Today around the world celebrated World Animal Day

The decision to celebrate this day was taken in 1931 in Florence (Italy) at the international congress held there supporters of the movement to protect nature.

Date October 4 was chosen, this day is known as the Day of Remembrance of the Catholic St. Francis of Assisi, who is the patron saint of animals.

According to the World Wildlife Fund (WWF), three species disappear off the face of the earth every hour; 70 species of flora and fauna of the planet are disappearing every day; a quarter of all species of flora and fauna of the planet will cease to exist in the near future; over the past 25 years, the Earth’s biodiversity has decreased by one third.

In Russia, a holiday designed to draw public attention to the problem of preservation of animals, including endangered species, marked since 2000.

In our country the most important mechanism for the protection of rare and endangered species is the Red Book of the Russian Federation.

The list of fauna listed in the Red Book of Russia includes 413 species, including 155 species of invertebrates (0.1% of the total number of invertebrate species described on the territory of Russia) and 258 species of vertebrates, including 41 species of fish and cyclostomes (7% of the total number of species of cyclostomes and fish living on the territory of Russia), 8 species of amphibians (30%), 21 species of reptiles (28%), 123 species of birds (17%) and 65 species of mammals (20%).

More than 70 subjects of the Russian Federation published its regional red books.

The greatest number of rare and endangered species of animals, plants and fungi are concentrated in the Caucasus, southern Siberia and the Far East. As a rule, lowering the number of animals is due to the degradation of the usual habitat, caused by large-scale economic development of the territory, at least — global climate change. However, particularly in the risk group animals have traditionally been exterminated in poaching.

Developed and implemented strategies for the conservation of certain rare and endangered species of animals — Amur tiger, Far Eastern leopard, snow leopard, polar bear, bison, musk Sakhalin. The program on the restoration (reintroduction) leopard in the Caucasus.

In February of 2014 it was approved the Strategy of preservation of rare and endangered species of animals, plants and fungi in the Russian Federation for the period up to 2030.

To protect animals and their habitats Ministry of Russia reformed environmental legislation. Creating and improving the federal laws, radically changes a person’s attitude to the environment: "On Wildlife". "On the hunt". "On Specially Protected Natural Areas" and etc.

The 2015 edition is planned update of the Red Book of the Russian Federation. RAS specialists drafted a new list for the animals of the Red Book as early as 2012. They proposed to add the 29 species. Among them — saiga, sea horse, Black grouse, Bering blue fox, a dolphin common dolphin (Black Sea subspecies) and many others.

Traditionally, World Animal Day a variety of events and charity events.

Source: RIA Novosti

October 4, 2015 at 12:40

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