The first ice: go to catch carp!

It seems that the wide range of anglers still strong stereotypes regarding winter lifestyle carp and carp and linear

The first ice: go to catch carp!It is believed that in the middle zone of the reservoirs thermophilic fish all the time fall freeze-up in a very passive state – do not move, do not feed, and hence does not burn.

Certainly, that was about some twenty years ago, although it was in those years, the ice fishing goldfish and carp was quite an ordinary thing in the southern regions — Moldova, Ukraine, Krasnodar Territory, the Stavropol Territory. And all because the winter there usually was warm, and freezing cold for a period of time is not interrupted when the ice goes on long thaw and heavy rains, ie local water bodies throughout the winter as it were in a state of pervoledya. It turns out that in order to maintain year-round high activity crucian carp, or need only relatively warm weather. Of course, it is a determining factor. However, the important role played and the type of reservoir, the water regime and the nature of it, and the composition and density of the fish population in a particular pond, lake or a career. So it is always necessary to carefully analyze the whole spectrum of the local conditions that are more likely to suggest in any body of water in winter carp or carp may bite, but in some it is hardly possible.
In the future we will go entirely to white or goldfish, lifestyle and eating habits which in many respects are similar bream, silver bream and the like. Therefore, no matter how the climate changed in the middle lane in the so-called global warming, do not count on a successful carp fishing in ponds where there is a wide diversity of species. Usually happens to fall for long periods of carp fish in the ponds where found in abundance gudgeon, gorchak, verkhovka, roach, perch, pike, that is active and feed competitors and predators that keep carp «nap». Thus, the carp are not fatten under the wintering sufficient reserves and forced to feed in cold water, often changing feed addiction to such an extent that often comes suddenly or small blesenku — becomes a predator, or is caught in half-waters — feeds on plankton.  
As for the nature of the weather and ice cover of reservoirs median strip where until recently were accustomed to harsh winters, but now you can really talk about their similarity winter conditions in southern regions. In recent decades, for example, in the metropolitan area of ​​the ice often rises and descends more than once, and the constant freeze-up does not happen often, and by mid-January. So, when such a natural anomaly continues for so long, the new generation of fish as it acquired the genetic memory of the favorable conditions, and apparently in the future, even when the frosts, will be caught carp from the ice as good roach or bream. A historical analogy that is.  
Of course, be sure to mention the fact that in a suitable deep pond inhabited by fish and other, even in winters steady biting carp from the ice is quite possible to trigger several changing habitat conditions. For example, last season, the difference is quite extended in time sometimes freeze-up, on a large body of water at a dam. Lobanovo, near Paveletskaya station Barybino w / d, from the beginning of the formation of ice at the request of tenants pond fishermen gradually releases water, lowering the level of almost half a meter. Not only that, on the pond all winter actively pecking roach, perch and gudgeon, and the local big carp remained high mobility and good peck every time the weather, finding itself that in shallow water, then in the depth, ie behaved as a normal fish. Apparently, the fall in the level when the ice on the banks sat miserably, as well as increased flowage, not only concentrated in the area of ​​carp river bed of the ditch, but also constantly harassed him, not allowing to stand for the winter. Then, having passed some «rest point» carp has, as a bear-rod, I could not lie down and roamed the entire winter deep parts of the reservoir. And it was not any panic reaction because the carp perfectly spoke not only on passive methods of fishing, and even more so — to the active. So while fishing on the float rod or jig with bloodworms it gets much less than with a high-speed wiring «locomotive» of the two medium-sized «hell» in which the hook was not anything at all. At the same bite, like perch clamps, most cases of high from the bottom. Examples of how people unconsciously affects the behavior of winter carp can be cited. In many fish farms that are selected by the fall of commodity carp ponds drained so that there are only shallow puddles. It is on them at the first, and the remaining ice carp carps peck just desperate. Such productive fishing is practiced almost every year in the shallow waters in cancer (next to the New Riga highway), created in the floodplain of the river Malaya Istra.  
And yet, no matter how promising for catching carp pond it was neither in itself, but it there are only certain areas or zones where winter carp necessarily stand firmly, and there are places where it is not detected under any conditions.  
This particularly applies to the ponds river type, retained after the construction of a dam on the river or creek bottom natural look of relief when before flooding not worked diligently bulldozer blade, which is practiced in the waters for commercial fish farming. It is in places where the water can be seen sticking out of driftwood or somewhere at the bottom of a lot of stumps from deforestation trees, most likely in any weather to detect active parking carp, which somehow feels a pathological craving for zakoryazhennym sites. Even free-standing or lying on the bottom koryazhina at sufficient depth throughout the winter is the center of bustling center pecking carp. And when you consider that initially the most dense thickets of shrubs and trees before the flood were on the river bank, the remaining Carchi just point to the sharply defined border with a maximum depth. Of course, among the snags and feed more in the form of various larvae, aquatic insects and fouling, and the water flow and oxygen conditions near the river bed of the ditch is much better than the rest of the water area, which is very important in the winter.  
As already mentioned, lifestyle goldfish in many ways similar to the habits of bream in the reservoirs. Therefore, the tactics and technique of catching him is about the same, but more subtle, accurate. Crucian carp and tench as bream, with equal probability may fall winter and fixedly mounted mormyshechnuyu or float tackle, and in this embodiment, only from the bottom. They are also able to successfully lure to catch on to «play,» then it is not necessary that the hook was a trompe l’oeil any bait or imitation.  
