Pathfinder Gleb Daniltseva - series transmission, which introduces the viewer to the skills and knowledge necessary for a successful, enjoyable and safe hiking in the woods. How to make and where to make a fire, what to do in the winter dusk and at night, any of the animals and insects to fear, and finally, how to help yourself if trouble has occurred - this will tell the author and host Gleb Daniltsev.
Series 4. Twilight in the forest.
In this program you will learn about the characteristics of human vision in twilight and at night, on the properties of a variety of lamps and lights, learn about Read more [...]
Perennial herb 15-50 cm tall, with short many-headed rootstock leaves pinnate, pubescent surrounding hairs on the stem (winged axis) between the main culm leaf segments are small wedges or teeth, so the list seems to be broken-pinnate. Baskets are collected in a common apical corymbose inflorescence. Marginal flowers in a basket lozhnoyazychkovye, white, median - tubular. Fruit - achene. Blooms from June to September, the fruits ripen from July. Europe and North species spread in the European part of Russia, Western Siberia and the Caucasus. In Central Russia is found in all areas, and in Read more [...]
Biennial dark green plant height from 60 to 180 cm Stems erect, simple or branched at the top, cruise to the top. The leaves are soft, ovate or oblong-ovate, sinuate-incised or lobed, with fine bristles on the edges, bottom, bright, felt or arachnoid, with winged petioles. Baskets are ovoid or subglobose, 2-4 clustered at the tips of stems and branches, rarely single, tubular flowers with bisexual. Corolla purple, rarely more light and even almost white. Fruit - small grayish achenes with pappus. It flowers from June to September, achenes ripen in July and October.
It is widely distributed Read more [...]
A perennial herbaceous plant from 15 to 50 cm, with an oblique rhizome and a large number of brown roots. Stems single or few, simple or branched only in inflorescence, rounded or slightly angular, erect or arcuate at base, glabrous. Basal leaves oblanceolate, up to 15 cm, crenate or neyasnozubchatye the edge drawn from uzkoklinovidnogo foundation in long petiole equal plate, stem leaves are linear, in the upper part of the shoot subsessile. Flowers on long stalks, in few-apical inflorescences. Calyx glabrous, conical, its teeth firmly pressed to the rim, they are a little longer than the tube, Read more [...]
I moved cautiously on the aisle, close to the point that it had to push hard and move mostly sideways. A minute later I was all in a lather. There probably should as far as possible to describe what Aral reeds, or else do not understand. They say - thin as a reed, so this is not exactly about the Aral reeds. Old canes immediately powerful, thick, four or five feet tall, but most importantly - to grow up tightly that places the gun barrel between them prosunesh no, not that most go through. A solid wall of unknown thickness.
In this wall here, I finally and rested. Had a pass, but all Read more [...]
Our planet is surrounded by three shells. The one on which we all live - hard and is called the lithosphere. Rivers, lakes, seas, oceans form a liquid coating - hydrosphere, and envelop her air - a gaseous atmosphere. All three shell sharply demarcated, although penetrate each other. In the XIX century. the idea of the existence of a very special enclosure where born and now live creatures. And because they live both on land and in the water and in the air, the biosphere (living area) has no clearly defined boundaries, occupying the upper layers of the lithosphere and the hydrosphere and Read more [...]
Kidus - a mixture of sable and pine marten. In the foreign market of fur animal fur is valued slightly below Tobolsk sable fur. Kidus different sable longer tail and rough hair. The main dispersal kidusov are: Omsk, Sverdlovsk, Tyumen and Chelyabinsk regions and partially Komi. Outside the USSR kidusy not occur. Fur color kidusov usually sand with light blue fur.
Skins kidusov need to remove the tube and straighten hair out. The ridge kidusovye skins do not divide. As I grade isolated skin kidusov scored winter, in II grade - Slaughtered in late autumn or early winter (credit-80%) and Read more [...]
The hydrographic network is represented mostly desert intermittent beds of temporary streams, where the water is only in the rainy season, and then only a few days. Major rivers originate far from the desert and crossing them, nourish life-giving water only a narrow strip of land along a river bed.
There is a river in the world that exists in dry areas only during the heavy rains of 2-3 h for 3-4 years. In a short time they dump a lot of water and form a short and deeply embedded in the terrain of the valley (wadi). Most of these rivers are found in the Red Sea and the Arabian Peninsula. Read more [...]
ToEach Member knife, even the most that neither is a company and the road eventually becomes blunt, and will have to sharpen it to continue to operate them conveniently and safely. How to do it yourself and wisely tells Omsk master knives Victor Chulkin. Network premiere, especially for visitors survinat.com
Download video: letitbit.net Read more [...]
Herbaceous perennials and 200 cm high. Distribution: Western and Eastern Siberia, the Far East.
Contain triterpenoids, chromones, phytosterols, and phenolic acids, esters (Takahira et al., 1998a, b), and fatty acids established structure. Marked tannins. Detected alkaloids, flavonoids, vitamin C.
Medicinal. Therapeutic action - hypotensive, sedative - Hopes. CS dahurica (Turcz.) Maxim., analgesic, antipyretic - Subtitle. CS heracleifolia Kom., C. foetida L., bracing, obstetrical - Subtitle. Part C. foetida, detoxification - S. heracleifolia. Indications - infections / infestations: with Read more [...]
