Acclimatization in the mountains and the sea: how to deal with the symptoms?

Modern means of transportation make it possible to cross hundreds of thousands of kilometers in a few hours, making the journey possibilities virtually unlimited. And everything would be great if it were not for one thing. Such a process as acclimatization causes people to experience unpleasant painful sensations due to a sharp change in geographic conditions. Often it becomes the cause of spoiled rest, so it is important to know the methods of its prevention.

  • Types of acclimatization
    • 1.1 Warm
    • 1.2 Cold view
    • 1.3 Height view
  • 2 Duration and stage of manifestation
  • 3 Symptoms
  • 4 What is different acclimatization in children
  • 5Treatment
  • 6 Tips to make acclimatization easier

Types of acclimatization

Acclimatization of a person is divided into several types depending on the conditions of the final place of stay. Each of them has common painful signs and symptoms of an individual nature.

Additionally, the risk of a repetition process that occurs after a person returns home may become an unpleasant factor. Many people probably faced with the fact that acclimatization after the sea is not easier than on arrival on vacation.

Warm look

Due to the fact that the absolute majority of people prefer to travel to warm countries, this type is the most common.

The process takes place against the background of the fact that the natural thermoregulation of a person does not have time to adjust to sharply increased air temperatures, due to which the body begins to produce an increased amount of sweat. The result is a general malaise and a feeling of tiredness, and thirst is constantly felt. Especially hard the process takes place in conditions of high humidity, rather than just dry heat.

As a result of increased thermoregulation in warm countries, general malaise and feeling of fatigue develops.The danger of acclimatization in such conditions is the following risks:

  • Heat stroke and general overheating of the body;
  • Tachycardia;
  • Disruption of the blood supply to the internal organs;
  • Loss of mineral salts;
  • Cramps.

Especially the process can be dangerous for people with disorders of the nervous system, cardiovascular, endocrine disorders and diseases of the musculoskeletal system.

With this kind of restructuring of the body, the risk of food poisoning is high, so it is important to be attentive to the diet and have various sorbents with you.

Cold look

For people who find themselves in very cold temperatures, cold acclimatization may be typical. It is due to the fact that the following environmental conditions are not the norm for the organism:

  • A large number of days with negative temperatures per year;
  • The predominance of non-solar days;
  • Sharp differences between the volumes of solar radiation: too little in winter and too much in summer;
  • Strong and gusty winds;
  • The presence of such rare phenomena as the aurora and magnetic storms.

Getting into such weather conditions, people may experience solar starvation, which arises due to a lack of ultraviolet rays. Often begin to appear headaches and recurrent insomnia.

High altitude view

An amateur to curb new heights or just skiing may be a sign of this type of acclimatization. The higher a person rises from sea level, the more unpleasant symptoms may be. This is due to the following features of mountainous areas:

  • Atmospheric pressure decreases;
  • The concentration of oxygen in the air becomes less.

As soon as the traveler begins oxygen deprivation, he experiences the following symptoms:

  • Impaired breathing, shortness of breath;
  • Rapid pulse and heartbeat;
  • Noise in the head and ears;
  • Darkening in the eyes.

Inside the body at this time, the number of red blood cells in the blood increases, as well as increased ventilation of the respiratory organs.

Regardless of your location, acclimatization is quite a complicated process for organizingThe danger of acclimatization in such conditions is the following risks:

  • Heat stroke and general overheating of the body;
  • Tachycardia;
  • Disruption of the blood supply to the internal organs;
  • Loss of mineral salts;
  • Cramps.

Especially the process can be dangerous for people with disorders of the nervous system, cardiovascular, endocrine disorders and diseases of the musculoskeletal system.

With this kind of restructuring of the body, the risk of food poisoning is high, so it is important to be attentive to the diet and have various sorbents with you.

Cold look

For people who find themselves in very cold temperatures, cold acclimatization may be typical. It is due to the fact that the following environmental conditions are not the norm for the organism:

  • A large number of days with negative temperatures per year;
  • The predominance of non-solar days;
  • Sharp differences between the volumes of solar radiation: too little in winter and too much in summer;
  • Strong and gusty winds;
  • The presence of such rare phenomena as the aurora and magnetic storms.

Getting into such weather conditions, people may experience solar starvation, which arises due to a lack of ultraviolet rays. Often begin to appear headaches and recurrent insomnia.

High altitude view

An amateur to curb new heights or just skiing may be a sign of this type of acclimatization. The higher a person rises from sea level, the more unpleasant symptoms may be. This is due to the following features of mountainous areas:

  • Atmospheric pressure decreases;
  • The concentration of oxygen in the air becomes less.

As soon as the traveler begins oxygen deprivation, he experiences the following symptoms:

  • Impaired breathing, shortness of breath;
  • Rapid pulse and heartbeat;
  • Noise in the head and ears;
  • Darkening in the eyes.

Inside the body at this time, the number of red blood cells in the blood increases, as well as increased ventilation of the respiratory organs.

For easy acclimatization, you must follow these steps:

  • Observe a healthy diet and consume a complex of vitamins;
  • Do sports or at least do daily exercises;
  • Start in advance to go to the time of the country in which you plan to travel;
  • Drink enough water during the trip;
  • At the new place it is better to start with short walks, but not in the conditions of the scorching sun;
  • In the first days it is better to abstain from alcohol and exotic dishes;
  • At the first unpleasant symptoms, you need to give yourself a rest;
  • Use special protective equipment: from the sun or from the cold.

Of course, it is not always possible to adjust the trip, for example, if it does not depend on our desires and is mandatory. But if this is a planned vacation in advance, then you can consider the following tips:

  • The duration of the trip must be at least 2 weeks. Otherwise, there is a risk that a person may acclimatize only towards its end;
  • If there is a small child in the family, the difference in hours should be no more than 3-4 hours;
  • Select a country located in the same or adjacent zone with the place of initial location;
  • To organize the route so that the arrival at the new place turned out in the evening. This will allow the body to rest and gain strength after the trip.

As you can see, the physically stronger the body, the easier it is for it to acclimatize, so it is important to pay attention to sports and healthy eating.

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