When fishing lure on a fixed, that is in the «standby» mode, the main thing — the right to establish the tackle, that it is extremely sensitive to the bites are usually sluggish. Bait on a hook or mormyshke should not just lie on the ground Donne, whatever its viscosity and structure, but only barely touch the surface. This technique is called fishing tackle setting «vnatyag.» If a snap of winter fishing rod with a nod or a float is a system of «Georgia-hook», then ogruzku should be placed no more than 5-10 cm off the hook, because the bottom of most carp bite «on the rise», but Karasev rises much shorter, than in bream.  
Much attention should be paid to the hook, as the jig, and the winter float rod. And it is necessary to ensure that the next bite sometimes carp or even the beginning of his fish had to wait a long time, so the bait must maintain an attractive appearance for a long time. Nevertheless, bloodworms, even on a quality hook should be changed as often as possible — winter carp are very picky and choosy. Well, when one larva or more planted so carefully that still continue for some time to move.  
As the most sensitive bite alarm when fishing is leisurely carp should recognize the nod, made of thin steel plate or Mylar. Its length should be at least 15-20 cm and a weight lowered into the water with a jig or sinker snap it should bend at an angle of 60 degrees to the surface of the ice, which is necessary for maximum stroke when biting on the rise, while the fish is not alarming and more confident swallows the bait.  
As it turned out, when fishing on the stationary jig bait color also plays a role, which, however, is not specific to all bodies of water. So, more often catchability bait were covered with brass or copper, and two-color: silver, copper, silver, brass light side up. Tungsten jig is best to use — with a small amount they have the necessary weight, which is sufficient for fishing in shallow water in ponds.
 Complementary feeding, if the practice in the same holes where the carp found themselves, sometimes gives the effect of a few days. Fodder bloodworms used in the bait is undesirable, as it attracts a lot of small perch, carp which is usually not adjacent.  
On the composition of the bait has to be very simple — finely ground wheat and rye crackers, dried in the oven, they add a little toasted and milled flax seed, hemp and sunflower. One or two drops of anise or fennel oil per kilogram of dry mix and increase the attractiveness of the bait long range. In reservoirs without flow at shallow depth the bait just pour small amounts directly into the hole; getting wet, it will sink slowly to the bottom, creating a fragrant pillar of fine particles, without saturating the fish. Occasionally bait in the well you can shake a stick. If there is a noticeable during or at the point of catching a lot of depth, you have to use a feeding trough, lightly moistened only another portion of bait.  
Winter bite carp very careful in the early stages are usually expressed in the form of subtle and rare twitches signal of the nod, followed by a smooth and high rise — carp for a long time, savoring, he takes in his mouth the bait and not always gets the job done, sometimes making several «approaches «. However, you can make sure bite if quickly replaced with fresh bait.  
Vyvazhivanii hooked carp presents no difficulty even for the novice angler. Much more annoying is the loss of fish with sharp, sweeping sweeps as winter bites are not uncommon for more than one kilogram carp. A smooth and unpressing potyazhki winter carp is no threat, even a very thin, but the quality fishing line. Still force the landing of fish is not worth it, because carp is characterized by weak, easily tearing his lips.  
When fishing for carp is not necessarily limited to fishing on the «stanchions» to the fixed gear, especially at the beginning of freeze-up when the weather is very unstable, characterized by the warming and snowfalls, responding to that, crucian carp, as well as other fish, changing the depth of habitat, often It rises high from the bottom, continuing to feed. In addition, and winters in recent years have become warmer and on terms substantially delayed, which further stimulates the mobility of carp. This situation is very favorable for the mobile hunting for carp to the bait without a nozzle, when fishing is conducted exclusively on the «game», while the active fish is sought in the high-speed processing of prospective areas of the pond that is a snap, and not time consuming at the beginning of freeze-up. Here as baits out of competition small or medium-devils with elongated body, placed on the line at 30-50 inches apart — so snap anglers have called the «locomotive.» This hook «hell» is not necessarily the presence of both natural and artificial podsadok that are more acceptable to ordinary jig or «nymphs.» Incidentally, the «locomotive» Karasev came to catch the experience of fishing with him on reservoirs, where he works most effectively for bream. And for catching carp quite liked «bream» technique wiring «locomotive» — ​​a smooth, rhythmic swinging with a small amplitude and frequency, and the slow ascent up the bait. Bites on the top and on the bottom bait when posting expressed in the form of light «poking» clamps and failures in the «game». Any suspicion of contact with the fish should be followed by immediate short sweeps a hand brush. Sometimes bite carp as an active clamp nod down there as soon as the lower «devil» when lowering reaches the bottom. Therefore, after the regular posting is not necessary to send snap to the bottom in free fall — it is better to slowly lower it to the taut fishing line, controlling the behavior of the signal of the nod. Very often, as in the bream, crucian carp bites occur during a short break in «the game» at the top wiring, and this effective technique must be repeated each time. The specific nature of the fish carp from the ice when it comes to different horizons, says only one thing — the fish at the beginning of winter is quite active for its focused and productive fishing.  
Moreover, and in the winter blesnenie carp, of course, a large and carp anglers in the past few years a lot of progress, having developed original techniques. So, most of them dobychlivym was just tapping on the ground, almost without pause, or stir a small Okuneva blesenki at the bottom. Crucian carp, or as it piled on the bait, confident bending switch — bagreniya cases are, but they are rare and usually occur behind the head. But even better and more goldfish and carp were taken «in the mouth» at a small troynichok, pivot on the line of the lure: the twitching, even without leaving spinners from the bottom, troynichok performs short jumps on the line, probably imitating some kind of bug that is confident grasp fish. It often happens that fishermen sitting next to mormyshkami, baited bloodworms, crucian carp and carp are not caught at all.  
I think in the next few years, anglers will open many more new and interesting fishing in winter, if not isolated only to the usual objects of fishing, will observe more and experiment. A thick carp roe, delivered to the table in winter, will be the unexpected and pleasant surprise for the home fans in cream delicacy.

