Survivalism | The survival encyclopedia - Part 2


Rhode CHAMAENERION Hill — HAMENERION.

Herbaceous perennials, 10-150 cm tall. Propagation: All. Triterpenoids contain up to 1.9% in the leaves of Ch. angustifolium (L.) Scop., flavonoids, fitoste-width, carbohydrates, as well as phenolic and higher fatty acids, aliphatic hydrocarbons and alcohols established structure. Marked tannins and 20% of podz.ch. and leaves Ch. angustifolium, fatty oil, slime. Detected up to 1% alkaloids in the leaves of Ch. angustifolium, anthocyanins, pectin, vitamin C. Medicinal. Therapeutic action - healing wounds - Subtitle. hours, leaves, flowers, Ch. angustifolium, fruit Ch. latifolium (L) Th. Read more [...]
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Sustenance in the mountains

Catering services in the event of an emergency and the need for long-term autonomous existence in the mountains is different. They are related in the first place, so, on what continent, in what the mountains and at what height you are. Also, remember that many people already at an altitude of 2000 meters there is deterioration or even complete loss of appetite. Many products generally cause rejection and even disgust, and when used are not digested by the body. With a height of these symptoms can only increase. With water, as a rule, there are no problems, except for the high-altitude Read more [...]
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Obezzhirovka skins

After the shoot skin, it must be degrease. With skin scrapings to remove pieces of muscle prirezi that always remain after the shooting, as well as films and fat. If this is not done, sandpaper fast break, especially if stored in a warm place. The skins of animals of different species degreased, using different devices. So, for the skins, pick up the receiver and stocking typically use tapered wooden blanks, and for hides taken carpet - board or deck. On pig skin and put a knife to scrape off scour prirezi, fat, etc. Obezzhirovku always produce from the tail to the head. Large skins Read more [...]
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Bear Scare

For this purpose can be achieved with the sounds, smells, sights, pain effects and combinations of these factors. Contribute to the success of the unusual, unexpected power and elected administration. Bear scares click vzvodimogo trigger or gate clang cringe. Once a hunter with no bullets, scared animal clatter quickly repeated Quitting and closing a shotgun. Of course, bear scare loud shot from a gun, pistol, revolver, burst firecrackers and other fireworks. Scaring off a shot, shoot not a beast, and in the air at his side. Thunderflash or snaryadnik Flares should strike the ground between Read more [...]
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Suppuration

In the campaign, which lasts for 3-4 days or more, it is possible that minor wounds and abrasions that did not require treatment in the clinic, festered by dirt. In these cases, the novice camper often tends to put on the injured area sintomitsinovoy emulsion (or other ointment) layer thicker. But this is precisely what not to do. While there is a festering, such ointments are ineffective. These measures should be aimed at extracting pus from the wound. For this to fester wound impose gauze soaked hypertonic saline. In field conditions easier to prepare a solution by taking 1 part salt to Read more [...]
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Spring … blues

Spring has arrived. All normal people greeted her happily, feeling a surge of energy after dark and cold of winter, and as it comes alive with nature. A crazy - hunters and anglers enjoyed a few. Hunters still complain: they let the ten days, but the hunt is opened. On Drake and woodcock. And, here, anglers really sad. They could legitimately for two whole months takes away the right to fish. What? Of course, we understand - the fish spawn, it is best not to disturb at such a crucial moment. But here, in my opinion defies logical explanation. Fishing rules allow one to catch bait two Read more [...]
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Some organizational, economic and legal issues related to the coordination of forestry and hunting

Often, there are contradictions between the interests of forestry and hunting are not just a reflection of the dialectical nature of the relationship existing between hunting animals and their forest habitat and can be explained by economic and organizational factors. Users of forest and hunting resources usually belong to different departments. Each of them economically and morally interest in the performance of their departmental plans. A clear organizational and economic system, which would make it possible and profitable for forestry and hunting integrated use of forest resources. Read more [...]
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Smelly bait for animals

These include a variety of products and food supplements that affect animals through the sense of smell, are used in the hunt for them or for privazhivaniya (habituation) to a particular place in the hunting grounds. Scented baits can be simple or compound. Simple scented baits include the following:a squirrel - touchwood soaked camphor oil is very effective for luring the animal, instead you can use old rotten fir or pine cones, which should also drop a little camphor, about traps, especially at the end of winter, you can use human urine soaked rags or foam it for bait ; the beaver - Alcohol Read more [...]
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Simple bayonet polushtyk

Simple bayonet consists of two identical polushtykov (Fig. 1). Please note that the direction of run-out in both polushtykah maintained (in Fig. 1 runner was surrounded against the direction of the clock, when viewed from the root part), because then it turns more solid unit. It makes no sense to use more than three polushtykov, as more polushtykov usually enhances the site. Simple bayonet is very common, for example for securing cargo to the trunk of a car. If the running end in a simple bayonet attached to a radical end (Fig. 2), this site is not delayed. Then it can be used with a strong Read more [...]
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First aid for snake bites

Snake bite is always unexpected. Up to 80% of bites, usually during daytime. This can be explained by the fact that at night the snake hunts and afternoon napping, curled around the stump or bush. Snake little noticeable, so people can walk on it or touch it, but the one defending his bite. Snake teeth resemble hollow needle with a hole high medical needle. The bite of the poison gets into the soft tissue to a depth of one inch and is rapidly absorbed into the blood. The bite of a viper on average allocates poison to 0.01 g, viper - 0.06 g, Cobra - 0.08 g, and some snake venom produce Read more [...]
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The sex ratio and age boar

