TRADE UNIONS (UNIONS) mass org-tion of workers who share common interests in their professional activities. Roar. movement of the late XIX beginning of XX century. in Russia has prepared the emergence org-tions, is the prototype of the trade unions. This strike to-you, strike funds, cash drag, etc. Their activities help workers to defend their economic interests. With the rise of societies. movement in 1905 began to appear unions. First created them employees, intellectuals, a group of people of the liberal professions. In October. 1905 ECAT., Orenbah., Perm acted fin. All-Russia. unions of railway Read more [...]
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VOCATIONAL AND TECHNICAL EDUCATION uch-conductive, schools, etc.. spec. stationary Account. agencies engaged in the training of skilled slave .; Regular. link system prof.-tehn. Education and Training (TVET). W. prof.-tehn. uch. institutions emerged in the beginning. XVIII century. (Gornozavodsk school). In the first quart. XIX century. were open env. mountain uch-conductive in ECAT., Zlatoust, at Votkinsk, Theological and Goroblagodatsky z-dah. In the second floor. XIX century. VET is in decline due to the crisis in ur. gornoz-dskoy prom. In 1910, on the ter., Orenbah jurisdiction. uch. env. Read more [...]
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TRAINING WORKERS one of the forms of training and advanced training on the job Manuf., was developed in the prom. W. P.O.R component h. System of vocational education. P.O.R. was carried out on the z-dah U. in the first quart. XVIII century. Children artisans and workmen trained prof. skills, usually from their parents. Education extended period of time was of a makeshift nature, was carried out without the programs and uch. plans. Acquisition of prof. Knowledge hampered almost universal illiteracy slave. Improving literacy, improved techniques and technologies Manuf. during the Industrial Revolution Read more [...]
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Forgive us, Baba Pear!

    In 2011, the year Tagil fishing lacquer painting would have turned 265 years old. Why "WOULD"? And because he as a fishery died. Back in December 2006, the new-born newspaper "Tagilka" ("T" Number 2 (2), Article "Jubilee or a wake?") Began to signal SOS: Brothers, fishing die! Help !!!     Then the newspaper were some of the last of the Mohicans podnosnogo fisheries director Art Fund Gennady Babin (once the main artist podnosnogo factory shop "Emalposuda") And director of the company crafts "Change" Read more [...]
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Prospect Builders

    Prospect Builders new name Kochkovatki street. There was approximately a 80 years. XIX century. in connection with the construction of mining railway station and Nizhny Tagil (1878).     It began around the station building, from Street gardens, ended in deadlock where modern Theater Square. Crossed her Street Basanina (October Revolution), Staged (Mira str.) and with Zavodskaya street was connected to a side street. Its name "Kochkovatka" - received, probably through thick mud, Wetlands, of which protruded herbal bump. Before the revolution in this street Read more [...]
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Prospect Dzerzhinsky

    Prospect Dzerzhinsky is one of the most extensive, the central streets of the old clapboard, has at least interesting history than the street or Ilyich Prospect railcar, and rich in Attraction. That he will be devoted to our today's walk.     For time its the existence of this street changed its name twice: in 1941 it was called the Soviet; in 1954 at the initiative of the director of the plant IV Okuneva that was part of the celebrations in Kiev dedicated 300th anniversary of the reunification of Ukraine and Russia, Street called boulevard Khmelnitsky: it symbolize Read more [...]
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Prospect railcar

     In 1931, construction began on Uralvagonzavod. This marked the beginning and the Dzerzhinsky district, which its inhabitants fondly called Clapboard.     Since the early days of construction there was a question about the creation of the housing stock. Arriving on the scene working at first settled in the village of Pokrovka and in the old town, but all failed to place there. The summer of 1931 at the site Uralvagonstroya appeared even a tent city. But this did not solve the problem. And now, vgrubaya taiga urgently were equipped shantytowns CHP near deaf Read more [...]
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The development of large-scale mining industry in the region with special urgency posed the problem of preparing skilled workers for the factories. Plants provide trained people were mining­factory school. An important role in their creation played VNTatischev. At his insistence, in 1721 opened the first school in Kungur and Uktusskom factory. VNTatischev was a staunch supporter of trained­of school children and artisans working people, bonded peasants, all who wish to study. He immediately delved into the issues by­tion training was several orders of commands that determines the order Read more [...]
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EDUCATIONAL SOCIETY societies. org-tion, established to promote the development of cum. education and non-formal education. Ask a Ser. XIX century. as-you literacy, the Society spread of education, tech. knowledge useful readings and others. educational functions on U. in the second half. XIX century. performed zemstvo, Wole, Perm. an economic quantity, ECAT. muses. circle, the Bible., music. At the turn of the XIX-XX centuries. in educational activities including most scientific. and prof. org-tions. In roar. 1905-07 kult. and educational activities have become a form of watered. struggle for Read more [...]
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Lost keys

