Survivalism | The survival encyclopedia - Part 3

Rhode PEDICULARIS L. — Pedicularis.

Herbaceous perennials, rarely single, biennials 3-100 cm high. Propagation: All. Nrndoidy contain alkaloids and 0.5% in P. venusta Schangin ex Bunge, flavonoids to 18.3% in the oversight. Part P. longiflora Rudolph, carotenoids, lignans and sesquiterpenoids (Gao, Jia, Codina, 1996), neolignany (Wang, Jia, 1996, 1997), purine nukleoeidy (Wang, Jia, 1996a), fennlpropa-Noida (Su, Li, Jia , 1997) and phenolic glycosides established structure. Marked tannins. Found coumarins, cardenolides. steroidal saponins. Medicinal. Those pan e in T and tical about marketing action - a diuretic - P. dasystachys Read more [...]
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Rhode NUPHAR Smith — egg capsule.

Aquatic herbaceous perennials to 4 m long. Distribution: all regions except the Arctic. Contain alkaloids (including seskviterpeiovye alkaloids (Yamahara et al., 1996), phytosterols, carbohydrates and sugar esters, phenolics and higher fatty acid established structure. Allocated tannins to 6.7% from the seeds of N. lutea (L.) Sm . discovered vitamin C. Medicinal. Therapeutic action - spermatotsidnoe - Subtitle. Part 1 N. lutea (Гос. registry. 2000), astringent, choleretic - Subtitle. hours, diuretic - flowers, sedative - flowers, seeds, wound healing, anti-inflammatory, analgesic - leaves, Read more [...]
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Cold steel shock-crushing type

Let's start with the bad: the weapons under Russian law allowed for circulation in the country. But despite the ban, it is widely distributed and used. These are numerous varieties svinchatok, brass knuckles, a club and telescopic batons, say, weapons, perfect for the street. Governmental Attitude shock - Blunt Weapons is understandable, because in contrast to the knife can not be used as a tool, it is only a weapon with all the ensuing consequences. But here we must not forget about certain tactical advantages provided such weapons. It is a highly selective, they can easily injure the Read more [...]
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Annuals, herbaceous perennials, 10-100 cm tall. Propagation: All. Contain flavonoids (including isoflavones) pterokarnany, quinones, steroids (including phytosterols), triterpenoids (including triterpenoid saponins (Kang et al, 1998), tsiklitoly, non-protein amino acids and other nitrogen Conn., and phenolic and glikoeidy phenolic acids established structure. detected lectins (Chatelain, Roques, Rouge, 1994), carbohydrates to 59.1% in the seeds of L. sativus L, vitamins C, D, tocopherols. Medicinal. Therapeutic action - choleretic - fruits of L. cicera L, tonic - Hopes. Part L. pilosus Cham., Read more [...]
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Aquatic herbaceous perennials 12-45 cm high. Propagation: All. Contain flavonoids (including anthocyanins in H), coumarins, and phenolic acids established structure. Found alkaloids. Drug (H. vulgaris L.). Those pa n and EBT tical to e action - anti-inflammatory, wound healing, astringent, antipyretic - Hopes. hours Statement - injury: for bruises - leaves, diseases of the digestive system: diarrhea - Hopes. h; tumors: tumors - the leaves. Stern. For waterfowl, cattle, axis deer, goats: N. vulgaris. Read more [...]
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Organization bivouacs

A detailed study of the route and timetable planning carefully thought out place to stay. However, the selection of a camp on the map is of a general nature. It mainly considers the number of kilometers a day's, the presence of residential areas and fuel. When choosing a camp in the far north is primarily concerned with the location of a camp to the terrain. Other factors are solved by themselves. If there are no rivers or freshwater lakes, the water used for the preparation of the snow. Domestic fuel, usually still missing. Level ground in the tundra everywhere. When choosing Read more [...]
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Rhode ERYSIMUM L. — Erysimum.

