also property of the Republic of Sakha-Yakutia, which requires a currently caring attitude, and nothing is not prevent cultivation of the Yakut type dogs in this breed.
Improvement of the exterior and the East Siberian huskies consolidation of phenotypic breed apart from the reasons voiced above, prevents a very small number of expert breeder. Given that For many decades, sufficient to obtain the necessary experience population of East Siberian huskies had only several regions of Russia, only a few specialized experts is on this breed and well-known features of its exterior.
Despite some difference of opinion, to explain first of all, different schools, and also features hunting Dog in various parts of the country, the experts still have a fairly uniform approach to assessing the exterior and AFL rigidly sift dogs, not meet the standard.
TO Unfortunately, less experienced experts, most of the public, and especially experts ollraundery FCI, with easily give «green light» mediocre and even vicious dogs. Probably would vzaimopolezen and interesting exchange of experience and Russian Scandinavian experts and East Siberian Husky breeders, but Here there is an insurmountable barrier form different rules for evaluating and exhibitions. So now comes the exchange of experience, mainly to communication in Internet and rare import puppies.
Despite all the difficulties, East Siberian husky, as stated above, is the most popular and indispensable hunting dog on their homeland. As most other native species, it is far removed from their original forms, it has an excellent health and unpretentiousness. Our task today — Exterior raise the level of the East Siberian huskies are not losing their working ability and functionality.
Tatiana Desyatova26 October 2014 at 00:00