It is believed that the United States is a haven for gun owners. However, surprisingly, in a number of points the Russian weapon legislation is more convenient, more liberal and progressive than the American one.
1. One country – one law
Photo: © Flickr / Paul Weaver
Although the right to own weapons at the federal level has been proclaimed by the Second Amendment to the US Constitution, and is also regulated by several federal laws, the state and state weapons legislation is sometimes quite striking.
A person who would have thought to ride across America with a favorite gun would have to first study fifty-one laws, not enough good knowledge of any of which could easily lead to prison. And since each state makes amendments to its gun laws from time to time, weapons legislation generally changes in the US literally every week.
To track these changes, even special reference sites have been created, without the help of which it is simply impossible to be sure that their actions are legitimate.
In Russia, the circulation of civilian and service weapons is regulated by a single Federal Law “On Weapons” and is additionally regulated by Government Decree No. 814. It is enough to study these legislative acts — and there will be no problems anywhere in Russia.
2. Single Resolution
Photo: © Flickr / Jesse Clockwork
AT Vermont and on Alaska weapons permits are not required at all; in all other states it is necessary to receive it. In addition, each state issues its own permissions. Some states recognize permits issued in others, and some do not. Thus, even being the law-abiding owner of the trunk, an American does not always have the right to take it when traveling to a neighboring town, if it is located abroad.
Only Indiana and Michigan have “full recognition”, i.e. recognize licenses issued in any other state. Florida, New hampshire and Utah recognize licenses of about thirty states each. Some states, such as Maine, Massachusetts and Rhode Island, issue guest licenses for visitors. To navigate the current situation, gun owners have to monitor the situation literally in real time.
In Russia, there are uniform federal-level permits that are valid throughout the country. Having received your ROKH or LOA at your place of residence, you can easily present them in any of the 85 subjects of the Federation.
3. Uniform requirements and inventory
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Since each state sets its own requirements for weapons allowed for citizens, a barrel that is legally acquired in one state may be outlawed when moving to another. So, after the massacre at Sandy Hook School in December 2012, very strict restrictions were imposed in the state Connecticut. More than a hundred models of semi-automatic rifles were banned from circulation, and the capacity of the remaining stores was limited to ten cartridges.
Stores with greater capacity before January 1, 2014 were to be sold to other states or destroyed; possession of such a shop after the specified date will lead to jail. The capacity of tubular shops of pump and semi-automatic shotguns was limited to five rounds.
Similar bans on “weapons that look like combat” are in effect in many states, and each state itself sets the criteria for “similarity”. Actually, the lack of mutual recognition of licenses between many states is caused by such differences.
In Russia, restrictions on the characteristics of civilian weapons are established by federal law on the basis of those considerations so that it can be used for hunting, sport, and self-defense, but not as an effective weapon of attack. Thus, firearms that are capable of firing in bursts are prohibited to civilian circulation; the capacity of the store is limited to ten cartridges (with the exception of sports weapons, where it is determined by the rules of a particular sport); installation of silencers is prohibited; in order to avoid wearing concealed, the length of shotguns and rifles in a combat-ready state should not be less than 80 cm. These requirements and restrictions apply throughout Russia.
All weapons models certified for civilian circulation are listed in a single inventory, and any of them can be purchased in any of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation.
4. The possibility of hidden wearing
Photo: © Flickr / Ibro Palic
The first bans on concealed carrying weapons in the United States were established in 1813 in the states Kentucky and Louisiana – it was believed that it was used for unexpected criminal attacks, while for self-defense purposes, weapons can be carried openly. Subsequently, similar bans were adopted by many other states. In addition, in some places there were other serious limitations.
In many states, open wearing is prohibited and a license for concealed carrying generally makes it possible to get out of the house with weapons, and not just to keep it in case of an attack by intruders.
In the US, there are four different approaches to licensing for concealed carrying. Unrestricted (“Not prohibited”) – permission is not required; so things are for example on Alaska and in Vermont. More common approach Shell issue (“Obliged to issue”), in which the authorities are obliged to issue a license to each applicant, if he meets certain criteria.
Politics May issue (“May issue”) is that the issuance of a license is left to the discretion of the authorities, which can refuse without giving reasons. As a rule, a citizen is required to justify the need to purchase weapons. In particular, according to article 265 of the Criminal Code New york, licenses are issued to people who “can transfer large sums of money”, which, in fact, introduces a property qualification.
A similar policy is followed and California. So, for the whole 2012 in Los angeles, the population of which is 3.8 million people, only 341 were given permission for concealed carrying.