Single, biennials, herbaceous perennials 3-130 cm high. Propagation: All. Cardenolides contain up to 8.5% in the seeds of E. canescens Roth. (Syn. E. diffusum Ehrh.), Izotiotsia-coordinates to 3.8% in the seeds of E. hieracifolium L., thioglycosides, glyukoznnolaty, phytosterols and higher fatty acid established structure. Allocated to the fixed oil from the seeds of 42.7% E. chei-ranthoides L., tannins to 5.5% of the Subtitle. Part E. canescens. Alkaloids found up to 05% in the seeds of E. aureum M. Bieb., Flavonoids, triterpene sapoiiiy, organic acids to 0.2% in the stems of E. flavum (Georgi) Read more [...]
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Gray groundhog — marmota baibacina kastsch. Habitat

In the Kazakh upland habitats Groundhog diverse. In the Central Highlands in the mountains and Te Koshubay mirshi marmots, from the height of about 1000 m found everywhere from the flat, sometimes broad and wavy, valley bottoms to steep (50 °), rocky slopes and cliffs near the trap crest of the mountains, but mostly at the bottom of shallow and moderately steep (10 - 30 °) slopes predominantly northern, Western, Eastern and Southern rarely displays (Figure 80). Ground melkozemlisty rarely (only in some places in the bottoms of the valleys) and is usually very rocky, often almost entirely consists Read more [...]
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Rhode CONIUM L. — Hemlock.

C. maculatum L. - Biennial to 250 cm tall. Distribution: European part, the Caucasus, Western Siberia, the Far East (Primorye). Contains alkaloids to 2% in the fruit, other nitrogen Comm., Coumarin and 0.6% in the stems (including furokumariny), flavonoids (including anthocyanins) monoterpenondy, carbohydrates, acyclic poliatsetilenovye Comm., As well as phenolic n higher fatty acids established structure. Highlighted the essential oil 0.1% NZ leaves, fatty oil to 17.5 "A NZ fruit. Medicinal. Therapeutic action - analgesic, cross-dative - Hopes. hours, haemostatic - fruit. Indications Read more [...]
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Annuals 3-10 cm tall. Distribution: European part (south and south-east), the Caucasus, Western Siberia. Contain y-lactones established structure. Allocated resin to 1.8% of oversight. CS testi-culata (Crantz) Besser. Detected alkaloids, cardenolides, flavonoids, uronic acid. Medicinal. Indications - diseases of the skin and subcutaneous fat: with skin diseases - S. testiculata, eczema - C. falcata (L.) Pers., S. testi-culata, psoriasis - C. falcata. The clinic oversight. CS testiculata effective in skin and venereal and surgical practice. In the experiment, exhibits antibacterial activity. Toxicity. Read more [...]
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Rhode BROMOPSIS Fourr. — RUMP.

Herbaceous perennials, 30-120 cm tall. Distribution: all regions except the Arctic. Carbohydrates and phenolic acids established structure. Isolated waxes. Found karotnnoidy, pectin, vitamin C. Medicinal. Therapeutic action - a diuretic, laxative, anthelmintic - V. pimpelliana (Schribn.) Holub. Stern. For all types of farm animals: B. inermis (Leyss.) Holub. Environmental significance. Peskozakreplyayuschee: B. inermis. Read more [...]
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Rhode ARTEMISIA L. — Wormwood.

Single, biennials, herbaceous perennials, shrubs, bushes, shrubs, 5-170 cm high. Propagation: All. Contain mono-and seskviterpeioidy (including seskviterpeiovye lactones), di-n triterpenoids, flavonoids and 4% in the oversight. Part A. lessingiana Besser, coumarins to 1.9% in oversight. Part A. vulgaris L. (Including moioterpenovye coumarins (Kwak et al., 1997), seskvnterpenovye coumarins, izokuma-width), chromones, chalcones, lignans, phytosterols, tsiklitoly, polnatsetilenovye Comm., As well as nitrogen-Comm. (Shukla, Farooqi, Shukla, 1997), phenolic glycosides (Lee et al., 1996), phenols, Read more [...]
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Prevention of injuries in the campaign