Since ancient times, people are concerned about an amazing ability of animals to find their way unerringly to his "home" in a special way to see and hear and navigate in a very long journey, identify obstacles and find food.
Study human animals covers a wide range of navigation problems - from simple chemical perceptions to such sophisticated tools as natural sonar, radar, polaroids, solar compass, "physiological clock" intricate "dance" communication methods, open in bees.
From bats to fish, from fish to dolphins, insects, birds, rats, monkeys and snakes crossing Read more [...]
Capercaillie common in mixed and coniferous forests of the western border of the USSR to the river. Lena and Baikal.
Winter grouse spend the night in the snow in the winter with little time - on the trees near the trunk. In the education of young males do not participate. Female suits nest on the ground.
Habitat - of tall coniferous forests with mossy swamps and low forest.
Capercaillie winter eats needles of pine, cedar, spruce and fir, mountain ash berries, viburnum, juniper, buds and leaves of trees, if a little snow - berries cranberries and cranberry. In the summer, Read more [...]
Magazine "Rybachte with us" - the undisputed leader among the fishing publications with the largest circulation in its niche - 117,500 copies - and constant tendency to increase circulation. The focus of the magazine - information about fishing all kinds and forms, directions and features, tips for beginners and professional secrets. Apart from the fact that our readers will learn about fishing and recreation in the world, they also learn about a huge experience of Russian fishermen. The magazine "Rybachte us" Readers will find up to date information on new products manufacturers Read more [...]
sketch from life or from a photo of the terrain with the designation of the most characteristic points (elements) of the landscape. The resulting perspective view of the landscape (the scheme) is used to route and subsequent orientation on the ground during the campaign.
A sketch of the area from life starts with "binding" of the future scheme to his subject area. For this visually eye-level outline skyline and Ch. vertical (so that they pass through specific guidelines, for example. single bush or tree on the slope, a rocky ledge of unusual shape, Read more [...]
In 1881, of the spotted hemlock (Conium maculaturn), a biennial plant of the family. Celery with a very unpleasant, strong smell of mouse urine, the German chemist August Wilhelm Hofmann isolated alkaloid coniine. Soon the lab Viennese pharmacologist Professor Carl Shroff decided to test the effect of this poison. In addition to the scientific interest was also different: according to the legend on the order of hemlock juice Athenian government in 399 BC. e. Socrates was poisoned.
Historians of ancient Rome Pliny and Tacitus, testified that it was in Greece, hemlock was used for the execution Read more [...]
Fur fishing in the country - one of the most important and the most economically profitable source of foreign exchange. Most trades are furs - a valuable export commodity, mined mainly only in Kazakhstan (muskrat, squirrel-sandstone, marmots, squirrel, weasel, Light, and ermine). So, in all-Union blanks muskrat pelts our country is about 34, according to gopher-sandstone - 95, marmot - 40%, etc.
In 1961, the export value of furs produced in Kazakhstan is estimated at several million gold rubles. In some years, fur harvesting in the country were given currency much more. For example, in Read more [...]
Perennial plant up to 100 cm tall. The leaves are large, double or almost tridzhy pinnate, with relatively short petioles, covered with brownish scales. Sori falcate, rarely oval, close together, on the edge of the bract sori incised. Sporonosit in July and August.
It is widely distributed in the temperate zone of the northern hemisphere, including almost the entire territory of Russia, with the exception of the steppe regions.
It is common in the rain forests of various types, sometimes forming thickets in clearings. Is distributed extensively, spores germinate well in the wet soil devoid Read more [...]
To increase the accuracy of movement in azimuth, guidance on topography recommend the following methods.
The first of them - is the use of intermediate targets. Defining the direction of the compass in the area, which corresponds to our azimuth necessary to identify an object (tree, shrub, etc.), who is strictly in the right direction. This item will be our first intermediate guide. It is only necessary to guide was quite noticeable and not lose sight of the approach to it. When he reached the first intermediate point of reference, in the same manner the second interim guideline and move Read more [...]
In central snakes are found not only in forests, but also in the fields that are very close to the forest, mossy bog, in gullies and crevices, some overgrown ponds and lakes. During the day they hide in haystacks, under rocks, fallen trees, old stumps. Therefore, in these areas can not walk barefoot or in open shoes. Snakes tend to bite into the bottom half of the tibia, so going on a trip, you need to wear tight pants, thick woolen socks. Of great importance is shoes. Rubber boots and barren snake bites are not: her teeth are weak and easily broken. Heavy Wool socks also protects against Read more [...]
Synonyms: Spermophilus eversmanni, Citellus eversmanni. Kazakh name: tapak kuypyuk. Local name: emuranok - Altai. In Pushnikov: obyknovennyysuslik.
Notes on taxonomy. Long-tailed ground squirrel was first described by Pallas to p. Selenga (Transbaikalia). In 1841, Brandt described the long-tailed ground squirrel called - Spermophilus eversmanni and in the same year, the gopher Eversmann was described under the name of - Arctomys altaicus.
The Asian long-tailed ground squirrel is very close to the American parakeet gopher - Citellus parryi Rich., 1827. The latter are somewhat Read more [...]