One of the most interesting conifers Russia. Height of 25-30 m, trunk diameter of 1.5, sometimes 2.5 m grows slowly, growing to 10-20 cm per year. Live to four thousand years (the duration of the life of tis is the first among our trees and one of the first places among the plants of the world.) Thin crust has a reddish tinge, the old tree peel lengthwise slices. Very old trunks sometimes have deep longitudinal grooves, and in the distance seems to grow together several trunks. Crohn's is very thick, the variability in outline, often with 3-4 nodes.
Tis blooms in spring. Anthers in the Read more [...]
All items are shown on local maps special conventional topographical signs. Surveyors come up with these characters so that they possibly were similar to local objects themselves, and the size to fit them to scale. For example, the forest on the maps depicted in green (in fact he is actually green) houses and other structures depicted rectangles, because when viewed from the top (the plane), then they really are almost always rectangular in shape; River , streams, lakes depicted in blue as the water, reflecting the sky, too, we feel blue. But not always, of course, be just in shape, color and Read more [...]
Common entrance signal (Corego-nus lavaretus) caught Winter angling in lakes and rivers, owned the Arctic Ocean basin - from the lakes of the Kola Peninsula to the rivers and lakes of Siberia and Primorye. The species of the fish caught in the Amur basin. A variety of forms of whitefish and its habitat, however, allows certain common features and rules of fishing. This many-sided fish in the taxonomy which confuse even ichthyologists. In any case, are not counted in the gill rakers record, none of them have taken to say which of whitefish in front of him. The most common objects amateur fishing Read more [...]
I remember my first introduction to fighter pharmacy-aconite (Aconitum napellus).
On that memorable day in June 1947, we, a group of biology students at Moscow State University, went to one of the educational excursions. Then we conducted practice Ivan G. Serebryakov, a wonderful teacher and a man, later professor of known plant morphology.
From the station Romashkovo Ivan G. took us on a wide forest road, which could be seen in some places even puddles after recent thunderstorms. We were met by a joyous, washed by rain, a young mixed forest. Suddenly, he parted - and we saw a large clearing, Read more [...]
And began my acquaintance with Oleg normal and even nice, really. For a couple of years before this whole parsley, about which story I sailed along the eastern shore of the Caspian Sea. Started in Shevchenko, or whatever it is now renamed the Kazakhs. Arrived there, and my shvertbotik by rail is not yet come. The hotel places, natural, and never will be - Kazakh-manageress swore "on the bread," that all occupied. Bread and there was not even there, but due to that fat bitch - it must be a jerk.
Had to sleep on the beach under a bush, just do not eat mosquitoes and sand flies Read more [...]
If you get the opportunity to go into the woods, then I go to the forest. I do not see any reason to explain something to someone and something to teach. It does not see the point in the tutorial on swimming or boxing. I'm doing what I like and I want to tell everyone about it. Tell that it's real, very interesting, very beautiful, and most importantly ... the most important thing is that such attacks can get rid of all unnecessary, allow at least temporarily cease to feel part of a consumer society looking for free cash. They allow you to feel alive, real, honest, predatory. The Read more [...]
This beast amazing destiny: it was nearly destroyed by man. And man also saved him, gave him a new hope millennial life.
At the beginning of this century, the wild aurochs found only in the North-West Caucasus and in the Bialowieza Forest. Last Bialowieza bison fell in 1919 by a bullet poacher. By 1928, bison in the wild left. Throughout the world, there was in zoos and game farms, only 48 of these magnificent animals.
By January 1, 1965 all over the world, there were already 700 bison, including the Soviet Union 231 (Zablocki, 1965). A lot of work for the conservation of these animals Read more [...]
What if during the expedition, traveling or as a result of the accident the vehicle you were in a deserted area? First of all, mark your location - alert signals. Also, you need to provide for possible evacuation and prepare the most necessary.
If you're not looking for relatives and friends, not the police and fire departments, and rescue service workers, they are usually used for the initial search aircraft. So rescuers can see you from the air, it is best to go to an open space - a mountain plateau, forest clearing in the coastal zone of the reservoir, etc. However, we must remember that Read more [...]
These plants thrive in salty conditions - but at certain times of the year, many edible plants are found near the coast.
1 Quinoa (Atriplex) grows by an average of 90 cm, has a bright stems, pale green or arrow-shaped leaves and triangular ears of small greenish-white flowers. It grows in salty soil, some species are far on land. Cook the young leaves.
2 Beets seaside (Beta maritima) - creeper is reddish in color, with long petiolate, leathery dark green leaves and inflorescences of small green flowers. It grows on European coasts. The leaves are edible raw or cooked.
3 Marine mustard (Cakile) Read more [...]
All of us we are in the woods. What is hidden under the name of "forest"? Lots of trees - this is the forest, give some definition, a lot of trees that are suitable for preparation of drill and saw logs logs and other forest called, the third is meant by a forest is not only a lot of trees, but all the trees and grass in the area occupied by trees, including a fourth the term "forest" but all the plants and insects, birds and animals, constantly living in the forest.