Weather conditions  
First of all, about the weather. Crucian carp or tench — such as fish, like everyone else, and they are also in severe winters suffer from lack of oxygen under a thick layer of ice and snow. This is especially true for weakly running lakes or ponds in the summer strongly overgrown with aquatic vegetation, where the composition of fish fauna is very frugal — usually hardy rotan and red or golden carp. The last representative of the tribe to fish biting winter has not yet descended at all.

Historical analogies  
From classic works LP Sabaneev known that his contemporaries perch or a bass caught from the wells on winter fishing rod, as we are. But roach and bream produced from the wintering pits not only as «samoderom» ie bagreniem as attempts to catch these fish on baited hooks were not successful. Meanwhile, in the northern areas, as they say, the process of changing from carp winter lifestyle just went, so the most favorable times for its ice fishing should be recognized as the beginning of freeze-up when often thaw, rain, snow, gloomy, cloudy. For some reason, this time bad carp caught on sunny days with high atmospheric pressure, but the carp where it in excess, it is not enough to react, but the depth of habitat changes.

Whether the bait?  
Lean complementary feeding is not always able to attract carp to the chosen place of fishing — it is better to first find the parking lot of fish and try to activate it in small portions biting the bait. But the effect can be reversed — carp just leaves, and replace it annoying
gudgeon and roach.

Human factor
When the ponds drained so that there are only shallow puddles on the ice first, and the remaining carp carps peck just desperate.

When do slicing down?  
For effective sweeps when tightened biting carp angler will need certain «sense of pause» — it is sure to come after a few, often premature, attempts to hook in taking fish.

Anatoly Mailkov14 December 2009 at 15:47

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