Turkic peoples (Turks) URAL
resettled on both sides of the Middle and Southern U. from the Volga to the Ob are the north-western part of the vast Turkic ethnic and cultural space defined by the Mediterranean (Turks) and Eastern Siberia (Yakutia). Along with the Mongolian and Tungus-Manchurian peoples T. belong to the Altaic language family. In the languages of the Kipchak branch of Turkic groups say the Volga-Ural and Siberian Tatars, Bashkirs, Nogai, Kazakhs; Chuvash language forms a branch of the Bulgar Turkic group. The ancestral home of the ancient T. many researchers believe the foothills Read more [...]
city, region. c. Tyumen region. Located on the river. Toure (tributary. Tobol) in 2144 km to the east of Moscow. Regular. in 1586 on the site of the Tatar city Chingi Tour taken Ermak in 1581. T. From 1709 part of the Siberian province., 1782 Tobolsk governorship, from 1796 Tobolsk Province. In the XVI-XVII centuries. Regular. us. of service people, which corresponded to its border position. T. played the role of an outpost of the development of Siberia and the Far B.
A century after the foundation of its population of approx. 2 thousand. Pers. In October. Wood was burnt in 1695 and in Read more [...]
North of the Tyumen region is currently the main fuel and energy base of our country. Here, in the 60-70 years of XX century. discovered and explored the largest deposits of oil and natural gas. Already in 1985, oil production amounted to 375-380 million. Tons, and natural gas 330-370 billion m3. In the vastness of the Tyumen North oil and gas fields are, developing a powerful gas and chemical industries, built railways and highways, built new and "revive" the ancient city. Population Surgut and Nizhnevartovsk newly created reached 200 thousand. Pers. each. Growing rapidly Nefteyugansk Megion Read more [...]
On the banks of the lake-marsh system mossy wall worth taiga. Deaf and rugged. Well, of the darkest swamp water here and there stick dry trees. Fallen trees and littered with many places with open water. True Berendeevo kingdom! Home of Baba Yaga. In a human spirit here just does not smell.
What or over in the extended chain of lakes and wetlands is not observed. But it is, although not much, but is. After all, limited to 3 sides of the mountain wall water as you fill the basin, is obliged to flow westward to the only place where there is vyhod.Eto Tyulyuk source of the river, which many Read more [...]
Tyulkina Alexander Beletsky
(30.08 (11.09) .1888, Ufa 18.03. 1980, Ufa), painter, teacher, Nar. thin. BASSR (1955), Honored. Worker. Arts of the RSFSR (1960). Graduated from the Kazan thin. School (1913), 1926-50 taught at the Ufa thin. uch-School. Math. as the author of landscapes, still lifes, executed in tempera: Maki (1920), Flowering Window (1924), the homeland of Nesterov (1948), Lv. placer (1953). 1937-44 before. Bash. Dep. USSR Union. Laureate rep. etc.. them. Salavat Yulaev (1975). Awarded hordes. Honor. Works are in HMRB, RM, Gos. muses. Arts of the East.
Lit .: Yanbukhtin A. Alexander Read more [...]
pos. Bronze Age, archaeological. memory. Resp. Bash., Meleuzsky district, Tyubyak countryside near the village. Tyulyakov. Located on a promontory Ave. Shore p. White. Memory. open V.D.Viktorovoy, Inst. K.V.Salnikovym, M.F.Obydennovym and V.S.Gorbunovym. Consists of two (early and late) pos. Occupying two adjacent Cape separated parched riverbed ancient riverbed, p. White.
Early settlement. situated on a low promontory native floodplain terraces. On its surface are reviewed several. strongly swim pits dwellings. Excavations have studied the remains of 6 buildings. The biggest is a multi-chamber Read more [...]
Paiva, whorl, primus, beetroot, Botha, spinning wheel, these items have long been part of history. And to date the guys knew what they looked like, what was intended and what role was played in the lives of our ancestors, in Dzerzhinsk Palace of Children and Youth Creativity created a museum "Relics of the Ural life."