Bleeding wounds, as a rule, tourists are due to careless use of an ax, a saw, a knife, other sharp objects. So dangerous sharp objects must be transported in special covers. At stops for them is given a separate place. They are stored on the established rule. Never saws, axes, ice picks, metal hooks and other items thrown on the ground, to hang on the trees, stretching tents. Working with sharp edged objects requires certain skills, abilities, and skills. Not accidentally say the ax in the hands of inept - a terrible weapon. There are certain rules for dealing with an ax to break that Read more [...]
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Wild radish

Together with rosettes bittercress, Thlaspi and shepherd's purse found similar to bittercress outlet different from her pink stem and middle rib. The leaves in these outlets more rugged and covered stiff hairs. These outlets are more common in the fields, especially corn and potato. They belong to the wild radish - Raphanus zaphanistrum. They are edible and taste very similar to their cultural namesake - radish. Wild radish may well be used in a salad, if mixed with a neutral herb, but for cooking it is not suitable - is bitter and after cooking. Wild radish - very fast growing weed. Read more [...]
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Photostands and photo albums

Opportunity to make a stand with photos and after the campaign depends entirely on what kind of photos were brought out of the campaign. Often, after a long hike is not images that are suitable for an album or stand. On the other hand, sometimes after a Sunday hike guys bring a dozen or two different pictures. Therefore it is not necessary that the photo report reflects the most significant tourist event of the season. Must be prepared release, based on the material that is. And if these issues will be a few of the year, even better. When the photographer is not enough, it must be remembered Read more [...]
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Ray Mears: The Art of Survival — Australian prairie

Raymond "Ray" Mears (Born February 7, 1964) is a British writer and broadcaster TV, an expert on the art of survival in extreme environments. Survival expert Ray Mears travels to different corners of the planet. He will teach you not only see the beauty of wildlife, but also to take away everything you need to survive. As a true master of his craft, he does not miss the opportunity to learn from the locals. Virtually every series are wonderful and understand examples of survival under these conditions untrained people. The main feature of this series of broadcasts from other similar Read more [...]
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Group 1. Roads and road structures

This group includes 11 major topographical signs. Hikers to go on their routes often use the road, but even then, when they go on the road, the roads and trails can serve as reference points. All roads can be divided into three main types: the railways for trains, roads, unpaved roads (before all the roads were called horse-drawn). Roads, dirt roads, roads. Highways are called roads with specially made hard artificial surface - stone (cobblestone, paving), asphalt or concrete. Conditional topographical signs highway is two thin black lines parallel to each other, the intermediate Read more [...]
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Psycho-emotional reaction to an extreme situation

Of the many references show that the authors have different opinions possibility of developing mental disorders as a reaction to an extreme situation. One group of researchers believe that natural disasters can cause a lot of mental and physical disorders associated with acute and chronic psihotravmatizatsiey. Different point of view is supported by other investigators, who believe that a genuinely negative impact on the mental health of certain groups of the population is relatively easy, short-lived and may themselves arrested. The extreme situation can cause both short-term and longer psychiatric Read more [...]
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Prevention toons. quot; Grease

Multiplier reels are divided into two types. In some of the cast runner accompanies the descent line from the spool, the other - is in place. Depending on the type belongs to whom coil, applying a particular lubricant. For coils used to move the slider liquid lubricant. Big name companies typically bundle their coil "native" lubricants. For example, coil «Ambassadeur 6500 CS ROCKET» and "650 CS Mag Elite» Swedish company «Abu Garcia» has a complete set of two types of liquid oils. One of them - Rocket Oil - intended for the lubrication of nodes whose work has a dominant Read more [...]
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Practical self-massage treatment

Headache. Causes of headache may be different. Depending on what the headache is caused, are defined and methods of treatment. The main reasons include the common cold, fatigue, weakness, and increased blood pressure. With a cold headache may be accompanied by a runny nose, inflammation of the respiratory tract, fever, easy fatigability. For relieving headaches catarrhal nature applied to the point of impact on the forehead and temples, as well as some others. Method of treatment * In brackets the number of the circuit. Read more [...]
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