AKM, AKMS used cartridges of the 1943 model with ordinary (with a steel core), tracer and armor-piercing incendiary bullets. An automatic fire or single fire is conducted from a machine gun (firing with single shots). Automatic fire is the main type of fire from a machine. It is carried out short up to 5 shots and long up to 10 shots in bursts and continuously. The supply of ammunition during firing is made from a box magazine with a capacity of 30 rounds.
The most valid machine gun fire is at distances of up to 400 meters. Sighting range – 1000 meters. The direct shot range of the chest figure is 350 meters, and the running figure is 525 meters. Concentrated fire from machine guns at ground targets is conducted at a range of up to 800 meters, and for aircraft and paratroopers – up to 500 meters.
The rate of fire is about 600 rounds per minute. Combat rate of fire when firing in bursts – up to 100 rounds per minute. When firing single shots – up to 40 rounds per minute. The weight of the machine without a bayonet-knife with an equipped light alloy magazine: AKM – 3.6 kg, AKMS – 3.8 kg. Weight of a bayonet-knife with a sheath 450 grams.
Device and set of 7.62 mm upgraded AKM and AKMS Kalashnikov assault rifles.
The machine consists of the following main parts and mechanisms:
Barrel with a receiver, with sights and butt.
Bolt frame with gas piston.
Gas tube with receiver.
The AKM assault rifle kit includes accessories, an isum bag for shops. The AKMS assault rifle kit also includes a case for the assault rifle with a pocket for the store. The automatic action of the machine is based on the use of energy, powder gases discharged from the barrel to the gas piston of the bolt shield.
When fired, part of the powder gases following the bullet rushes through the hole in the barrel wall into the gas chamber, presses on the front wall of the gas piston and discards the piston and the bolt frame with the shutter in the rear position.