Reflections on the golden beasts

Few years, these animals do not give me rest. Like put forth a riddle, which I tried, but could not solve. What the ancients knew the Master who created the golden beasts? What is his special knowledge, his special understanding of the world they put in their products? What were you thinking about what they care? The story of us for a long time served so that it seemed that the people who gave thousands of occupied purely worldly interests of housing, food, and so on. P. I remember the words of Academician Okladnikov, who studied the art of the Paleolithic, including rock art: «Just think, Read more [...]
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Clearance bed Dnieper

In the Smolensk region 4th year is demining operations Dnieper river bed of explosive ordnance and ammunition left over from the time of stately Russian war. In a unique and unsafe operations research, search and destroy projectiles times stately Russian war, to find on the days of the Dnieper River in bad visibility criteria involved 24 employees 294 th Center for conducting rescue operations special risk "Leader" Emergency Situations Ministry. Works are under motivated applets aimed at upgrading of the promenade and the revival of navigation in the Smolensk region. In 2010, the rescuers did more Read more [...]
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Decomposition of the formation of the bourgeois classes and the class structure of the Urals

During the period from V to X revision (from 1795 to 1857) the population of Perm, Orenburg and Vyatka provinces increased 2.5 times - from 1,296 thousand. Until 3211 thousand. Males. This is much higher than the rate of natural increase. Population continues replenished by migration. According to the feudal estate scheme accounting population Materials audit was divided into three large groups: peasants, urban estates (merchants and burghers) and exempt class. But this feudal scheme behind the real socio-economic processes. So, Gornozavodskoye population was taken into account as part of the peasantry. Read more [...]
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Decomposition of the primitive communal system. Era of the late iron

I millennium BC. e.vremya large economic, social n political changes in the history of the peoples of Eurasia, and the Urals in particular­of. Changes in the level of development of productive forces primarily on­meaning the mass development of the production of iron and widespread replacement of bronze tools and weapons of iron. Consequences were Tuesday­Roe major social division of labor, new forms of economy (in particular, the slash-and-burn agriculture), increasing the manufacturer­of labor. Surplus product appeared not only in the steppe Rayo­nah nomadic pastoralism, but Read more [...]
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The development of feudal relations among the peoples of the Urals. Urals in the composition of the Russian state

Local tribes, as n number of other peoples in our country and abroad, have passed from primitive society to feudalism, bypassing the slaveholding formation. Patriarchal slavery has not received wide acceptance. The achieved level of agricultural machinery in the agricultural population has created conditions for the development of individual subsistence farming, in which the use of slave labor, especially in the forest at the edge of a rare population was economically disadvantageous. Clan-tribal aristocracy passed to operation impoverished relatives resorting to economic enslavement as (various Read more [...]
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Development of agriculture. The role of the peasant masses in the development of the edge

In the XVII century. agriculture continued to grow through the development but­O, ^ the more fertile lands, and some improvement in the system of farming. Sown areas grow everywhere. Since the end of the first quarter of the XVI to the XVII century. in Cherdynsky county arable land increased by 72% in 64 Solikamsky in Stroganov estates pa 126%. To the top­of Tours county by the end of the XVII century. cultivated area was about 80 thousand. dec. [53, p. 55]. In Kungur county for half a century arable land increased more than 5 times. Along with the new Russian land to absorb and non-Russian Read more [...]
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Development of the productive economy. Adoption of primitive neighborhood community

At the beginning of the I millennium BC. e. the population of the Urals there are serious changes in economic development, which is primarily manifested in the growth of the role of iron tools, the allocation of iron metallurgy as an independent branch of handicraft production. While developed further specialized villages - metallurgical centers, which were concentrated mass production of iron and bronze ware. This settlement was investigated by metallurgists Oputyatskom settlement in the upper Kama [15, p. 92-135]. The entire north side of the site of the monument was busy forges - workshops for Read more [...]
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Development of suburban area in 1988

Implementation of the plan of production of the enterprises of the district: Name of the company Percentage of implementation of the annual plan for the volume production of products with regard to obligations to supply 1988 year as a percentage of 1987 in terms of production labor productivity PLO "Tagilles" 100.0 100.5 106.7 Anatolevsky Agok 100.0 106.4 107.7 Nizhny Tagil forestry 100.0 105.6 105.6 Visimsky forestry 100.0 108.6 112.1 Mechanical Plant "Uralets" 100.0 104.1 107.1 Feed Mill 100.0 99.0 100.6 Hosiery Read more [...]
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Demographic developments in Nizhny Tagil in the period 1990-2001

     Demography is the study of population. The main indicators of the demographic situation are, first of all, the size and composition of the population, the number of births and deaths, the number of arrivals to the country and retired from it, as well as the number of arrivals and departures within the country and its regions. They allow us to represent the structure and movement of the population, social and demographic processes.     It is recognized that the current demographic situation in Russia is far from safe. The reasons are usually called deep, still Read more [...]
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Development of the mining industry

XVIII century is a whole epoch in the history of the region. Because of the richness of their bowels he found himself in the center of the most important socio-econo­nomic reforms in Russia in the first quarter of XVIII century. Old steel areas (Tula, near Moscow, Olonec­cue, Lipetsk), which had a weak ore and fuel base, could no longer provide the country with the metal. It had to be imported from Sweden. The successful development of large metallurgical industry­of the Urals, the country had the opportunity to refuse to import the Swede­tion of iron and begin to address the internal Read more [...]
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Joyful faith in man (about NA Popova)