Not for nothing it is called, so wicked. Every four minute raskhodvody it is reduced to virtually zero. Then the key again starts lupit.Svyazano this unusual phenomenon to the fact that somewhere in the bowels of the mountain podzemnayapolost is filled, then emptied. Really do not understand the trigger, which allows the water to flow out of the underground cavity. It is necessary to see that in a period of high water in the spring or fit rains pulsing effect in lost keys do not actually observed, since the water in the bowels of the mountain, and a lot of it flows constantly. Because the best Read more [...]
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INDUSTRIAL UNIT a group of related enterprises with raw materials and manpower, transportation and utilities, p. database, with the surrounding s-in rows and slave. pos. Combining scattered small industrial village. led to the creation of enlarged nodes and mountains. prom. agglomerations. Regular. determinant of folding industrial p. W., was wide. the possibility of combining the basic sectors in raw materials and energy-regions. Industrial development Sverdl. as Naib. large mountains. agglomeration and industrial. node dictated certain terr.-economic and geogr. prerequisites: location in the Read more [...]
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INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION XVIII-XIX centuries., Or prom. coup totality tehn. economic and social. changes that accompanied the transition from the manufacturing stage Mfr. to the factory system, machine industry. The term Industrial Revolution was proposed by Blanco (1837) and Engels (1845), and after publ. Arnold Toynbee Lectures on the Industrial Revolution (1884) has become generally accepted. PR spontaneous, complex, very long mass process, capturing not only the development of tehn. funds and the economy Manuf., but also the area of ​​trade, demographics, conditions, nature and content of Read more [...]
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INDUSTRIAL ARCHITECTURE divided into prom. Urbanism (architect. org-tion prom. ter.), architect. prom. buildings, architect. prom. structures. Originated in the U. simult. with the colonization of the region in Russian. at p. towns salt (Usolye 1430) and received intensive development from the beginning. XVIII century. time-gornoz dskogo development W. As an architect. ur first. z-ing were the so-called dam wizard solves the problem of creating water pressure for water acting technology Mfr. and metal processing. Gidrotehn. ur complexes. z-ing of the XVIII century. were not only the most powerful Read more [...]
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The prosecutor’s office has identified violations of environmental legislation on the banks of the Volga

In the Chuvash Republic infringements aqua legislation in the actions of economic entities. Cheboksarskaya interdistrict environmental prosecutor's office carried out to verify compliance with the requirements of environmental legislation by using excavation sites located in the coastal protection zone of the right bank of the river Volga. In the process of checking mezhrayprokuraturoy found that, in violation of federal law LLC FAC "Fairway", JSC "Cheboksary river port", LLC "MCD", "Trans Neruda", LLC "Mobile-Trade" within the boundaries of the coastal protective strip Cheboksary reservoir producing Read more [...]
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PROSECUTOR'S OFFICE system state. bodies DOS. appointment of a swarm oversee strict and exact execution of the laws in the country. Fundamentals of prosecutors in Russia were laid by Peter I. The decree of January 12. 1722 established the position of the gene al-prosecutor in the Senate, to-Rui took P.Yaguzhinsky. Peter I was interested in how to comply with its decisions to issue laws, decrees. In a specially designed docking positions of those gene-l-prosecutor stated: This rite Thou our eye, and a lawyer in the affairs of state. In the lips. prosecutors were under supervisory courts. Later Read more [...]
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Prokoshev Nicholas Afanasevich

Prokoshev Nicholas Afanasevich (09 (22) .12.1907, Vyatka 1942 at Leningrad.), Izv. owls. archaeologist who worked for William (1933-37), PhD. ist. Sciences. Rod. family servant. graduated Moscow State University (1930). In 1931-32 scientific. Officer Perm. muses., a graduate student GAIMK (Leningrad. fin.), 1933-41 scientific. employee GAIMK. In 1941 he volunteered for the French. and died near Leningrad. Org-torus archaeological. Inst. Upper Kama region, led an expedition in 1933-37 GAIMK zone page. Kama hydroelectric station. He conducted the first excavations Nizhneadischevskoy Mesolithic (1931, Read more [...]
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Procopius Akinfievich got Nevyansk dower

Procopius Akinfievich got Nevyansk part of the inheritance, which included 5 Ural iron works: Nevyansky, Byngovsky, Shuralinsky, Upper Tagil and Shaitansky, 3 plants on the Volga River (Upper Chugunsky, Lower Chugunsky and Korelskiy), 1 leather and a marina in the Urals. In estates that have fallen to Procopius Demidov together with factories Leaning parts were 3845 males peasants, 79 clerks and servants. He got six houses: stone with services in Moscow and wooden – Kazan, Cheboksary, Yaroslavl, Kungur and Tyumen.     After the division of the estate Nevyansk office would send Read more [...]
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Go through the Alexander, turn on Vysokovsk

One morning, walking in the street near the neck of the Black, one of the single-storey wooden houses we accidentally saw a sign with the old name of the street: "Taghilsky kriul". Our photojournalist took a picture of this amazingly preserved rarity (Taghilsky kriul was renamed the street named after SA Black first Hero of the Soviet Union in Nizhny Tagil in the early 60s).     At this point, the press photographer neighbor girl came and said that, well, you're here, mister, do? The answer surprised her: she even did not even know that before Street Called black Taghilsky Read more [...]
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Nicknames facetious name given by the Department. people or group of people. At the heart of the individual or collective AP may lie substantial or accidental feature. P. or names often contain information about the location of the to-cerned people came to the W., on the mfr., On a rum before had to work, etc. For example, Ustselemov native of Ust-Tsylmy Pechora, Kargapolov of Kargopolye, Pinzhakov to p. Pinegi (nickname: pinzhak) etc. P.P.Bazhov to sketch The old mine records collective P. workers Sysertsky env .: zhzhenopyatiki (factory slave.), Moles and peskomoi (miners and prospectors), forestry Read more [...]
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Draft standards for permissible impact on the Ob River basin reservoirs assessed public

In the town of Novosibirsk, Kemerovo, Tomsk and Barnaul 21-25 January 2013 held a public hearing draft outline inclusive use and protection of water bodies Basin Ob (SKIOVO-Ob) and the development of standards of permissible impact on the Ob River basin (NDV) in the area of ​​the Upper Ob STB. The hearing was held by developers (FSUE RosNIIVH). The event was the role of more than 100 people. In the main these were representatives of agencies of the federal executive power, state power of subjects of Russian Federation and local self-government. Also present were representatives of water users, Read more [...]
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