Pasture

Pasture fenced pasture for livestock, which lies next to the living. and households. buildings sat. Wall, as a rule, ext. P. border to cattle had free access to the yards, but could not be located outside the damage P. crops and hayfields. By P. usually give more Sq., So the neighboring village. united them. The fence or poles fastened to the dug into the ground supporting pillars with flexible rods. Roads poles are not tied to the posts, so they can be removed and open the drive. Often on the road hours. Roads arranged light gates. Summer guard made sure they were closed. Fence annually renews Read more [...]
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Possessional WORKING

Possessional WORKING team fortress artisans and workmen, inalienable from the prom. enterprises. By PR included: 1) serfs, bought the s Shipowners nedvoryanskyh class; 2) vechnootdannye assigned to the s-ladies by decree in 1736; 3) state-owned serfs, that the owner of private r-ing (eg, data from the Treasury); 4) after 1807 are indispensable workers, replacing ascribed cross. Starting PR placed an order on January 18. 1721 authorizing the s-Shipowners-nedvoryanam buy serfs cross. Purchase serfs to the s-women (with a break from 1762 to 1798) lasted until 1816 on data from the Treasury and indispensable Read more [...]
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Possessional PLANTS

Possessional PLANTS gornomet. Company D XVIII early. XX century. Privately owned and received Cadet L. assistance allowance from the State Island in the form of lands, forests, mines, office. force or denezh.sredstv, possessional right happened in the eighteenth century., but PZ were distinguished from the owners' only in 1811 with the establishment of Dept. of Finance. Their legal status was determined by the regulations, to form possessional right position Mining 1806 Mining Charter, which came into the Code of Conduct. On the eve of the fall serfdom in I860 to possessional ok.pol concerned. Read more [...]
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Possessional LAW

Possessional LAW (From Lat. Possessio possession), the conditional ownership people and lands that existed in Russia in XVIII beginning of XX centuries. Starting he put the decree of Peter I of 13 January 1721 which was allowed entrepreneurs nedvoryanam fly to plants of the village with serfs without hindrance, but tokmo under that condition, so that those villages were always already at those factories inseparable. With end of the XVIII in. possessional were considered all the companies that took the government to grant lands, mines, serfs, cash loans. Legislative acts posessiya term first appeared Read more [...]
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Village Chernoistochinsk

    Amazing village located in the vicinity Nizhny Tagil. Chernoistochinsk picturesquely located on the eastern slopes surrounded wooded Ural Mountains. This year, he said its 280-year anniversary.     The source of the river at the Black in 1726 was built Chernoistochinsk ironworks, and in 1850 Avrorinsky pig Plant. On the river Black in 1853 erected Antonovskii Plant. In by the construction of factories and formed village Chernoistochinsk. His appearance he shall Nizhny Tagil plant when with him supplying iron to Chernoistochinsk Plant for reforging in iron. And Read more [...]
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Village Chernoistochinsk

Amazing village is located near Nizhny Tagil. Chernoistochinsk picturesquely situated on the eastern slopes of the Ural surrounded by wooded mountains. This year it celebrated its 280th anniversary. The source of the river at the Black in 1726 was built Chernoistochinsk ironworks, and in 1850 Avrorinsky steelmaking plant. On the river Black in 1853 erected Antonovskii plant. As a result, construction of factories and formed a settlement Chernoistochinsk. His appearance, he is obliged to Nizhny Tagil plant when supplied with a cast on Chernoistochinsk factory for reforging in iron. And then sent Read more [...]
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village Cheremuhovo

The official birthday of the village Cheremuhovo is the day the decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR, namely, the 2nd April 1947. Settlement Cheremuhovo originated by the opening Cherёmuhovskogo bauxite deposits. In 1939 – 1940 field recognized merit attention and further study. By the end of 1943 in the village were built bakery, bath, dining room and began construction of the first house on the street of Kalinin. Later appear mine capital №8, №9 (1952) and vertical shaft №10 (1961). With the development of bauxite mines and the village grew, there №5 kindergarten Read more [...]
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Settlement tapping

Base: 1934Liquidation: 1958Cause of extinction: closed due to the cessation of loggingModern state: not preserved History:The village is located 18 kilometers from Severouralsk (Sverdlovsk region.), Due to the current mine № 13-13 bis, which now state farm field. It was built in 1934 for collectors of wood turpentine and logging Boksitstroya. The main mode of transport was the train, which connected city the village Cheremuhovo. Use and passing cars. The distance to the city on foot (16 kilometers) overcame two and a half hours. In the early years of the settlement was a small village with a Read more [...]
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Deer village

Base: unknownLiquidation: 1947Cause of extinction: damaged by fireModern state: not preserved History:With the construction of the Nadezhda stalerelsovogo plant in the upper Vagran began intensive logging, associated with charcoal burning. Deer Forest village located 8 kilometers from the Beryozovka upstream stag. In the village there was a large cordon, warehouses, two barracks, stables and a large bath. Lived here in the summer and prospectors uglezhogi. In 1943, in the Stag lived seven people. For some time there was also a village Vanka, who was 15-20 kilometers from Beryozovka up Vagranu. Read more [...]
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Village Okunёvo

Base: unknownLiquidation: 2002Cause of extinction: liquidation traditional transport (road) postsModern state: residential settlement History:Settlement Okunёvo Turin district of Sverdlovsk region (65th kilometer Shoryginskoy former narrow-gauge railway) rasselёn in 2002, after which road was completely dismantled. According S.Bolashenko who visited this place in the same 2002, now it is a sad place debris, dead zone. A huge number of black, dilapidated houses, impassable thickets. There are no signs of life almost everywhere. The only path leads from the impasse narrow-gauge railway to the most Read more [...]
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Village on the Black Istok