Today there are more than a thousand exhibits, and can not believe that a unique exhibition began collecting just six years ago. Initiator of the museum became our famous needlewoman Vera Chic, whose homemade stuffed toys in the Soviet years were known throughout the country. It Read more [...]
Tyn Selishchev, KOSTISCHE, Tyn TYPE OF MONUMENTS
archaeological. memory. Sverdl. region., Garinsky district, pos. Fog, lion. bank of the river. Tyni near the confluence of the lake. B. Vagilsky Fog. Memory. located 700 m west of the w / d bridge. Occupies a sand dune height of 2 m. Investigation. V.D.Viktorovoy in 1963.
Dune populated repeatedly. Small collection of finds Bronze Age and early railroad. in. Short time show. stay on ancient dune us. ceramic lozvinskogo, vagilskogo and kulminskogo types. Longer was our livelihoods. with the type of culture sindeyskim end early yellow. in.
The upper Read more [...]
Reddish spectrum swamps framed by evergreen taiga and togooni look even more beautiful from the top of the Great Iremel. In turn, one of the best Greatest IremelHotel considered specifically with Tygynskih marshes.
Title got my swamp from the river Tygyn that starting on skloneIremelya flows through them. Sovsemryadom with Tygynskimi marshes at the headwaters of the river are similar Tyulyuk Tyulyukskieozera.
How to reach Tygynskih swamps? Road to Tygynskuyu vsegdarassmatrivaetsya basin in the context of the road on IremelHotel. Possible from the village Tyulyuk, perevalivplato Read more [...]
(03 (15) .02.1893, s.Aleksandrovskoe, Dorogobuzh y., Smolensk Province. 06.12.1937), one of the org-tori page. Cr. Arm, military theorist, Marshal of the Soviet Union (1935). Of the nobility. In 1914 he graduated from the military Aleksandrovskoe School (Moscow), Lieutenant. Outcast. first world. War. In 1918, recruited for military work in fin. Central Executive Committee. From the beginning. CET. War on the Eastern. fr. Since June 1918 com. 1st Arm., From April. 1919 5 th arm. Participated in Buguruslan, Zlatoust, hands. Chelyaba. operations, the defeat of the Whites in Read more [...]
TURCHEVICH Alexander Bonaventurovich
(1855, Kiev 1909, Perm), architect. He studied at the Mosk. Stroganov uch-School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture, but the course is not completed. In 1885 he passed the exam for the right Mfr. pg. works. In 1886, the first opened in Perm W. private project estimate bureau. On draft T. W. built St. 150 buildings. Max. Math. of which: residential buildings N.V.Meshkova, S.M.Gribushina, E.I.Lyubimovoy, O.P.Turchevich buildings Exchequer and diocesan uch-conductive, the Church of St.. Magdalene, an apartment house on the Siberian street. Perm, a church Read more [...]
ur. mine owners. The founder of the dynasty pasad Salts Kama Mikhail Filipovich (um.1734), to-ing in the beginning. career was as a clerk, and then set up his own business and worked dec. Commercial and industrial. operations: distilleries, Trick consecutive deliveries ores. In 1731 he DOS. Trinity Copper zd and became mine owners. After his death, became the namesake of the heir Alexei Fedorovich T. (d. 1787), married to his daughter. AF became the brightest Representat. T. dynasty, had business acumen, keen sense, strong-willed, tough and energetic character. In 1743 he DOS. at Read more [...]
The first bearer of this name was listed Philip Trofimov, captive "Turchanin." He came to the Urals, as many prisoners while men, being a rich man bought from the sovereign jail currently in the service. Bought "Turchanin" clerk of the council at the Provincial Solikamsky yard Averky Stepanovich Kirillov. Kirillov, as well as many non-poor residents Salts Kama, had its salt fish. Seen, "Turchanin" was enough smetliv quickly learned the language and literacy, in any case, in the census books in 1678 he was already a steward varnichny Kirillov. Apparently established himself betrayed, skillful workers, Read more [...]
