Encyclopedia | The survival encyclopedia - Part 61


Sagra. The Black River

Station Sagra Gornozavodsk on the railway line is well known to many fans "humble hunting", On the slopes surrounding the station many hills a lot of berries, especially blueberries and wood jungle between the station and the highway Nizhnetagilskim famous mushroom places. For tourists station Sagra at all times of the year is the starting point of many routes. At 20 meters from the railway line runs east to Lake Issetsky small winding river Black. Brought together on the banks of the light canoe, water travel lovers embark on a journey. Low river banks are overgrown with bushes, surrounded Read more [...]
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Sauromates Sarmatian animal style

Sauromates Sarmatian animal style Volga-ur. version of the Scythian-Siberian animal style rasprostanenie Eurasian steppes in the wounds. yellow. in. S.S.Z.S. represented by a set of well-defined images of animals (birds of prey, herbivorous, carnivorous and fantastic animals), depicted in poses canonized?, and compositions: Alone herbivore, deer horns, throw behind his back and bent legs, curled up in the ring predator scene predation predator or herbivore others. predator. With dec. thin. receptions (Exaggerating sizes, ornament, color inserts of stones) highlighted certain hours. bodies: the Read more [...]
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Sauromates Sarmatian COMMUNITY

Sauromates Sarmatian COMMUNITY ethno-cultural community of the peoples of Eurasia, relating to Early Iron Age. Sarmatians common name. Iranian-speaking nomadic tribes that lived in the second half. I millennium BC. beg. BC steppes of Eurasia from p. Tobol in the east to the Carpathian Mountains in the west These tribes were marked by Greek writers as neighbors of the Scythians, with whom rymi had more. general lifestyle. At first they were Izv. under them. Savromats, the first information about the to-ryh contained in the History of Herodotus. In recent centuries. BC first centuries. BC become Read more [...]
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SAVIGNY Viktor

SAVIGNY Viktor (07.03.1940, village. BERIOZKINA Orichevskogo district of the Kirov region.), Soviet cosmonaut, engineer, twice Hero of the Soviet. Union, Dr. Sci. Sciences, prof., rector of Moscow. Inst of Geodesy and Cartography (MIIGAiK). He graduated from the Perm. College w / d of Transport (1960), built a railway in the forest, was a combine on virgin soil, he served in the Soviet. Arm. After graduating in 1969 MIIGAiK developed optical devices to the Unions and Fireworks KB Korolev, participated in tests of unique equipment. In 1978 enlisted in the neg. astronauts. Thrice flew into space: Read more [...]
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SAVIN, arheoastronomichesky monument

SAVIN, arheoastronomichesky monument sanctuary Eneolithic (Ser. second floor. III millennium BC.). Coorg. region., Belozersky district, 3.5 km to the southwest from the village. Zyuzino. Open and Inst. M.P.Vohmentsevym Potemkin TM Located in the floodplain. Tobol (pr. Shore), on the shore of outcrops. On Naib. sublime north-west. h. mane found construction of two adjacent rings ext. 14-16 m in diameter, resembling vosmerkoobraznuyu figure formed by wide moats. 0.9-1.8 m, depth 0.6-0.8 m. Inside the first round, which is located northeast., Are two koridoroobraznyh passage strictly from the west. Read more [...]
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Savvaty (to tonsure Levshin Stepan)

Savvaty (to tonsure Levshin Stepan) Dmitriev aka aka Fists (approx. 09.08.1898 1825), Old Believers, Archbishop of Moscow. and All Russia (Belokrinitskaya hierarchy). Tula merchant 2nd guild. Rod. family cross. Chernoistochinsk s da y Verkhotursk. In 1859 he was tonsured a monk at the monastery on the Old Believers' Y. In 1860-62 secretly made missionary trips to Trans-Urals and Western. Siberia. In 1867, arrested in Tomsk province. Ts and transported to Russia. In November. 1881 was elevated to the rank of archbishop of Moscow. and All Russia. Benefited from a weak character S. pers. the so-called Read more [...]
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Savva Yakovlev (Sobakin)