Acquainted with the signs of the forest.
Trees in the forest are different in appearance from the tree of the Read more [...]
Described in the previous section, the technical means at their proficiency in the use of methods can help small group of self-evacuate the victim of a dangerous place, or even to perform a complete cycle of rescue. However, in cases where the available fast delivery to the scene of regular life-saving, especially if the condition of the victim and severe diagnosis is unclear, always best to use them. The basic principle - to do no harm and do not exacerbate - should be a primary consideration in the rescue and heavy work. However, each climber must possess the skills to use available tools Read more [...]
In the unexplored wilderness first appeared hunters. They were called pioneers. They built blockhouses - warehouses for hides killed them or traded them natives of fur animals. A ride to the store to exchange gunpowder, guns and other goods from the city. Thus a factory - An advanced outpost on the border has not yet populated spaces.
These factors are well known to read the Book of James Fenimore Cooper's "Deerslayer," "The Last of the Mohicans," "Pathfinder", "prairie", "Hawkeye."
Why do not we create a timber trading post on the harvesting Read more [...]
FOR GOLD PEN
For nearly two weeks, every day I was doing in the forest harvesting. So when a friend invited me to go to the huntsman to the taiga to waiting in ambush, I politely declined. -Something I tired to run on the hill, we have to rest at least a week. -Then let's go, we go for the gold pen - offered huntsman. I did not understand and asked in surprise, like this? Huntsman explained that in the days of the kings on the table served deli roast bird with golden feathers. They even bought specially for the court of the hunters. Valued instance name with the brightest color. -Yes! Read more [...]
Nature has provided us with everything we needed to survive in the wild. Its sources often seem inexhaustible. But if you do not have the skills to survive in the wild, you will not be able to recognize and take advantage of generous gifts of nature. You can become a victim of hunger, thirst, injury, disease, cold, or a number of other threats, while the solution is close at hand.
KNOWLEDGE - THE KEY TO SURVIVAL
In 1535 Jacques Cartier (Jacques Cartier) and his men learned that even the most minimal knowledge can draw the line between life and death in a survival situation. While he and his Read more [...]
A common mistake inexperienced leader is that he believes if bivouac works do not require the organization. When he came to the place of bivouac, he gives a command like: "Well, now, boys, get to work! Bring the wood, make a fire, put the tent. Let's not waste time. " After that, for a while there is a general commotion, and then young tourists covered enthusiasm run away through the woods. And it turns out ... All who had axes, went for firewood. Tents can not be placed because there is nothing to hammer pegs. Someone has already brought an armful of firewood, but can not Read more [...]
The tasks set XXV Congress of the CPSU to the peoples of the USSR, so vast that their greatness felt by all reasonable people of our planet.
"I think - says the actress of the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, member of the Central Committee, Jiřina Shvortsova - that future historians, carefully and impartially looking at the thickness of years, pondering the meaning of the event, will be called the century of this era of the Soviet Union.
It was his birth, and then the rapid development of the victorious determined the nature of time, and lit a beacon to the working people of faith and hope. Read more [...]
Many edible plants are usually not used for food. It is safe to eat the fruit of the oak and ash. Fallen acorns follows the release of a peel soaked in water for several hours, changing the water several times, and then fried.
Have edible leaves and young shoots are:
- Cyprus - Sorrel;
- Deadnettle white.
Sorrel has many harmful: oxalic acid blood calcium translates into an insoluble compound.
Young leaves are edible:
- Common Ground-elder;
- Black currant;
- A mother-and-stepmother;
- Hogweed dissected;
- Small-leaved lime;
- Primula veris;
- Read more [...]
And so it is difficult to wade through thick undergrowth, and now spiders around their invisible thread stretched - and then have to stop and wipe your face to remove the sticky web of tickling. Take a few steps - again, you stuck to cobwebs. I bent down to not touch prickly branch, and landed with his face in the middle of a circular spider network. And then the spider-mount - network spoiled, and I care again - get off the cobwebs. No, now I will be careful: if I see in front of the web, the best hand will tear off. Only need to look carefully.
Here's the front and another spider's Read more [...]
Herbaceous miogoletinkn 20-80 cm high. Distribution: European part, the Caucasus, Western Snbnr.
Contain triterpenoids, flavonoids to 4.1% in the flowers of P. sanguisorba L., (among them iidiny percent), phytosterol esters tsiklitolov, as well as phenolic acids and higher zhnriye established structure. Marked tannins to 14.5% of P. polygamum Waldst. et Kit, fatty oil to 20.3% of the seeds P. sanguisorba, essential oil. Detected alkaloids, cardenolides, leykoaitotsianiiy, sapoiiiy, phospholipids to 0.2% in the seeds P. polygamum, trigliieri-dy, vitamin C.
Medicinal. Therapeutic action Read more [...]