A mate, this is one of the types of simple active-action airplanes. Loops, which are tightened by a special device, are called active-action planes. For example, a spring tree, a lever or a load tied to a loop. These airwaves have the advantages of passive warping weaves..
A prey animal thrown up in air or immersed in water is much less likely to be damaged by predators. In addition, an animal caught in this way never has time to cut through the loop. However, these advantages do not always pay for the complexity of manufacturing these airplanes.
A hare for a hare, pine forest, capercaillie, black grouse and partridge, active airplanes, device, manufacturing, installation and guard.
In the springs, the loop is tightened by the elastic force of the bent tree. Horses, columns, ermines, and pine forest are mined with the help of friends. A hare is installed on a hare path. A young flexible birch is selected, in which at a height of 1.5 meters the top and all branches are cut down. At the end of the chopped birch, an ordinary snitch with a sliding loop is tied.
Installing a spring on a hare.
The birch is bent and the stubby end is led into a notch made at a height of about 70-80 cm on a tree standing on the other side of the path. Just opposite the bent tree-spring. A loop of light blade of grass is attached to the bottom of the spring located above the path. Then straighten and mask.
When the hare enters the loop, he pulls it and pushes the end of the spring out of the notch that holds the springs in a bent state. Then the springs straightens and pulls the hare into the air.
A gadget for capercaillie, black grouse and partridge, device, installation and guard.
A grouse for capercaillie, also used for catching grouse, partridge, and sometimes duck, is similar in principle to the above. The top of the tree in the manufacture of spring on the capercaillie is bent to the ground and held in this position with a gag attached to a short rope. Leaning with the upper end on the crossbar fixed motionless in notches on vertical posts. And lower the notch on the plank.
Installing spring on capercaillie, black grouse and partridge.
A bar is placed under the middle of the plank so that one end of the plank is raised and the other is on the ground. The length of the plank is up to 50-55 cm, width – 35-40 cm. A loop (35 cm in diameter) is stretched on the board, attached with a rope to the top of a bent tree. Rowan or any other bait is poured onto the board in the middle of the unfolded loop so that the capercaillie, eating it, comes exactly into the loop.
The board will fall under its weight and release the gag. After this, the tree, straightening, will overwhelm the noose on the feet of the capercaillie. Then he will drag him, knock out the crossbar from the notches in the uprights and lift the bird up.
An animal and bird mug with another guard device.
The circle described below differs from the previous one only with a guard device. It can be used for catching animals and birds, using trails to move. Or, like the previous springs, alert with bait.
For the device, the spring is parallel to the path along which the animals walk, at a certain distance from one another, pegs cross-crisscross into the ground in pairs. A crossbar is placed in their crosshairs and tightly fixed.
Setting the spring for catching animals and birds.
A damp-growing long flexible tree standing nearby, completely cleared of branches, or a long flexible rod stuck by a butt in the ground or tied to the tree by the top on which the loop is attached, bends down so that it can be straightened on the ground. A small wand (gatehouse) is tied to a lace that forms a loop on a short rope. And slip it under the crossbar in the crosshairs.
The other end of the gatehouse is held by a second crossbar, which, in turn, is held on pegs parallel to the ground only by the friction force arising from the fact that the gatehouse presses it to the pegs. The loop forming loop is passed over the upper bar. Thin and light sticks are placed on the second (lower) bar. At the other ends they rest on the ground.
The loop spreads over these sticks. When the animal steps on the sticks, the lower bar will lower and release the gatehouse holding the bent springs. The animal’s legs will be overwhelmed by a loop, and a straightening tree will lift it up.
Shown below are springs similar in design to those described above. Animals falling into such fishing gear with their feet do not die for a long time. From which they noticeably lose weight and quality of meat.
It will be useful to note that this method of killing game, to put it mildly, is inhumane. It should be noted that the use of springs in frost is complicated by the fact that at a low temperature the trees significantly lose their elasticity and flexibility.
Based on materials from the book Encyclopedia of the Hunter.
Rudenko F.A., Semashko V.Yu., Cherenkov S.E., Matyunin M.M..