Bonfire in the forest. Campfire rules in the forest

Proper breeding of fire in nature is of great importance for the fire safety of the environment, fast ignition, effective combustion with minimal firewood consumption. Properly putting out a fire is just as important as lighting it. Inexperienced tourists rarely know all the rules of campfires in the forest.

  • Campfire Rules
    • Campfire in the forest: site selection
    • The choice of heating material
  • How to put out a fire?
  • What to do when a fire?

Campfire rules in the forest

Campfire Rules

There are general rules for safe campfires:

  1. Spread the fire It should be on special sites and only if necessary. If this is a short break, and the weather is clear and warm, there is no need to make a fire.
  2. The elimination of the fireplace should be done with the utmost care.
  3. We can not allow the mindless throwing of outstanding cigarette butts and matches on the grass.
  4. At the slightest sign of fire, urgent measures should be taken to eliminate them.
  5. If a fire occurs, you should immediately notify the forest service or rescuers of the Ministry of Emergency Situations.
  6. It is forbidden to make a fire during the fire season and in places where prohibition signs are installed.
  7. Campfire in the forest should be carried out at least three meters from the tent camp on the leeward side.
  8. Instead of one high and big fire, it is better to make several small ones, there will be more benefit from them.
  9. Combustible objects and liquids, as well as gasoline-impregnated objects oiled with combustible materials should not be placed near a fire. They should be kept in a strictly defined place.
  10. Near the fire you should always keep containers with water and branches to extinguish a possible fire.

Campfire in the forest: site selection

Campfire in the forest

Campfire Rules

There are general rules for safe campfires:

  1. Spread the fire It should be on special sites and only if necessary. If this is a short break, and the weather is clear and warm, there is no need to make a fire.
  2. The elimination of the fireplace should be done with the utmost care.
  3. We can not allow the mindless throwing of outstanding cigarette butts and matches on the grass.
  4. At the slightest sign of fire, urgent measures should be taken to eliminate them.
  5. If a fire occurs, you should immediately notify the forest service or rescuers of the Ministry of Emergency Situations.
  6. It is forbidden to make a fire during the fire season and in places where prohibition signs are installed.
  7. Campfire in the forest should be carried out at least three meters from the tent camp on the leeward side.
  8. Instead of one high and big fire, it is better to make several small ones, there will be more benefit from them.
  9. Combustible objects and liquids, as well as gasoline-impregnated objects oiled with combustible materials should not be placed near a fire. They should be kept in a strictly defined place.
  10. Near the fire you should always keep containers with water and branches to extinguish a possible fire.

Campfire in the forest: site selection

Campfire in the forest
For the ignition of the fire should be made a careful selection of a suitable place with a mandatory site preparation.

 

  • The site should be open, protected from the wind by some kind of natural shelter, for example, a large stone, rock.
  • If the weather is dry and hot, make a fire on sandy or rocky soil, on green young grass or on the shore of a reservoir.
  • You can not have a fireplace near the trees, especially dead wood, resinous trees, the old clearings or near trees with hollows. The distance from deciduous trees to the fire should be at least 10 m, from conifers – not less than 15 m.
  • It is impossible to kindle fire on peat bogs and stone placers in the forest, where a lot of forest garbage accumulates. When ignited, it is very difficult to extinguish.
  • Moss and lichen can throw a spark of fire on the trees.
  • The place for the fire should not contain traces of deforestation.
  • If you have found the place of an old fireplace, it is better to use it, and not to breed a new one.
  • You can not make a fire on the ground, from under which visible roots of trees.
  • If the place does not meet the above criteria, remove the top layer of soil with a sod with a diameter of one meter or one and a half, and make a fire on the ground without an organic substrate. The area around the removed sod should also be cleaned from dry grass and leaves so that the fire does not accidentally spread on the ground. On the sides of the excavated site can be lined with stones, building, thus, the hearth. If there is shallow snow in the forest, you need to clear it to the ground, and if it is deep, you need to trample it well, covering it with damp logs or branches.
  • The campfire site should be fenced off with a firebreak stripe with a removed mineral layer of soil 0.5 meters wide.

The choice of heating material

Proper selection of firewood is also very important. As fuel, dry wood should be used: not rotted dead wood of aspen, birch, hazel, alder, oak,

Tar firewood (from coniferous trees – pines, firs, firs) burn with sparks, from which not only nearby deadwood can catch fire, but also clothing with a tent. If the wood is damp or rotten, there will be a lot of smoke and little heat from them. Too thin twigs will quickly burn through, and the deadwood is suitable only for breeding fire in a dry forest and the same weather. In the conditions of low forest good for ignition shrubs. In addition, twigs and trees brought to the shore during floods and dried in the sun can be collected along the shore.

If the weather is bad, small twigs collected from the lower parts of the trees, bark, bark, roots, chips from dry logs are used for kindling.

For a quick ignition of the fire you need to use the correct kindling material: pieces of dry bark, bark, dry reed, fern, moss, lichen. Well dry dry twigs and knots, bird fluff, dried pushers. Thin twigs need to zasturgat knife, not completely removing the shavings, and leaving at the end of the rods. The ignition material is laid out by a pyramid, which, after ignition, is gradually surrounded by the main fuel. Raw wood is laid out around the campfire for quick drying.

Campfire Rules

How to put out a fire?

Leaving the camp site with a bonfire, you need to fill it with water or cover it with earth, and cover it with the turf removed earlier. You can not leave the place of the camp immediately after the fire is extinguished. You need to wait 20-30 minutes, and after you have complete confidence that it has gone out, you can leave.

If the fire was extinguished at night, the next morning you need to check the fireplace for the remaining embers. You need to touch the ashes and ash – they should be cold. They need to dig along with the ground.

 

What to do when a fire?

If it turned out that there was a fire fire, you need to act as follows:

  1. Fire immediately need to fill and throw sand or earth.
  2. The grass around the source of ignition also need to fill with water.
  3. The edge of the fire side of the need to overwhelm a broom from branches with green leaves. At the same time it needs to be turned all the time, to overwhelm obliquely towards the flame.
  4. After the fire is extinguished, you should still report to the forestry a case of fire.
  5. If the hearth could not be extinguished, it is necessary to inform the rescue service.

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