Guests arrived in January 1979 on the centenary Polevskoi PP Bazhov seeing the exhibits of the city museum, came to the pictures, which depicted an ordinary farmhouse. In the first years of Soviet power it was first opened in Polevskoi preschool institution. A glance at the picture, the guests are going to go on, to accompany guests Polevsky veteran Boris Pavlovich Bessonov said: - Before the revolution, it was a family priest Arcadia Cherepanov, whose daughter Nina later became known Urals writer. When the last words to Bessonov whirled short thin man: - Popov?! - Yes, a married surname Popov Read more [...]
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Radiation balance

 Radiation Balance in accordance with the distribution of its basic components ranges 1000 1200 MJ / (m2&#8729, Months) per year, which is 30-32% of the annual amount of total radiation. Throughout the winter has a negative value, since the arrival of radiation at this time is less than the heat loss by radiation (Table 5.3.) Table 5.3 Radiation balance underlying surface (summer grass, winter snow cover), MJ / (m2&# 8729; months) Station I II III IV V VI VII VIII IX X XI XII Year The October -41.9 -33.5 -16.8 79.6 272.4 326.8 314.2 201.1 83.8 -12.6 -37.7 -41.9 1092.5 Sytomino -50.3 -41.9 -37.7 88.0 284.9 339.4 331.0 230.4 88.0 -8.4 -41.9 -46.1 1135,3 Period Read more [...]
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Radiation climate factors Urals

 Solar radiation is one of the main climate factors. There are direct, diffuse and total solar radiation. The net of all incoming and outgoing radiation fluxes  is the radiation balance.  On the light-resource areas to judge the duration of sunshine [1].  Duration of sunshine  radiance depends on latitude (day length), clouds and terrain. Frequency of clear days in the county more than at the same latitudes of the European part of Russia, respectively, and more Duration sunshine. The annual duration of sunshine in the district  changes  from  1700 (Brezovo) Read more [...]
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For the sake of the latest issue

    Pre-war picture, presumably, 1937, published in issue of our newspaper on February 23 caused memories and awakened the most wrenching chord soul. I wrote: Maybe someone finds a picture Tagil journalists, among them his relatives, acquaintances?     And that response. Of Prokopyevsk Kemerovo region, from Larisa Semyonovna Azhiganich.     " Dear Rima! Forwarded to me your newspaper on 23 February. Of the total photos of the editorial staff, I learned many of those who been in our family. And saw her daddy - Seeds Gutsona Read more [...]
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Guardians and protectors

     In recent decades, in the decorative arts of the Urals is clearly a trend appeal to local artistic traditions, to the origins of the Ural art industry and local arts and crafts. Therefore, all art history in more detail and examines in detail the formation and development of the decorative arts of the Urals, especially local art schools, the uniqueness of the style of the Ural masters. From the XVIII century in art Urals peculiar blend of folk and professional, primitive, folk and academic influence, dilettantism and taste enlightened viewer.     In light Read more [...]
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Workers struggled against

     Day 9 January 1905 was the beginning of the first Russian revolution. Workers of St. Petersburg, peacefully marching to the Winter Palace, were shot. Killed and wounded, even a rough estimate of journalists who were in different areas of the city, there were about 4600.     The news of the Bloody Sunday wafted in Nizhny Tagil on the second day. Nizhny Tagil Committee RSDLP immediately distributed among the workers leaflets demanding the overthrow of the king, the main culprit of the execution of the St. Petersburg proletariat. The leaflet exposed the anti-people Read more [...]
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Workers play Ostrovsky

     The book "From the musical past" BG Manzhora wrote: "Factory employees Peteryuhin, L. Petrov, Shushpanov, Wisniewski was chosen for "home performances" large wooden house, which stood near the plant, by the river, on the descent downhill street Lower Erzovka (now the Papanina). Plant management gave them the house for rent. The room is converted, made an auditorium of 108 seats, curtains and painted backdrops, prepared seven changes of scenery".     December 30, 1862 for the first time the doors opened at Nizhny Tagil theater. Read more [...]
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Workers play Ostrovsky

In the book "From the musical past BG Manzhora wrote" Factory employees Peteryuhin, L. Petrov, Shushpanov, Wisniewski was chosen for the "home performances" a large wooden house, which stood near the plant, by the river, on the descent downhill street Lower Erzovka ( now named Papanina). Plant management gave them the house for rent. The room is converted, made an auditorium of 108 seats, curtains and painted backdrops, prepared seven changes of scenery. December 30, 1862 for the first time the doors opened at Nizhny Tagil theater. This amateur scene were vaudeville, plays Shpazhinskogo, comedy Read more [...]
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Working title

- Well, young man, lucky for you, - the head of personnel removed his glasses and slightly leaning back, as do overweight people, stood up, heavily focusing on the edge stola.- Congratulations! Eugene Butyagin grabbed with both hands outstretched palm myagenko small and very red in the face. - Laudatory sense of excitement! - Complacently boomed nachalnik.- Naturally. To go to the furnace Marten! Yes, even an assistant to Venyukova! The man who was "lucky" was a hefty eighteen boy in T-shirt cloth, very wiped on his elbows. He did not so long ago finished the tenth grade, and if you look closely, Read more [...]
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Hard-working people persistently raised refractory

     Annoyance shortcomings and failures with the project documentation objects NTMZ far from having exhausted the list of difficulties encountered working on the construction of the future giant Ural metallurgy. The acute shortage of tested everywhere: in building materials and shelter, food and drinking water. Many could not withstand such, frankly, hellish working conditions, left from the construction site. With frames Catastrophic Situation. On objects always worked two to three times fewer people than it should according to the staff. Given the fact that the mechanization Read more [...]
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