He was perhaps the first among the Ural breeders, who made himself the largest state of the case solely­vym flair. And started from absolute zero. This born in 1712 Ostashkovsky tradesman D­sewed in his youth, as d&# 8217; Artagnan, go conquer one­face. Only d&# 8217; Artagnan was compared to him a rich man. He had a parental blessing, 4 crowns, the horse, the sword and the nobility. At Sava Jakovljevic Sobakina was only parental blessing and poltina. Everything. He started as another brilliant Udacnik, Mensch-ers, a peddler of pies in boxes on the streets Peterburi­ha. Read more [...]
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Sabitov Nariman Gilyazevich

Sabitov Nariman Gilyazevich (01/11/1925, 06/09/1971 Kazan, Sevastopol, buried in Ufa), composer, conductor, Honored. Worker. Arts of BASSR (1961). Rod. ? To the family of the employee. Graduated from Moscow. Conservatory (1953, cl. A.N.Aleksandrova composition, cl. symphonic conducting I.D.Druzhinina). 1953-71 conductor Bash. Theater op. and ballet. S. founder of the instrumental concerto, song cycle, op. and ballets for children in the head. prof. music. Music Director for more than 20 op. domestic and foreign composers. Laureate rep. etc.. them. G.Salyama (1967), S.Yulaeva (1972, posthumously). Op Read more [...]
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SABANTUY

SABANTUY annual celebration of the Turkic peoples, dedicated to beg. agricultural work, in the XIX century. he took to planting. According to Rudenko, his celebrated immediately after the spring rite of Kargath or between arable land and cutting treatments. On the feast day at sunrise children, armed with a long pole designed for hanging gifts, going from one house to the other. Often certainly run, collected hebe towels, handkerchiefs, pieces of cloth, etc.. Important place at the feast held horse races (beyge) usually around a small hill. Horseback Riding, imitating the course of the sun across Read more [...]
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Sabakin Leo F.

Sabakin Leo F. (1746 g.Staritsa Tver Province. 1813 Izhevsk), mechanic and inventor. From a young age was fond of mechanics, at age 30 became Ch. lips. engineer, invented the astronomical clock, by decree of Catherine II was sent to England, where he earned the recognition of the Math. Dzh.Uayta inventor and others. British scientists. Back in Tver, S. invented a machine to measure the ship's speed and tool for taking pictures of different locations, distances and heights. In 1789, the original was published in Moscow by S. Small building, or conversations relating to astronomy, physics and mechanics. Read more [...]
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With the Czechs fraternized a long time ago

     Exactly 85 years ago, during the initial period of the Civil War, our city was an important strategic base, covering the path to Perm. The main striking force in "orders" Bolsheviks was, as is well known, White Czech housing formed of former prisoners of war (the Czechs in World War I fought for Germany). But Czech "housing" fought on the side of the Reds. And those were many, including in our hometown. How did they get here? What did you do? Why in 1918 found themselves on opposite sides of the fence? About this question.     The fact Read more [...]
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Where the city began

     The first settlement was founded in October 1722 during the construction of N. Demidov Vyisky copper smelter. In 1807, the Nizhny Tagil factory was a part Tagil Mining District, here is the main office of the District. Nizhny Tagil was a member of the Perm province. Population in 1909 year was 34,700 people. At the end of the XIX century the city had about 40 industrial enterprises, which included Vyisky and Nizhny Tagil iron works, and about 300 commercial establishments, a variety of small-scale private industrial establishments. At the end of the XIX century in Nizhny Read more [...]
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With green copper pipes

     He is firmly on their feet step, a massive cylindrical shaped body seemed to be in contrast with graceful ringed handles and intricate crane with a curl at the end. One of the hallmarks certifies that Tagil samovar the end of the last century "first grade" (And executed "coachbuilt").     93 antique samovar are now part of the collection of the Russian Museum of Decorative, Applied and Folk Art in Moscow. Researcher museum SV Volkov has been recently a catalog, presenting a detailed description of each exhibit, following "geography" Read more [...]
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Compliance with special regulations