    Last Saturday, on the day of settlement Chernoistochinsk celebrated its 280th anniversary. He located in the amazingly beautiful countryside on slopes of the Ural Mountains, and many have tagilchane are vacation homes, gardens and cottages.     A history began with the construction of the village ironworks Black River Source.     February 9, 1726 there was a decree of the State Mining College, allowing Akinfiy N. Demidov build plants on the rivers Black Istok, Shaytanka, Duck. And according to documents in the narrow "convenient" place, Read more [...]
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Settlement Zavargan

Base: 1821Liquidation: XX CenturyCause of extinction: construction of water treatment plantModern state: not preserved History:Ancient Ural village, appeared on the river crossing Vagran and ceased to exist in 1950 in connection with the construction of a water canal. The first mention of the village Zavagran found in the records office of Peter and Paul factory for January 15, 1821 (stored in the city museum). Here is first mentioned at the outpost Zavagranskih bridges. In the last century in the gardens of both parts of the village were old riverbed Vagran that locals called “Kuryi”. Read more [...]
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Settlement Vysotinka

Base: 1932Liquidation: 1961Cause of extinction: cessation of loggingModern state: not preserved History:Former village on the bend of the river loggers Vagran. Population consisted mainly of exiled "Fists". From 1930 to 1932, from different parts of the exiles settled on the shift camp of loggers, where it was free housing barracks. Those who survived in the barracks blocks 195 and other nearby camps, were the first builders and residents Vysotinki. The village is built on a bend Vagran the highest place is quite far from the river. In the barracks under the mountain in 1932 opened a Read more [...]
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Settlement Bakaryuka

Base: no information Liquidation: 2000 Cause of extinction: cessation of logging Modern state: not preserved History: The former village of loggers in the area Alapayevsk Sverdlovsk region. Originated long before the industrial development of the area: it is known that in Bakaryuku exiled dispossessed peasants and other repressed citizens. Date of opening of the first section Otradnovskoy narrow gauge railway is unknown. Otradnovsky LPH was established in 1949. the final destination of the Roma branch Otradnovskoy UZ became village Bakaryuka arising long before the narrow-gauge railway. Date of Read more [...]
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Settlement Arbatsky

Base: 1940Liquidation: 1969Cause of extinction: cessation of miningModern state: not preserved History:According to the historical information obtained from the archive Kushva, that the workers' settlement Arbatsky was formed in 1940 on the basis of a copper mine Krasnoural'sk copper plant. Public authority in the village executive committee was Arbat Council of People's Deputies. He tackled in a working village all government and economic issues. In the village there were mines of copper ore, school, kindergarten, Infirmary, club, bakery. The staffing Arbat County Council for 1941 was laid staff Read more [...]
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ACCOMMODATION traditional peoples URAL

ACCOMMODATION traditional peoples URAL the seat of the person selected for a long time, and whose veins. and a slave. premises. Prototype are P. sp. or sporadically used parking communities gatherers, fishermen and hunters. P. in its original form appeared with the transition to agriculture and sedentary. Due to the variety of forms of households. Activities us. Lv. region stood fast. (Agricultural), seasonal (fishing) and BP. (Cattle) P. The only common feature of their spatial orientation is indispensable affinity to water sources p., Lake., Springs. For farmers a significant role played by Read more [...]
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Townsmen

Townsmen Commercial and artisan us. rus. g and h. village. Mountains. type (Posada, settlements). W. P. formation of us. beg. in the course of development and the emergence of edge cities in the XVI century. Category PL consisted of persons with Posada sat. Pomerania cross. counties, serving people, exiles and indigenous non-Russians. us. Its formation influenced intra-migration due to the depletion of natural resources (eg., Brine in the Urals), the decline in trade due to changes in transport routes and adm. status of certain of relative overpopulation of the old Gore. us. Great Perm in the Read more [...]
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Portraits familiar and unknown

     Portraits of Nikita and Akinfiy Demidovs, which will be discussed, accidentally lucky enough to see in the storerooms of Mordovia republic museum. Such images of people whose lives and activities are of great interest to many generations of researchers, can be counted on the fingers.     Portraits of the founders and owners of factories in the Urals and Siberia are stored in the collections of the Nizhny Tagil Museum. Just want to remind you that the portrait of Nikita Demidovich Antufeva Demidov is a wonderful copy of an unknown master, made in "Parsuna"And Read more [...]
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Portraits of familiar and unfamiliar

Portraits and Akinfiy Nikita Demidov which will be discussed, accidentally lucky enough to see in the storerooms of Mordovia republic museum. They were a surprise to me. Such images of people whose lives and activities are of great interest to many generations of researchers, can be counted on the fingers. Portraits of the founders and owners of factories in the Urals and Siberia are stored in the collections of the Nizhny Tagil historical revolutionary museum. Just want to remind you that the portrait of Nikita Demidovich Antufeva - Demidov is a copy of an unknown master, made in "Parsuna" tradition. Read more [...]
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Portrait of an unknown artist

This portrait of Nikita Demidov I have met in three museums in the country Nizhny Tagil, Nevyansk, Moscow. Doznatsya where the original and a copy of which I did not succeed. Critics so far this has not figured out themselves, perhaps because portraits restored, and maybe just because hands do not reach. Most likely, the original must choose between Moscow and Nizhny Tagil canvas portrait, which was exhibited at the State Historical Museum.This portrait belongs to the strange and mysterious of the many «Galleries» Demidov's portraits. Sons, grandchildren, great-grandchildren Nikita Read more [...]
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