Grain reserve of the Red Army

Grain reserve of the Red Army a form of billets / agricultural products in years. Second World War, is based on the post. SNK and the Central Committee of the CPSU (b) from 10 July 1942 On the creation of the 1942 harvest grain fund of the Red Army in the amount of 145 million pounds. to meet the needs Cr. Arm. bread. Supplies of bread had the power of the tax. In the case of non-delivery of the plan with the / x production in HF impose the same sanctions as for non-compliance with the required supplies. In December. 1942 SNK and the Central Committee of the CPSU (b) to accept the post. On the Read more [...]
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Bread (Akel) river in the district of Kaliningrad region Slavskoe

Bread (Akel) river in Slavskoe district of Kaliningrad region. River Basin Fish, Fishing and Baltic Sea. Source of the river is about Bread kilometer to the north near the village Vishnevka Slavskogo district. The grain falls into the river fish and Flail (tributary fishery-based) in 2.5 kilometers west-north-west of the village of Crystal. Length of the river Bread (Akel) is 15 km. Basin area of ​​31.7 km Bread flows through the polders. This area, the ground level which is below sea level. River drainage system communicates with the polders. Relief Nizhnenemanskoy lowlands, where the river Read more [...]
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Hitniki

Here's what he wrote about hitnichestve and hitnikah mining engineer EV Gomilevsky: «In the impenetrable forest wilds, all abandoned mines, workings and dumps long-standing RA­Botha whole armies of free men in search of emeralds, which are easy to come true the buyers of the Urals trades­tsam gems. For this fishery even developed a CCA­battle name "hit" hitnichesky or fishing. These­homology of the word shows that the fishery is not a kidnapping, theft, and something else, more noble». AE Fersman, talked a lot with the Ural gorschi kami, with a good knowledge Read more [...]
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Khismatullina Magafur Hismatullovich

Khismatullina Magafur Hismatullovich (10 (23) .01.1915, der. Novo Kubovo Ufim. Y. Ufim. Lip.), Singer (tenor), Nar. Art. BASSR (1953) and the Russian Federation (1965). He graduated from the head. studio at the Mosk. Conservatory (1939, cl. E.V.Enohovicha), 1939-82 soloist Bash. State. Theater op. and ballet. His repertoire includes more than 60 op. parties, among them: Eroshka (Borodin's Prince Igor), Harlequin (Pagliacci R.Leonkavallo) Bomeley (The Tsar's Bride by Rimsky-Korsakov), Kobeko (ShauraZ.Ismagilova), the old man Yapparov (Kodasa Z. Ismagilov), Salavat Yulaev (one. Op. Z. Ismagilov). Read more [...]
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Chemmash. Nizhneisetsky pond

Iset River, flowing into the city, forms the lower Park of Culture and Rest named after Mayakovsky large beautiful pond Nizhneisetsky pond an area of ​​about four square kilometers, -Plotina pond built in 1789. Pond has an elongated shape, in the middle of it a few small islands. The length of the pond 5 km, width up to 1.2, the average depth of 2 to 2.5 meters. The right bank is steep, high (Uktusskie mountain), left low-lying. In the forest are a holiday home and sanatorium "Pinery". Beyond the pond, where once stood a pine forest grew large area of ​​the city Sotsgorod Uralhimmashzavoda Read more [...]
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Khimichev George Lukic

Khimichev George Lukic (04.11. 1908, p. Ulanovo in Sumy. Kharkov Province. 09.05.1994, ECAT.), A mechanical engineer, Corr. Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1968), Dr. Sci. Sciences (1961), Honored. Inventor of the RSFSR (1965). Outcast. WWII. Rod. to cross. family. He graduated from Ur. Industrial Institute (1936). He started as a draftsman to chief designer and head NIITYaZhMASha. Dep. kompeksnyh heavy machinery problems. UC Academy of Sciences of the USSR, on the basis of open-cerned Institute of Engineering Science. Author of 56 inventions and 76 patents in the United States, Britain, France, Read more [...]
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Plant chemical plant 65 years

    Factory, established two years before the beginning of World War II, provided the front so many shells and bombs, as giving the entire industry of the Russian Empire in 1913. Order of the Red Banner now obtained in 1945. After the war, Plant continue to ensure that the products are not only the army of his country, but also its allies in the socialist camp.    Conversion put many plants to the brink of bankruptcy, but "Plante" managed not only to maintain production, but also to set up production of consumer goods.    "I bow down Read more [...]
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Kharitonov Moses Markovich