     In scientific literature the beginning of the pedagogical activity of Vladimir Efimovich considered 1907 year at the St. Petersburg Polytechnic Institute. In fact, she had started earlier, in the late nineteenth century in Nizhny Tagil mountain College. Name Grum-Grzhimailo among other teachers listed in the "Address-calendar and a book of remembrance of the Perm province in 1897 year". In our family from my grandmother Anna Andreyevna Shestakova known Tagil photographer preserved photograph of the mining schools teachers 1896. They withdraw immediately after Read more [...]
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With a backpack and herbarium folder

     Over 170 years of history of the museum–Reserve it labored a lot of great people, talented scientists. Among them we can name and NM Gruner (1910–1972). Eminent botanist–researcher, she has made an enormous contribution to the study of flora Tagil region. Natalia Maksovna was among those who can be called "tagilchanami captive"She was in our city under tragic circumstances. But along with the PE Rickert, ON Bader, AI Rossadovich and others worked tirelessly for the benefit Tagil, leaving an imprint of its history.     Likely future Read more [...]
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With an eye to tomorrow

 To study, work and live in a Communist way     60 years of the special period in the history of the Ural wagon. At this time the plant involved in the struggle for a Communist attitude toward labor.     In November 1959 the whole country had spread the news of the beginning of the Komsomol depot " Moscow-Sorting, which appealed to study, live and work in a Communist way. It was on the eve of the XXI Congress of the CPSU, the plant discussed published abstracts for the Congress. At the meeting in the forging shop foreman punchers Alexander Mikulin said:     Read more [...]
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From heaven descended on the earth Science, and Art Work

     Yesterday sculpture, more half a century after standing on the roof of the city drama theatre, first came down to earth to nine months (such period prescribed in the contract) to be reborn to a new life.     Unique operation of the dismantling of the figures turned into the real spectacle attracted to the Theatre square, the attention of dozens of people. Craning their necks, forgetting for a moment the other cases, despite the scorching sun, the citizens were curiously watching what is going on more 20 meters.    The first in a breathtaking Read more [...]
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With music in the heart of

    Nizhny Tagil College of Arts (NTUI) celebrated in 2003 its birthday. Of course, 45 years old pillbox not Jubilee but significant, and for the birthday, and for the city, because NTUI is not only a professional educational institution that prepares teachers music schools, but also musical and educational center of our the city, the center of the main creative forces and the source of all creative teams of the Lower Tagil.     It all started almost Half a century ago, back in the 58th, when out of Sverdlovsk Oblast Executive Committee in Nizhny Tagil received a decree Read more [...]
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With Liapina on Usu on Khulga, Hyman, Big Jaime, Jaime and Lemve

1 According to the Northern Railway Station Labytnangi (from Moscow 2.5 days).2 On the shuttle boat from the Ob Labytnangi to Salekhard, 30 km (2.5 hours).3 On the boat to the town of Salekhard Birch up the Ob, 428 km (1.5 days) (by plane 2 hours).4 On the boat to the village of Berezova Saranpaul up North Sosva (304 km) and Lyapin (153 km). Total 457 km (2 days) (on the plane 2 hours).5 Kayaking up Lyapin, Khulga (229 km) and Hyman (22 km) to the beginning of the portage. Of 251 km (13 days). 6 Walking through the pass to the end Khaimah portage river Large Khaimah, 39 km (7 days).7 Kayaking down Read more [...]
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With Liapina the Pechora by Magnier, Great Molasses and Shchugorev

Starting 1 as in Option I.2 Kayaking up Lyapin (14 km) and Magnier (116 km) to the beginning of the portage to the Great molasses. Only 130 km (7 days).3 Walking through the pass before the end of portage on the Great Molasses, 32 km (6 days).4 Kayaking down the Great Molasses to Shchugor, 106 km (5 days).5 Hike up Shchugorev to the middle gate, 18 km (1 day).6 Kayaking from the mouth of the Grand Molasses Shchugorev down to the village of Ust-Shchugor Pechora, 56 km (2 days).7 On the boat from Ust-Shchugor and the town of Pechora, 140 km (18 hours). Total length of water-walking route 342 km (21 Read more [...]
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