Any backpack during camping or hiking is considered a variation of a survival kit. Hikers and campers tend to pack only the most essential items, without which survival may be impossible. If you are driving to your campsite, it is quite normal to bring a barbecue, a voluminous kitchen stove, etc. If you are hiking or camping completely on foot, then these items are more of an obstacle than any other important use for you. You can even expose it to more risk. One may believe that the minimalist survival kit is ideal for most people, but these kits will lack elements, which may be of greater value.
We will talk about the survival kit for camping, which is the ideal tool to survive in nature, while camping and relaxing in nature. The articles that we will include will take into account the potential situations, for which you must be absolutely prepared.
According to Mike Forti, who graduated from the US Air Force’s survival school. UU., The big backpack is a great survival kit for a comfortable camp for several days. The minimalist survival kit will bring you a lot of discomfort and make your stay miserable, although it will provide you with the essential elements.
The most important items in your camping survival kit.
Here is a list for you to review the most valuable items for your survival kit inventory.
- First aid kit
- Water bottle or container
- Warm blanket / canvas / bivy sack
- Additional warm clothes
- Water purifying tablets
- Compass and map of the area.
- Tinder / kindling
- Fire starter / matches / lighter
- Personal location beacon (PLB)
- Mobile phone
- Fishing line or dental floss
- Whistle / signal mirror
- Pocket knife
You need to assemble or buy one already made. first aid kit. You should not venture into nature and plan to spend more than a day without a first aid kit in your backpack or van. First aid kits have all kinds of bandages, gauze, sterilized handkerchiefs and gloves for instant use, etc.
You can also add very fine sewing needles and laces, antibacterial creams or wipes, over-the-counter pain relievers, personal medications, etc. You can buy a first aid kit from any popular shopping center at a very low cost. Make sure you do not buy a large medical kit, or it will become an inconvenience rather than a help.
the water bottle or container is of crucial importance. Even if you bring your own water with you, an accident may happen and you may lose that water or drink it, and you may have nothing to drink. Carry an aluminum water bottle or other light water container or even a duffel bag. Unfortunately, these canvas sacks can be easily drilled if handled carelessly, so keep that in mind.
Camelbak water bottles are an excellent way to store water, and have them turn on when they are empty. In addition, some aluminum water bottles have the option of attaching to a carabiner, which facilitates their access and instant use.
On the subject of water, we must point out that you should not drink water. You may think that water in nature is clean and safe to use. While there may be no chemicals in the river as in tap water, there are still other risk factors such as microorganisms, viruses, bacteria, dirt, etc. You should not drink water from nature, unless you are camping at very high altitudes (where the risk of water contamination is minimal).
Camping at the height of the forests means that the animals drink from the water. There may be excrement (contaminating the water) or even dead animals. All these factors contribute to dirty water in nature. While water itself may seem clean, bacteria and viruses are invisible to our eyes.
Therefore, carry filtering systems, or better yet – purification tablets Based on iodine or chlorine. They neutralize any organism or virus for a period of several hours. If you use a tablet now, wait for it to do its work for 30-40 minutes and then drink the water within the next 4-5 hours. This is because the bacteria and viruses can be reactivated again and you will have to purify the water again.
While you browse using a map and a compass It may seem difficult at first, it can be extremely important to learn how to use them. Even if you are just camping and just want to enjoy your stay at the camp, you do not know when you will decide to explore the area for an hour with your friends, children or alone.
If you do, you definitely should not go without the most basic tools for navigation: a map and a compass. These can literally save your life and return home (or your starting point). Then, learn to use them and do not underestimate their importance for your survival.
When it comes to coat, there is and # 8216; The rule of three ‘: can not survive for three hours exposed to adverse weather conditions, for three days without water and for three weeks without food. So you can see how important it is to give yourself what your body needs: warm, dry conditions in the shelter that you create. Your refuge can be built by anything.
It can leave the branches and foliage, or it can make your life easier by getting a tarpaulin or a space blanket or even a garbage bag. Any of these will be excellent if you use your imagination and will meet some basic requirements so you can survive.
That’s why it would be great if you take with you rope or cordage of some kind, so you can better manipulate the type of tarp / shelter according to your needs. A simple tilt can be built very quickly with a tarp and a rope, and will save some time. You can hunt instead of building a foliage shelter from scratch.
An additional idea is to use your Sleeping bag or sack bivy To protect you from the weather. The only drawback of this is that they get wet quickly. But if you have a shelter and a sleeping bag together, you can definitely provide much more comfort and warmth. Basically, sleeping bags have this positive side that can save you if you suffer hypothermia. Space blankets can also retain the heat of your body and, therefore, are a much better option for light camping. Even if you are camping in your truck, you should be prepared for cold weather and unexpected situations.
This is why you should also consider some space in your backpack or van for warm clothes. You may never use them, but they should always be there in case you need them. This is true even for summer camp. You should never leave without socks, hats, gloves, and warm underwear, jacket, and waterproof pants. Waterproof boots are an absolute necessity.
You may think that camping is a safe and safe way to relax in nature, but if you walk away from the nearby area and some cold rain catches you, you may experience hypothermia until you arrive at your camp. Accidents can also occur around frozen lakes, or you may have to save someone, etc. Hypothetical situations can be too many, but having more warm and reliable clothes does not cost you anything, just a few extra kilos in your backpack or van.
