Enormous wealth Ural Mining Operators created a huge army of serfs and salaried people. Where do the workers were taken to ensure that the actions of many dozens of factories and mines? How they were treated hosts?
First on Nevyansky Plant arrived from Moscow and Tula craftsmen and apprentices. Brought here and Nikita Demidov Akinfiy and bought their serfs. But recent cost money, breeders tried to find such, for anyone not to pay: fugitive peasants and soldiers, splitters, prisoners Swedes convicts. All kinds of people inhabited the village at Nevyansk Read more [...]
Beginning of the last century was characterized by a clear increasing dissatisfaction with his position among the workhouse folk gornozavodskogo Urals. In particular, at the Demidov plants. Contributed to the maturing of the conflict confrontation between artisans and breeders largely admittedly skillful propaganda Nizhnetagilskogo RSDLP Committee shall promptly inform the work of all “acts” autocratic power in the violent suppression of the disaffected proletariat, for example, in Zlatoust, Baku, Tbilisi, Warsaw, Lodz, Irkutsk, Tomsk, in the Far East, not to mention the massacre of Read more [...]
"Attention, attention! Moscow says. Work all the radio stations of the Soviet Union. Pass on important government post". These words spoken from all radio sets country June 22, 1941, forever in our history. Almost the same, but still peaceful pre-war begins its broadcasts urban radio Tagil: "Attention, attention, says Tagil. Getting out of the studio of the radio transmission". In the city archives are stored two folders, which are collected and edited by the original handwritten, typewritten texts newsletters, presentations of production leaders, business Read more [...]
I personally always thought that Rabkor always harder than the journalist, work for the newspaper. Wrote a critical article lo and behold, and the authorities not talking to you, the master tries to find fault, and his brother do not mind working under the ninth rib hurt. Praised Sidorov and Ivanov offended why not me? So this Rabkor character must have a solid, perseverance rare. Another spur of the moment take up the pen, but, look, and business to be profitable, and her a lot of harm.
By Galina Berdnikova we looked closely at least a year. Biography, Read more [...]
Pjanoborskoj CULTURE (COMMUNITY)
archaeological. culture (cult. -ist. community). Titles. comes from cemeteries in with. Drunk Boron rep. Tatarstan. The term PK was introduced in 1901 A.A.Spitsynym, to date these ancient V-VII centuries. n. e. East. place of education in the cultures was determined Prikamye A.V.Shmidtom in 1930, to-ing to the PK attributed memory. The III. BC The III. BC Avg. Kama region and separated them from the synchronous memory. glyadenovskogo type Perm. Kama region. In the 1980s, VF Gening actually PK at the mouth of the White renamed chegandinskuyu and coined the term Read more [...]
Pyshminskaya Copper Electrolyte Plant (PMEZ)
located in the Upper Pyshma Sverdl. region., was put into operation in 1935 to produce electrolytic copper, copper powder, foil, selenium, tellurium, precious metals, copper and nickel sulphate (nickel sulfate). Rab. team of 6 thousand. pers. Design is powerful. achieved in 1939, on the eve of the Second World War zd recycled approx. 70% of the blister copper in the country. During the Second World War zd took its pl. evacuated from Podolsk enterprise Mfr. copper powder, developed no. copper-nickel, and others. alloys going to manufacture ammunition Read more [...]
Mining technician Klokov was somewhat surprised at the invitation of such a respected, solid and yet strange to his cause commission. If the conversation was about the survey ordinary workings commuting their tunnels to the mineral, he, as a specialist, there would be nothing to wonder and doubt. But the task set before him is not quite usual to help archaeologists and historians in the survey of the underground passage, found, as stated in the documents, April 27, 1915 in the village of Pyskor Perm province. The finding in Perm told someone from the locals. But only a month left in place IY Krivoshchekov Read more [...]
archaeological. memory. X-XIII centuries. BC Sverdl. region., Pyshminsky borough, village. Pylaeva Ave. Bank of the river. Pishma Ave. Tributary. Tours. The burial ground is located 3 km north-west. der. Pylaeva, on a narrow sandy promontory oxbow river. Pishma.
Inst. Yu.M.Kutakovym and A.V.Starkovym. Revealed 12 burials. Mind. placed in oval or rectangular pits stretched on his back his head to the west-southwest One was buried with an arrowhead at the nape lay crouched. Burial rite uniform: in the minds of objects filled with comb-cord ornamentation; decorations and h. garments: Read more [...]
livestock industry. Was developed in Okhansk, Krasnoufimsk y. Perm. lips., in the head. Stages of development: primitive beekeeping (collecting honey), P. tree hollow, with Ser. XVIII century. Pasechnoye P. (in connection with the transition to settled Bashkirs and plowed lands, and also because of the destruction of forests).
