Diurnal cycles

Period of apprenticeship. Is the title of foraging animals, and the process of saturation, which has different species of game the features. Most herbivores main time is the absorption of food, as food often bulky and sometimes dispersed over a large area. The predator, however, the process of absorption of food takes little time, whereas search and capture prey takes up a large part of the day, and sometimes several days. Feed composition, space and time period of apprenticeship vary depending on the season, the harvest for a particular food. In some species, it may be noted craving for certain Read more [...]
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Dining in the journey: cooking. Recipes for a hike

Facilitate the preparation of food can knowing the weight and volume ratios listed below. In a normal half-liter mug includes (in grams): monkey - 370, -400 buckwheat, millet - 410, oatmeal - 350, peas - 420, noodles (scrap-tion) and vermicelli - 210. In a tablespoon full of running out to the edges, is placed (in grams) butter (ghee or butter) - 15, of sugar - 12, condensed milk - 15, milk - 8, salt - 15. Rice and buckwheat cooked long. Before going buckwheat should be wiry and sifted, millet - washed and dried. Little margin semolina required for when the weather conditions are cooking is Read more [...]
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Deserts of Australia

The Green continent deserts got a huge area, almost half of the continent. A significant part of the Australian desert, namely, those that occupied the western part of the continent, are at an elevated position - on a vast plateau about 200 m above sea level. Some of the desert rise even higher, up to 600 meters, including the desert plains clearly visible two mountain fold systems with fairly high peaks - some of them reach the 1500 m Complex topography divides the giant Australian desert for a few, so to say, independent, autonomous deserts. The largest of them, the Great Sandy Desert Read more [...]
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Deadnettle speckled or spotted

Perennial herb 30-70 cm tall with creeping rhizome. Stems prostrate at the base, often rooting, white-pubescent. The leaves are ovate, up 2-6 (10) cm and 5.1 (6.5) cm, notched or serrated along the edges, top with white spots, the bottom - heart-shaped at the base, with long petioles 1.5-5.5 cm top - truncated, their petioles 0.5-1 cm long. Flowers numerous, 20-30 mm long, clustered in the axils of the upper leaves whorls of 6-10. Bracts linear, 4-5 times shorter than calyx, ciliate on the edge. Calyx campanulate, obliquely cut off in the throat, with five triangular extension at the bottom Read more [...]
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Daisy or daisy

A perennial herb with a short rhizome, erect, slightly faceted stem height of 15-60 cm and a basal rosette of leaves. Basal leaves spatulate, crenate at the edges, with long petioles, stem - oblong, the edges irregularly toothed, sessile, upper leaves much reduced, in which more than two. Flowers in large inflorescences single-baskets 25-60 mm in diameter. Boundary lozhnoyazychkovye flowers in baskets very long, white, do not form seed median tubular flowers of yellow color, bisexual, give normal fetal development, achene. Colouring marginal flowers Leucanthemum underlies the Latin name of Read more [...]
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Cow-crested

Annual plant 10-35 cm tall, covered with sparse white bristly hairs. Stem erect, simple or branched at the top, square. The leaves are opposite, lanceolate or linear, lower to 4 cm long, entire, with short petioles, the upper sessile, up to 8 cm long, base hastate or irregularly toothed. Inflorescence spicate, very thick and dense, square. Bract flowers yellow-green or light purple at the base sharply expanded, folded lengthwise, with raised irregular comb, sharp-toothed and ciliate margins, narrowed at the top of the lower leaves to lanceolate-linear, sharp-edged folded down the top 3 cm long; Read more [...]
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Cooking in field conditions

Enough food does not solve the problem of feeding the personnel group. Food within the group, as a rule, require additional processing and cooking. Prolonged consumption of products suitable for consumption without cooking (canned food, biscuits, etc.), ie monotony of food affects the physical condition leads to loss of appetite in constant sense nedoedaniya.Usloviya that have to cook the food (especially hot), are quite different from the usual. Limited range of products, lack of kitchen equipment and other circumstances complicate the process of cooking. Nevertheless, we should make every Read more [...]
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Common Quail

Quail or quail, as well as the gray partridge, chicken belongs to the order, the suborder actually chicken, pheasant family, genus quail. In the CIS 2 subspecies inhabits quail: widespread in the major regions of the country and the common quail occurring in the Far East and Trans-Baikal dumb, or East Siberian, quail. The latter differs from the common quail smaller, lighter plumage and weak, like the chirping of a grasshopper, a voice. Common Quail is widespread in the CIS and is well known to our hunters. In color plumage quail dominated yellowish-brown and gray-black tones. The upper side Read more [...]
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Climbing Training

The mass character of the Soviet mountaineering at all times, with much emphasis on the number of permits allocated by various trade union sports societies and institutions, still lagged behind the mass of the prewar years. The mass character of modern times can not be considered at all mass - it disappeared basis: alpine camps with well-functioning educational process, practically certified instructors. The mass popularity of the previous years was a good basis for creating a solid base for our sport climbing (as it was). In connection with the liquidation of the State Committee and the trade Read more [...]
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Chub

In Russia, the less and less there rivers with clean, uncontaminated by industrial waste water, and thus are found in fish, as many of them exist in such conditions simply can not. In small, winding, with the rapid changes in the depth and rate of flow rivers spinning seemed to do nothing, not the scale, but it is there, I often catch a spinning largest chub on the rocky shoals with a depth of about one meter. It all depends on the technique used and the fishing lures. His original and dobychlivuyu catching technique chub I called: hunting decoy "moving through the water." Dolavl Read more [...]
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Chestnut oak