Kharitonov Moses Markovich (1887-1948), Sov. desks. and state. figure. Pers. RSDLP (b) from November. 1905 has been active in the roar. work in Nikolaev, Odessa. In 1912 he emigrated to Switzerland, where he met with Lenin. After the February. roar. returned to Russia, elected member of. Petrograd-ta RSDLP (b). At the VI Party Congress acts on the q. about the new rules of the Party. After October. roar. was at the party., households. and military work in Petrograd, Kiev. In 1921, on the desks. work on W., secretary. Perm. committee of the RCP (b). Since Dec. 1923 to July 1925 secretary. Lv. Regional Read more [...]
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HARINSKY BURIAL

HARINSKY BURIAL archaeological. memory. Perm. region., Gaynsky rn, d. Kharino Ave. bank of the river. Kama. The burial ground had barrows and beskurgannuyu h. HM Math. the end of last century., things got out of it in the Math. cit. Teploukhova. In 1900-1902 Kurgan h. Unearthed V.L.Borisov to-ing opened 53 mound with 63 burials. Kurgannaya h. HM dates back to the V-VI centuries. beskurgannaya VI-XIII cc. V.L.Borisov reports that on the surface of HM were well marked low and wide. kurganoobraznye mound, nearly touching in DOS. The number of graves under mounds ranged from one to eight. Math. mounds Read more [...]
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Characteristics of the White Sea

Origin. Over the past 200 thousand years planetka survived two glacial era when ice armor covers most areas of the globe. The so-called Dnieper ice began 220 thousand. Years ago and ended about 170 thousand. Years ago. Then came a short period Mikulinsky interglacial (170 80 th. Years ago), and after the last ice tie up land, Valdai icing, which ended only recently about 10 1000 ades back. About 13 thousand.'s Back pool filled with snow-white sea ice meltwater, resulting in a fresh water glacial lake appeared. His level of 50 to 60 m was superior to the current level of the sea. When reducing the Read more [...]
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Characteristics of the Barents Sea

The Barents Sea.   Geografichiskoe position. Bottom topography. The Barents Sea is bounded to the north of Spitsbergen and Franz Josef Land in the west - Bearish Peninsula, to the east, the New Earth, in the south-continent (from the North Cape to the Ugra ball). On its own configuration, it resembles a rhombus, meridian axis of which is 1300-1400 km, 1100-1200 km and latitude. The area of ​​the Barents Sea in 1360 is estimated thousand. Km2. The sea is within the boundaries of the continental shelf and is therefore comparable to shallow. Great depth of the sea 548 m. This depth is in Read more [...]
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The nature and forms of social protest and the mechanics of working people

Living and working conditions in the factories of the Urals on the identified key­reign struggle artisans and workmen in the XVIII century. They Venue­fell against the enslavement and feudal tyranny, and for beam­Chiyah working conditions in factories. This was a characteristic feature of the early stage of formation of the social activity of workers manufak­tural enterprises. At the end of 1708 beginning of 1709 there was the excitement of artisan and pa­ployed people on a government Alapayevsk factory. He was joined by and ascribed peasants. It was caused by an irregular and Read more [...]
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Khanty-Mansiysk gold

Search for alluvial gold in the Polar Urals are underway with the nineteenth century. The most intensive and purposeful - from the 60s of the twentieth century. Established industrial zolotonosnost Brookvalley Yarotashor and p. Hobeyu. In the late 70th placer Yarotashor explored thematic exploration party software "Uralzoloto." A number of industrial placers (Nyartayu, tributaries. Halmer) were identified greenfield exploration North party "Uralzolotorazvedki." Placer Gold is currently the second largest sea minerals. As of 1.01.04 on the territory of the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug - Ugra Read more [...]
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Khanty FOLKLORE

Khanty FOLKLORE the collection and study of HF was launched by the Finnish and Hungarian scientists in the XIX century. Since 1940 the collection and study of HF became engaged Representat. Khanty nat. intellectuals N.I.Tereshkin later E.Aypin, V.Solovar and others. There are a number of DOS. genre forms: ancient sacred legends (yis mons) about the origin of the earth, flood, acts of spirits, travel cult. Hero (They hits) in different worlds, the descent from the sky bear, turning heroes in spirits etc .; heroic military songs and tales (tarnyng aryh, tarnyng mons) about heroes and their battles; Read more [...]
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KhANTY