Finally, the policy No issue (“Do not give out”) is still preserved in some territories under American jurisdiction, such as Guam.
In the same time open arms in some states also faces restrictions. So in Texas it was allowed only from January last year. In Florida open arms are allowed only during hunting and during relevant events (shooting competitions, etc.). In fact, in states where open wearing is prohibited, and it is extremely difficult to obtain a license for a hidden one, gun owners are only entitled to keep it at home in case of a criminal invasion.
In Russia, all citizens are subject to the same requirements on the principle of the Shell issue; the acquisition of hunting weapons is made on the basis of the state hunting ticket; sports – documents issued by the respective sports federation. In addition, to obtain permission to acquire a citizen must be law-abiding, physically and mentally healthy, and also have no problems with alcohol and drugs – if these requirements are met, the license is issued automatically.
The hidden or open character of wearing short arms (award and limited damage) is not regulated at all and is left to the discretion of the owner.
5. Safety of others
Photo: © Flickr / Ibro Palic
Legislation 46 of 50 states does not contain any requirements for the safe storage of weapons, for example, in a safe. In Russia, the presence of a safe, confirmed by the report of the local police inspector, is a prerequisite for obtaining a license. Due to this, access to arms of children and unauthorized persons is severely limited.
In the United States, when buying a weapon, you need to fill out a special form in the store (form 4473) containing basic information about the buyer, and present an identity document. The shop contacts the sheriff’s department by phone and receives confirmation that the buyer is law-abiding. At the same time, the resulting green light does not mean that he is not an alcoholic, a drug addict or an insane, but only that he has not yet come across this soil.
In Russia, those wishing to purchase a license are subject to mandatory examination by a psychiatrist and a narcologist at their place of residence, and they pass a urine test to detect traces of drugs. In addition, the identity of the applicant makes his way through the federal base of the Ministry of Internal Affairs. This eliminates persons who do not meet the requirements of federal law and pose a potential threat to others.
Only 21 of 50 Require those who purchase weapons to take courses in safe handling. Course content and scope vary significantly from state to state. So in Virginia The course can take about an hour to pass in absentia via the Internet, then answering 20 questions. AT Connecticut preparation takes about 4 hours and is reduced mainly to practical issues – safety regulations, loading and unloading, shooting at targets. AT New Mexico 15-hour courses include both theoretical and practical parts. In this case, 29 states when buying weapons do not require any prior preparation at all.
In Russia, all persons acquiring weapons for the first time undergo compulsory courses on safe handling and weapons legislation, after which they take a theoretical (in the form of a computer test) and a practical (in the dash) exam.
6. More real freedom
Photo: © Flickr / faungg’s photos
If you live on Alaska, Russian norms will look pretty pale. There you can literally everything. However, throughout the state of Alaska, only 710 thousand people live – that is two tenths of a percent of the population of the States.
At the same time in California, where about 40 million people live, or more than 12% of the country’s population, the real impossibility to acquire weapons that can be legally carried through the streets will make the locals envy the so-called Russian owners. injuries that every law-abiding and healthy citizen is entitled to wear.
The same can be said about the inhabitants New york.
State Florida is known as one of the rather liberal in terms of weapons – a license for concealed carrying gives the right to carry with it not only a gun, but also, for example, a gas canister or a stun gun.
In Russia – nowhere throughout its territory – there are no restrictions in 6 rounds for a shotgun or 7 for a rifle. In general, there are no prohibitions based on the fact that some kind of weapon “looks like a combat one”, and therefore is “particularly dangerous.”
In the states where open wearing is prohibited, and obtaining a license for the hidden is a serious quest that few manage to pass, the right to a weapon declared by the 2nd Amendment to the US Constitution is reduced to the ability to keep the barrel at home without the opportunity to go with it. This is quite consistent with the Russian norm about the “long-barreled smooth-bore self-defense weapon,” which few people buy because of meaninglessness.
Arms legislation of the United States arose when the country was agrarian, and its residents rarely left not only the state, but also their district. Since then, population mobility has greatly increased. And today, the legislative diversity is not only creating difficulties for the owners of weapons, but in fact reinforces the inequality of citizens, limiting many of them in rights based on the place of residence.
From this point of view, the Russian Federal Law, which is in force throughout Russia and imposes equal requirements on all citizens, is undoubtedly more convenient and progressive. In addition, it reliably protects legal weapons from falling into the hands of alcoholics, drug addicts, mentally ill and previously convicted persons.
Better than in America: 6 advantages of Russian weapons laws