The sex ratio in the population - an important factor in determining the size and growth rates of use. Sex composition of the herd boar undergoing geographic and age variability. At the stage of the embryos in Central Asia, Volga Delta and the Caucasus dominate females - 60 - 66% (Sludsky, 1956, Lavrovsky, 1962). In the Far East, the sex ratio of embryos 1: 1. In the west of the range in the Bialowieza Forest of female fetuses are 45% (Kozlov, 1969). Among the adult sex ratio is approaching 1:1 with some predominance (50.9%) females for populations of Central Asia (Sludsky, 1956) and Caucasian Read more [...]
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Seabuckthorn krushinovaya

Found on the banks of lakes, floodplains in the sands and gravels, the ravines in the steppe south-east of the European part of Russia, in the southern part of the forest zone and the steppe zone of Siberia, in the foothills and mountainous parts of Central Asia. Very thorny shrub, sometimes a small spreading tree up to 5-6 m in height. Usually arcuate branches form a kind of silver-gray tent. Bicolor leaves, green above-or gray-green, silvery-white below, get a golden color in autumn, sit closer together. In the early spring of male plants visible very small flowers in spikes. Female flowers Read more [...]
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Mnogoryadnik Brown

Perennial with zimnezelenymi leaves. The leaves are 30-60 cm long, leathery, glossy, dark green, both sides hairy, twice pinnate, with short petioles along veins and along the shaft of the plate densely covered with brown, film. Second-order segments rhomboid-or trapezoidal-rounded, unequally, teeth curved, ending long whitish bristles. Spores mature in July and August. Raspostranen in the northern hemisphere in temperate climates. In Russia - a strip of coniferous and deciduous forests across the area, but everywhere rare. Included in the Red Data Book of the Moscow region. It grows on the Read more [...]
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Rules of conduct during takeoff and landing aircraft

There are some basic rules that you must follow when taking off and landing of aircraft regardless of whether they are accidental or not. 1. Before each takeoff and landing necessarily wear the seat belts and check the tightness of fit of the body as low as possible in your thighs. 2. Remain fastened until the tablets resolution unfasten straps. 3. Check for an overhead heavy things in the cargo net. 4. Pending resolution "unfasten belts" not to remove his outer clothing and shoes. 5. Sat in a chair, remove tie, glasses, sharp pins and brooches. Dangerous it Read more [...]
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Rockfalls

Diverse atmospheric phenomena slowly but continuously destroy mountains. Change of cold heat contributes to the formation of cracks and crevices in the rock. Further penetration and freezing water, even in very small crevices of rocks, gradually destroying them, separating from each other and transforming monolithic mass into separate fragments. Wind, water and extreme changes in temperature further dissect the rocks and debris thrown down forming rockfalls. A small rock had fallen down, can knock the other unstable lying on the ledge, one falling in turn knocks down the third ... a hail Read more [...]
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Rhode XANTHOSELINUM Schur — KSANTOSELINUM.

X. alsaticum (L) Schur (syn. Peucedanum alsaticum L.) - herbaceous miogoletiik 50-150 cm tall. Distribution: European part (south), the Caucasus, Western Siberia. Furokumariny contains 0.2% in fruits, flavonoids and glitsnty established structure. Allocated 0.32% of essential oil from the fruit. Medicinal. Indications - pain: with arthralgia, diseases of the nervous system: the epilepsy. In the experiment, Subtitle. h exhibits antibacterial activity. Food. Edible boiled: the stalks (young) leaves. Read more [...]
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Rhode THYMELAEA Mill. — TIMELEYA.

T. passerina (L.) Coss. et Germ. — Annual and 100 cm high. Distribution: European part, the Caucasus, Western Siberia.

Contains coumarins, phytosterols, triterpenoids, and higher aliphatic hydrocarbons and alcohols ustaiovleiioy structure. Discovered vitamin C, R.

Medicinal. Therapeutic action — laxative — leaves.

Toxicity. Toxic. Melliferous.

Broomrape Kum, or sunflower

One-, two-or perennial herbaceous plant height of 10 to 50 cm, pubescent with short glandular hairs. The stem is yellowish or brownish, slightly thickened at the base, with a few widely lanceolate or ovate, scale-like leaves. Inflorescence many-flowered, cylindrical or oblong, usually loose, with far apart the lower flowers, the rest of the stem equal to or longer than him. Covering scales acuminate-ovate or ovate, calyx segments free, usually less than half its length, bifid or entire. Corolla up to 20 mm, tubular, strongly bent forward, with a clear constriction above the insertion of the Read more [...]
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Orientation in the Arctic and Antarctic

Determination of the horizon and the choice of direction in the polar regions of the Earth - sometimes a very difficult task. Monotonous, devoid of pronounced signs of terrain, snow cover, smoothing characteristics of relief; unstable and often inclement weather, peculiar mode of day and night - all this creates significant challenges for orientation. Even natives of the Far North can not always choose the right path, contrary to popular belief about their almost supernatural abilities to find the road in any situation. According to anthropologists, the Nenets men, wandering from year to year Read more [...]
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Tests for quality knives

Witheychas knives at fans in Russia there are many opportunities to choose and buy a knife like that. This can be done in stores and online, you can pick up a knife and budget and expensive production model and the product from the masters. There are many forums and conferences, where lovers of knives discuss the advantages and disadvantages of models. A lot of information and keep track of all is almost impossible. On almost all domestic conferences often given and discussed issues of quality knives. It is interesting to all - beginners and people who know, it's not one person can buy Read more [...]
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