The tree of the first magnitude, reaching a favorable conditions of 40 m in height and 120 cm in diameter. The average height of 25 meters bark of young branches gray, smooth, and on the barrel it is much darker and covered with deep cracks. The trees growing in the open, the crown spreads huge tent. Young shoots with thick yellow-gray hairs, which by the end of the first year of life is almost entirely lost. The leaves are slightly elongated, obovate or elliptic, 7-15 sharp teeth on edge and a triangular blade end, a very dense, almost leathery, upper side dark green, the lower - light green Read more [...]
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Chapter VII. Midwinter. Preparation for luge grocery

Books, chess, cards. - Boxing at temperatures below zero. - Disease Browning. - The wind carries tools. - Potatoes - in a bowl, bread - the bunks. - Feast Day of mid-winter. - Frozen champagne. - Preparing for sleigh trips. - harness. Bags for food. - Food. - Long live the personal initiative! - Reading literature on Antarctica. - Our diet during sled trips. - Kitchen. - Download the sled. By the beginning of June, all used to the night shift, and the new schedule is made only change that I, more than ever, I wanted to lie in bed in the morning, instead of jumping to breakfast, and grab an Read more [...]
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Rhode ECHINOPS L. — Echinops.

Herbaceous perennials, 40-150 cm tall. Distribution: European part (south), Western and Eastern Siberia (south), the Far East. Contain alkaloids and 20% in the fruits of E. sphaerocephalus L, triterpenoids, fitosteriiy, flavonoids, and higher aliphatic hydrocarbons established structure. Zhnrioe allocated oil to 28% of the fruits of S. sphaerocephalus, essential oil, tannins, rubber. Found coumarins, saponins, vitamin C. Medicinal. Therapeutic action - diureticheskoe1 - E. ruthenicus M. Bieb. (Syn. E. ritro auct.), E. sphaerocephalus, tonic - Subtitle. Part E. latifolius, E. sphaerocephalus, Read more [...]
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Catching a specific (quot;anomalousquot;) places

If an analysis of clusters in different parts of the chub river, that reveal the appeal of it to stand out sharply against the background of irregularities or other so-called "anomalous" sites (Fig. 34).Such places attract asp, like a magnet, though, at first glance, next to them can not see any activity. Only polarized glasses sometimes help understand the essence of going under the water moves, if, of course, with stealth and in disguise zhereshatnika okay. Sometimes the shadows and strange silhouettes speak of the presence of a predator angler and his intentions (the open "fight" Read more [...]
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Cirsium heterophyllous

Perennial herb 40-120 cm tall with long rhizome. Stems ascending, simple or with one or two branches at the top, furrowed-ribbed, often dark purple, especially at the top, cobwebby hairs under belovoylochnye baskets. Leaves lanceolate or ovate, bottom belovoylochnye, green above, with winged petioles lower, middle and upper - sessile, half, with the ears. Baskets rounded-ovate, large, single or few at the tips of stems and branches. The flowers are red. Fruits - a straw-yellow achenes with dirty white or brownish-white crest. Blooms in June and July, achenes ripen in July-September. European Read more [...]
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Buttercup poison

Buttercups - marigold family, they're from the same family. Different types of buttercups growing in forests, meadows, high mountains, deserts, even in the Arctic in the snow. There buttercup, almost entirely submerged in water, with entire leaves floating on the surface, and cut into thin "strings" underwater leaves. Many species live in humid areas. No wonder the scientific name of the genus Ranunculus comes from the Latin "wound" - a frog. All buttercups, and indeed most of the family are poisonous. Hence the Russian name: ranunculus - bitter, angry. But the most Read more [...]
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Everest: The Outer Limits — The final price (Season 1, series-6)

Episode 6: The final price Going down all the members suffer from extreme cold. Frostbite this time affected more people than all the other expeditions Russell. For each participant, regardless of whether he has reached the summit or not, the main road is the way to go home. They talk about the expedition of the year and that it will return to the mountain ever again.Additional description of the series: "Everest: The Outer Limits" Download: letitbit.net Read more [...]
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Taiga plains and hills. Physical features of the taiga

The huge territory - from Scandinavia to the Pacific, from the polar tundra to Tian Shan in Eurasia, from the plains and mountain tundra of northern Canada and Alaska south to northern U.S. - covered by coniferous forest temperate zone. And all this vast area of the world can be described in one word - the taiga. From the point of view of Geobotany taiga - is vast forests, formed by one or several types of coniferous trees: cedar, pine, fir, spruce, larch, but sometimes mixed with aspen and birch fires. Yet we call dense taiga and deciduous thicket Ussuri, and forest wilds of Canada, and Read more [...]
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Blackcock

Common grouse is widespread in almost all forest areas of our states and familiar as hunters, sportsmen, hunters and fishing. Grouse hen belongs to the order, suborder actually chicken, grouse family, genus ptarmigan. Male grouse local hunters called blacky, cock-Polevik, Berezovikov, grouse and Polnikov. Female-hen - grouse, dearie, Polya, marakushka, Ryabushka and polnyushka. Male black grouse and the size and color is very different from the hen. Average weight Kosach reaches 1200-1300 grams, while the hen weighs 800-1000 grams. Rooster has a brilliant black plumage with bluish metallic Read more [...]
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Bike Trip: Clothing and Footwear

Best ride in bike shorts (can be in shorts), T-shirt and Panama hat or a soft cotton hat with a large plastic shield. Wear clothes made of cotton flannel or bikes should not be, because in such clothes packed dust, wet, dry it long. Shoes must meet the requirements of tourists shoes: soft, durable and comfortable, low-heeled shoes and to a rigid sole.Need waterproof jacket or a piece of plastic fabric, which is used as rest stops on the tablecloth. Cycling clothing should be warmer. You can wear cotton ski suits. Depending on weather conditions, time and location convenient travel for biking Read more [...]
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