Beekeeping collect honey and wax from bees living in natural or artificial hives board was Gre. W. from Wed-century. In Wed with board collected 25-30 pounds of honey. In the beginning. XIX century. in Perm. lips. collected more than 4 thousand. Read more [...]
Aleksandr Sergeyevich Pushkin
(26/05/1799, 01/29/1837 Moscow, St. Petersburg), the great Russian. poet.
Rod. in a noble family. He graduated from the Tsarskoye Selo Lyceum (1817). Interest in the country's history has led the poet to Orenbah. Region (1833). Familiarization with places Cross. War 1773-75, discussions with participation. and eyewitnesses, was common in the region recording the songs and tales reflected in the novel The Captain's Daughter and the History of the Pugachev rebellion.
Vol .: Complete Works. T. 1-17. M .; L. 1937-59.
Lit .: Smolnikov I. Travel AS Pushkin in the Orenburg Read more [...]
In the 30-40 years of the last
century desire to get their man in the street
facsimile "memory" was very
large. But the studio, where he had to go specifically,
cost is relatively expensive. And the result
had to wait for days or even weeks.
People also wanted to "sfotkatsya" and purchase
card directly, seemingly as an afterthought.
found a way out. Want to get a shot
quickly and cheaply? Please! And there was a whole
developed a system "pyatiminutok". Read more [...]
Our meeting took place,
as it often happens by accident. The career
duties of a journalist I got to the celebration,
dedicated to the veterans of war and labor NTMK. In the hall
gathered the men and women who had put on the
the occasion of their combat and labor awards. They were
such abundance, these awards, which seemed even
that shining decorations and medals adds light
the holiday table.
Head of Department
Social Security Works Ivan
Good on the question of who better to talk to
the subject of publication in the newspaper, and not strongly
Read more [...]
Those who want to master the stone belt picked up from all sides. If you start to "take account" of these encroachments from the period of the great migration of peoples (of the most memorable events of the time - the invasion of the Huns, who crossed expanses of Siberia and South Urals steppe descended on Rome, where he showed in all its glory Vsesokrushayuschaya barbaric fury), about the middle of 1 th millennium BC. e., then, according to historians, the first of the then powerful nations turned their attention to the Urals disinterested Persians. It is safe to assert this, because it is Persian Read more [...]
After the revolution, by decree
VI Lenin country began to live in the new style. With
one side of a single calendar with Europe, with
another division of the people in outlook,
attempt to strike against Orthodoxy, which account
time led to the old style.
But believers are not changed
myself, as before, the Orthodox Church
welcomes its new 1999 year from Christmas
Christ on January 14. The Orthodox all as
it should be: first christmas, christmas
week, and then New year.
As, however, and
Catholic Europe, which is December 25,
begins to celebrate Read more [...]
Powder metallurgy is relatively new to the domestic industry method obtaining construction materials and blanks. It has become fairly widespread in engineering only in the last 20-25 years.
As this area of technology Metallurgy combines two features: get the metal powders and finished products from them. Iron powder prepared hydrometallurgical methods of iron ore or by spraying a steel melt cast compressed air, gas, driving high-pressure or reduction of the iron oxide scale rolled carbon steels. In special equipment powder pressed under high pressure Read more [...]
PUTNA Vytautas Kazemirovich
(12 (24) .04.1893, der. Matskanyay Vilna province. 06.12.1937, Moscow), the commander, the corps commander. Of the cross. Outcast. first world. war since 1915; graduated from the school of ensigns (1917). Volunteer of the Red Army in April. On Nov 1918. 1918, W.; Commissar, with May 1919 the Brigade Commander of the 26th SD. Participated in the development and implementation of Ufa operations Zlatoust operations, operations for the liberation Miassa and Troitsk, Chelyaba. operation. Divisional Commander of the 27th Arm. After civil. war on anyone. positions in the Red Read more [...]
In this volume we continue printing the translation from the French language books AY Kupffer "Journey to the Ural", Published in Paris in 1833 Readers are invited to that part of the fourth chapter of the book, where AY Kupfer describes his stay in 1828 at the Demidov factories.1
We left Yekaterinburg in early September on the four crews, two of which belonged to Mr. Hastinu and his traveling companion, one – I, and the fourth – Mr. Solomirskomu, one of the heirs Turchaninovskih mines (of which we have already had occasion to tell), Read more [...]
Before the trip to Zyuratkul all Summer 2013 was held on the banks of the river Sim. And then, after a rest on Sime next weekend, it was decided to go to the next weekend at this high mountain lake. The decision was quite spontaneous, there were several options. But in the evening before the intended trip outweighed the scales toward Zyuratkul.
Was made an excellent plan to visit the town of Shem, the fountain, the thresholds, and actually speaking, the lake and the mountain range. Not everything had left for the following year.
10.00. Saturday morning we met the cloudy weather.
With small caps Read more [...]