KhANTY (Samonazv. Khanti Kant people .; outdated Russian. Titles. Ostyaks) ur people Ugric group. lang. family. Live in the Khanty-Mansi and Yamal-Nenets Autonomous. env. Tyumen region., As well as in the Tomsk region. Num. 22.5 thousand. Pers. (1989). Divided into three ethnic groups: north., South. and east. North. H. live on the Lower Ob and its tributaries Polui Sob Voikar, Synya, Kunovat, Kazim; eastern. on Wed Obi tributaries Pim Agan (with Tromeganom), Bax, Vasyugan Yugan, Salim; southern. the Lower Irtysh River and its tributaries Konda, Dem'yanka and Obi in the region of the mouth of Read more [...]
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Hantemanskiysky region

KMAO formed on young Epipaleozoic West Siberian plate. Foundation slab is a huge depression with steep eastern and north-eastern and a gentle southern and western sides. It is composed of igneous rocks (granite, diabase, etc..), Volcanic tuff and in varying degrees of metamorphic rocks (gneisses, schists different), formed in the Paleozoic and pre-Paleozoic time. Basement rocks are deformed into complex folds and faults crossed the north-east and north-west. For these faults some parts of blocks of the foundation raised, the other went down. As a result of tectonic movements of the foundation blocks Read more [...]
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Khanzhin Mikhail

Khanzhin Mikhail (17 (29) .10.1871, Samarkand 20.12. 1961, the Zhambyl, Kazakhstan), in Russian. commander, gene-l Artillery (Apr. 1919). From the family of a Cossack officer. He graduated from the Cadet Corps in Neplyuevsky Orenbah., Mikhailovsky Artillery uch-School, the Mikhailovsky Artillery Acad. Outcast. the Russo-Japanese War and the first world. War. The last commander artbrigady, Inspector of Artillery Corps, Head div., Inspector of artillery arm., Fr., 1917 Field Inspector at the Headquarters of the Supreme glavnokom. Gene-l-Lieutenant. His command and personal information highly appreciated Read more [...]
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HAMMER Armand

HAMMER Armand (1898, New York 1990), the American entrepreneur. Rod. the family doctor. In 1921 he graduated from Columbia College of Physicians and Surgeons and arrived in Russia to participate in the fight against the epidemic typhus. Then for the first time visited the William H. to get acquainted and to assist in the restoration of prom. region. In ECAT. concluded an agreement with the local Council for the supply of grain to the $ 1 million and the sale of ur. jewelry in America. Visited the asbestos mines around Alapayevsk. In August. 1921 met with before. SNK of the RSFSR Vladimir Lenin Read more [...]
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Khabibullina Gabdrakhman Suleimanovich

Khabibullina Gabdrakhman Suleimanovich (12.25.1902 (07.01. 1903) 19.09.1969 Tomsk, Ufa), Op. singer (bass), Nar. Art. BASSR (1947), Nar. Art. RSFSR (1955). Rod. family servant. He graduated from the head. nat. studio at the Mosk. Conservatory (1938, cl. E.A.Milkovich). 1938-64 soloist Bash. State. Theater op. and ballet. Best roles Konchak (Prince Igor Borodin), Chub (Cherevichki Tchaikovsky), Sergeant (Karlugas N.Chemberdzhi) Serlebay (Ayhylu N.Peyko) Yulai Aznalin (Salavat Yulaev Z. Ismagilov). Lit .: Akhmadieva R. Gabdrakhman Habibullin. Ufa, 1973; Khayrullin R. Masters opera Bashkiria. Ufa, Read more [...]
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Futoryansky Leonid I.

Futoryansky Leonid I. (05.06.1928, Kiev), historian Professor, Director, and that the history of the South-US and Russian Cossacks Orenbah. State. Univ. Hon. of Science (1993). In late 1941 evacuated from Kiev to Orenbah. In 1952 graduated with honors from Orenbah. Pedagogical Institute, where he worked from 1964 to 1999 was dean ist. Faculty, Vice-rector for scientific. work, since 1973 head. Department of History of Russia. In 1964 he defended his PhD. diss. on CET. War in the South. W., 1973 Doctor. diss. on the history of the Cossacks of Russia in the period of the bourgeois-dem. roar. Publ. Read more [...]
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