Of course, if you’re driving, it’s easier to pack clothes, but as a backpacker, you should plan your inventory in advance. However, do not ignore the need for additional clothing and make room in your insect bag.
A final tip on clothes: get more synthetic clothing and make sure that this is the layer closest to your skin. The synthetic material is breathable and dries quickly. It also keeps your skin well ventilated and reduces sweating, as it evaporates. Cotton or wool clothes will keep you warm, but they will dry much more slowly. The wool can remain warm even if it is wet. Make sure you have at least two layers of additional clothing: a synthetic layer and a warm layer (cotton / wool). The jacket must be the last top layer.
While we speak of warmth, we must point out that the skills and ability to start a fire can be of vital importance. You can have a fast fire starter and he bought kindling, but if you run out of that kindling / prefabricated tinder, you have to trust your own abilities. Get a reliable or basic fire start. lighter, and do not forget the traditional parties.
Any of these can be your savior. Along with that, put some Tinder or cotton balls And Vaseline in a Altoids can. Make sure there is no way for water or moisture to get in and ruin your chances of a warm night. Practice starting a fire in safe conditions and discover how you can improve your skills.
the flash Not only is it a way to show you the way in the dark, but also a good signaling tool. If you like to camp, you probably enjoy larger lanterns and light bodies, but it is still crucial to have a more mobile and compact version of these items. A flashlight or a headlight are ideal for this. Even camping in your car, you may still have to go out in the dark. Immediately you can put a headlight and you are ready for that. In case you need help or are waiting for a rescue team, the lantern / beacon can become a powerful signaling tool.
The whistle and the signal mirror. They are partly similar to the flashlight because they can help rescuers locate it. These are traditional elements that will never need to be recharged, they will never run out of fuel, etc. They can work as long as you are able to use them. The whistle will give audio signals. If the rescue team can not locate it from above, it may be on the ground. Whenever you issue regular whistle signals, you can locate it very quickly.
The signal mirror is excellent during the day, especially when it is sunny. You must learn to use the mirror and focus the sunbeam in the right direction. The mirror can also be used to confuse an enemy or even temporarily blind a wild animal and have several seconds to escape.
The personal locator Beacon or PLB is an electronic device that regularly sends your current location. Some of these devices give you the option to send messages through a satellite connection. Of course, this means that you will need a clear sky to successfully send your location and exact coordinates, but it will still work even with a cloud cover between you and the satellite. Some of these devices can be connected to a smartphone, and you can send messages that way.
You can let your family or friends meet at certain times, so that they often know where you are on their way. Of course, this is ideal for hikers and hikers, but it can be invaluable if you are camping, but you have strayed and lost your way back. This contraption must be part of the inventory of any backpack or hiker.
When talking about connection it is important to mention the Mobile phone. Most people prefer to use smartphones when they are camping. Some carry solar chargers and rely on them to recharge the batteries of intelligent devices that constantly go hungry.
But what will happen if there is no sun for several days and you still need help or need to call a relative or friend? The batteries of cell phones are still much more reliable due to the lack of animations and sophisticated colors to power the screen.
The battery of a cell phone can be alive for a week on average. If your smart device’s battery runs out, you can use your cell phone and call an emergency phone or a family member. You should not underestimate the need to have a cell phone. Keep it off or in airplane mode (if you admit it) when you do not need it. This will keep the battery for longer.
When reading until now, you will ask, what about the food? And you will be right. We may not be talking about packing canned or lyophilized foods, but we can definitely recommend that you go hunting or fishing. In fact, if you do not have experience in hunting, we advise you to try fishing.
This is why you will definitely benefit from having a fishing line or even dental floss. If you make a primitive fishing rod and put the fishing line, you just need patience and some skills to catch some fish and have dinner tonight.
Any item that can help you fish successfully would be great, as long as it is not too bulky or heavy. If you think an article is important, but you’re worried about its weight, try to find a substitute for that item, which is much lighter and more compact. And of course, practice fishing before going camping. In case your camping trip is linked to fishing with your children, then there is no need to worry about your dinner.
Of course, the pocket knife It is another vital tool for survival. It is present in almost all backpacks, from the casual hiker to the hardest survivor. The pocket knife has many uses. You can skin an animal and clean a fish. You can cut strings or cords, or even make a bow or any other wooden tool.
You can clean the branches of a tree. And, of course, you can defend yourself against aggressive wild animals. While we do not support unnecessary attacks on any animal, an angry bear or a pack of hungry wolves demand serious measures. Use the knife only when your life is at stake and when you are talking about a life or death situation.
Finally, even if you are camping, do not forget to prepare the backpacks. All family members must have at least one backpack. If you decide to go exploring the nearby area, you can use the backpacks to store some water, clothing and signaling devices in the event of an incident. You should never go outside without a backpack ready to use at any time.
The ideal backpack should be able to fit all the above items. Optionally, you should be able to put in it essential elements such as navigation elements, water, blanket, signaling device, knife, flashlight and tools to start a fire. In case it is lost, it should be able to provide warmth and shelter while others are looking for it.
The flashlight and the tools to light fires are optional and necessary if you go on a tour before nightfall. Matches and tinder are also mandatory if you are camping during cold weather. Never go anywhere without them. Optionally, you can always store them in all available backpacks, so you do not have to pack them specifically before exploring.
CAMPING AND Hiking