(27.01. 1924 der. M.Turovo More Sosnowski-District Level. Region.), Physicist, Corr. Russian Academy of Sciences (1991), Dr. of Physics and Math. Sciences (1964), prof. (1966), Honored. Worker. of Science (1992). Outcast. WWII. Rod. family servant. He graduated from the Ural State University (1949). In 1949-51 and from 1954 worked at the Institute of Metal Physics (1963-88 Head. Dep., 1977-82 Deputy. Cond., 1988, Ch. Scientific., Et al.). Regular. Work Dedicated. physics of magnetic phenomena and solid state physics. They carried out a series of seminal works by Inst. magnetically ordered Read more [...]
Turkina Mikhail Pavlovich
(06 (18) .11. 1887 Motovilikhinsky zd Perm. Lip. 10.11.1947, Perm), part. Owls. activist and journalist. Of the slave. He graduated from the s-uch-School dskoy. Pers. (1903). Since 1902 participated in the roar. work on the D & in Petrograd. Repeatedly arrested, exiled in Siberia. Since 1910 was in exile. After the February. roar. arrived in Petrograd. The delegate of the 2nd All-Russia. Congress of Soviets, a participant in October. roar. After October. armament. recovery. back to Perm. One of his hands. Motovilikhinsky Council secretary. its executive committee, and Read more [...]
Turkina Alexander Gavrilovic
(10.02 (22.02) .1870,4 Upper Ufaley zd Perm. Lip. December. 1919 near Novonikolaevsk), writer.
Rod. in the family of the employee. At age 12, he started his career in the office of a messenger. Graduated Chelyaba. Mountains. School (1879), worked as a scribe in the County council, with Feb. 1890 accountant in the office of the Lower Ufaley h-huh. The first Manuf. She died early in the poem you published. in ECAT. week (1889). Collaborated with the gas. Ural. Success was the publication of the story of the last page of Ed. VGKorolenko in the journal. Russian wealth Read more [...]
military unit of the Red Army. Formed directive Commander on Aug 11. 1919 Regular. from the right-flank of army units of the Eastern Front 1-st and the 4 th and the newly formed 14 August. 11th Army (it included part of operating in the vicinity of Astrakhan). August 25. Front Command also were subject to all the Red army, cut off from the main forces in Turkestan. Front Commander was appointed (August 15). Frunze. Headquarters until January. 1920 was in Samara, then in Tashkent. Frunze as commander was to Sep 10. 1920, ie in the period of the most significant fighting. In the Read more [...]
operative association troops Cr. Arm, created July 10, 1918 from Orenbah. workers, peasants and the working Cossacks. Of 9 regiments and divisions 3 recreated again in March 1919 for org-tion Defense Orenbah. and to prevent the formation of white French general. W. Turkestan. (Com. G.V.Zinovev). Served as the base h., Available from January. 1919 Orenbah., And local formation, kernel k-ryh were 31th (Orenbah.) DM (A.D.Malyavinsky) and third (Orenbah.) Cossack div. (SA Sveshnikov). TA was part of the South. Eastern group. fr., led the defensive battles in the district of Orenbah., Read more [...]
Mountain hiking Chusovoi the most interesting and at the same time the most difficult.
"For rapidly carries our boat, talks about his experiences tourist Comrade. Tauber, who visited the Chusovoi the summer of 1935. -Mimo Sweeping scenic coast, the overwhelming its savagery, the eye-pleasing quaintness and beauty of shapes.
Unforgettable picture of a sunset: on red sky like spears fabulous giants looming peaks of the Ural pines and firs.
When the boat floats in a narrow place, where the river bed is compressed sheer cliffs, fall silent, all conversations and songs clearly hear the water dripping Read more [...]
Yellowed pages inscribed bead clear handwriting. Leafing through them, mentally get around the neighborhood of the city. The author also proceeded on foot, these trails, climbing to the tops of mountains and gorushek, scooping handfuls of water in the rivers, whose names we do not even remember. Keep them for posterity "Physical and Geographical Dictionary of the Nizhny Tagil district" composed by Sergei Nikolaevich Pankratov during his travels.
The uniqueness of this dictionary is not only that it exists in a single copy, which is in the museum reserve cherish as the apple of an eye, but above Read more [...]